Puri


Puri
Puri
—  city  —
Puri
Location of Puri
in Orissa and India
Coordinates 19°49′N 85°50′E / 19.81°N 85.83°E / 19.81; 85.83Coordinates: 19°49′N 85°50′E / 19.81°N 85.83°E / 19.81; 85.83
Country India
State Orissa
District(s) Puri
Mayor Gourahari Pradhan
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area

Elevation


0 metres (0 ft)

Puri About this sound pronunciation (Oriya: ପୁରୀ ) is district headquarter, a city situated about 60 kilometres (37 mi) south of state capital Bhubaneswar, on the eastern coast of the Bay of Bengal in the Indian state of Orissa. It is also known as Jagannath Puri after the Jagannath Temple (built in the late eleventh century). It is a holy city of the Hindus as a part of the Char Dham pilgrimages. It is considered that a pilgrimage of the temples of India is not complete without making the journey to Puri.

Puri also has one of the best beaches for swimming in India and is also a popular beach resort, positioned in a unique place so that both sunset and sunrise can be viewed from the beach.

Contents

Name

Puri, the holy land of Lord Jagannath, has many names. It is mentioned in Puranas as Srikshetra, Shankhakshetra, Neelāchala, Neelādri, Purusottama Dhāma, Purusottama Kshetra, Purusottama Puri and Jagannath Puri. The word "Puri" in Sanskrit means 'town', or 'city'[1] and is cognate with polis in Greek. It is possible that Puri is a shortened name for Jagannath Puri or Purusottama Puri. In some records pertaining to the British rule, the word 'Jagannath' was used for Puri.[2] It is the only shrine in India, where Radha, along with Lakshmi, Durga, Sati, Parvati, and Shakti abodes with Krishna, also known as Jagannath.[citation needed]

The Puri beach

History

Puri is the site of the Govardhana matha, one of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankaracharya, the others being those at Sringeri, Dwaraka and Jyotirmath.

Puri is also famous for its annual Ratha Yatra, or "Festival of Chariots", when the deities Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra, are brought out of the temple, and placed in a chariot procession. This festival occurs on various dates of the Gregorian calendar, typically in the month of July.

The town is famous for its many Mathas (Monasteries of the various Hindu sects). It also houses the relics of many Hindu figures as traditionally it is seen as a holy place to die in or to be cremated. As a result, it has had a disproportionate number of widows. Like other old Hindu religious towns it has a lot of character that is difficult to be glimpsed or picked up on easily by a casual visitor.

In 1903, Sri Yukteswar established an ashram in the sea-side town of Puri, naming it "Kararashram". From two ashrams, Yukteswar taught students, and began an organization named "Sadhu Sabha." Srila Bhakti Siddhanta Saraswati Thakur, founder of 64 Sri Gaudiya Maths performed the final past-times of his life in Puri.

The Rath Yatra in Puri in modern times showing the three chariots of the deities with the Temple in the background
Lord Balabhadra, Goddess Subhadra and Lord Jagannath.

Culture and Tradition of Puri

Puri is one of the fascinating littoral district of Orissa. The Cultural heritage of Puri with its long recorded history beginning from third century B. C till present day, The monuments and religious sanctity, way of life of the people with their rich tradition possess emphatically to be the cultural heart of Orissa. In deed Puri is considered cultural capital of Orissa. The culture here is flourished with its manifold activities.

The District has the happy conglomerate of different religions, sects and faith in course of history, Hindu, Buddhist, Jaina, Muslim, Christian, Sikh found here in the District.

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, an incarnation of Lord Krishna, appeared 500 (five hundred) years ago, in the mood of a devotee to taste the sublime emotions of ecstacy by chanting the holy name of Krishna. Stalwart scholars of Puri like Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya (head priest and great Sanskrit pandit) and others followed His teachings. Even kings and ministers of His period became His disciples. One famous King, Prataparudra, became His great admirer and ardent follower.

Traditional Fairs and Festivals

The festivals are celebrated in a calendar year relating to Lord Jagannath are:

Festival When celebrated Notes
Car Festival (Ratha Yatra) July
Chandan Yatra April
Gosani Yatra September/October Dasahara
Sahi Yatra March/April for 7 days from Rama Navami
Maha Shiva Ratri February/March in all the Saiva Pithas
Magha Mela January Konark
Boita Bandan October/November Konark
Harirajpur Melan March Harirajpur
Jhamu Yatra Kakatapur May
Dayana chori Ghorodia in Pipil Block
Aunla Navami November Sakshigopal
Makar Mela January Chilika
Bali Harachandi Mela during the Raj Festival in June Brahmagiri
Anabasar Yatra Alaranath Pitha Brhamagiri
Siruli Mahavir Mela Panasankranti- Siruli, Sadar Block
Julana Purnima August Raksha Bandhan
Other Festivals for Tourists
  • Konark festival – Department of Tourism – Government of Orissa – 1st week of December
  • Konark Music & Dance Festival – Konark Natya Mandap – February
  • Basant Utshav – Parampara Raghurajpur – February
  • Puri Beach Festival at Puri – Organised by Hotel & Restaurant Association of Orissa Bhubaneswar – November
  • Sriksetra Mohoshav, Puri – Organised by Srikshetra Mahoshav committee – April
  • Gundicha Utshav at Puri – Organised by Urreka, Puri – June

In all the festivals Odissidance folk dances from different party of the country are staged.

CULTURAL PROGRAM ON SECOND SATURDAY OF EVERY MONTH:

With the objective to encourage the young artist and to display our rich performing art form, Cultural programmee for two hours, in the evening of 2nd Saturday of each month is organized at the collector's conference Hall C (Near Sea bech Police Station) Puri by District Council of culture. The majestic Odissi dance, the lucid Odissi Song and enchanting folk dances are staged in this programmes.

Puri is also famous for its 'Sahi Jatras' which represent the spirit of 'Sahis' (Sahi: Geographical barriers based on occupation) Every year, strong young men dresees as mythological characters like Ravaan, Durga Madhab, Naga Sanyassi go around the town after seeking blessings from the Shri Jagannath Temple.

Monuments

The important monuments of the District are:

  • Jagannath Temple, Puri
  • Gundicha Temple, Puri
  • Shyamakali Temple, Puri
  • Siddha Mahavir Temple, Puri
  • Swetaganga Tank, Puri
  • Lokonath Temple, Puri
  • Jambeswar temple, Puri
  • Karar Ashram, Kriyayoga Teaching & Meditation Centre, Puri
  • Sapta Matruka images near Markandeswar tank Puri
  • Sun Temple, Konark
  • Barahi Temple, at Chourasi, in Nimapara Block.
  • Mangala Temple, Kakatpur
  • Sakhigopal Temple, at Sakhigopal
  • Amareswar Temple, at Amareswar, Nimapara Block
  • Sculpture shed at Bishnupur, Nimapara
  • Gramswar Temple, Terundia, Nimapara
  • Alarnath Temple, Brahmamgiri
  • Baliharachandi Temple, Brahmagiri, Block
  • Kunteswar Temple, Araorh, Pipil Block
  • Harihar Temple, near Pipil
  • Shiva Temple, Jagadalpur at Delang Block
  • Tara image at Badatara, Gop
  • Bayalisbati Temple, near Gop
  • Mohabir Temple, Siruli Sadar Block
  • Gopaljeeu Temple, Ganeswar Pur, Gop
  • Nilakantheswar Temple,Dighalo,Nimapara
  • Daskhina Kali Mandir ,Biragovindpur,Puri
  • Nilachala Kutir (Swami Nigamananda Ashram), Swargdwar, Puri

The grandeur of architecture and the crafts maintop of the sculptures speak high of the cultural history of Puri District.

Excavated Archeological Sites

The following are the Excavated archeological Sites of Puri District.

  • Kurum is 80 km away from Konark. The excavation work conducted here reveal the remains at Buddhists artifacts at 10th century AD
  • Manikapatana – It is in Krushnaprasad block from which the remains at mediaeval period are found.
  • Klkha patana on Puri-Konark Marine drive road where the remains of 15th century was found.
Theatre

Anna Purna Theatre, situated at the grand road Puri, is a pioneer institution in the field of theatrical performances.

Opera

Opera is a popular mobile drama troupe is very popular in the state.

Museum
  • District Museum Puri: With a view to preserve and project our rich cultural heritage, the district Museum at Puri is functioning since 1997. It is one of the branch museum of Orissa state museum and managed by Govt of Orissa. Different veshas of Lord Jagannath, Sculptures of various Kinds, Patta paintings palm leaf paintings, Handicrafts of numerous varieties are displayed in this museum. It is located at the Station Road, Puri-2. There is no entry fee for visiting this museum.
  • Another handicraft museum is situated at Batagaon, 5 km from Puri on Puri Bhubaneswar road. It is managed by a Co-operative Society.
  • A museum has been established inside the Jagannath Temple which showcases history of Jagannath Temple as well as the epics such as Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Libraries
  • District library: The district library of Puri is situated at station road and having more than 15000 books daily newspapers and magazines are brought to this library regularly. It is managed by dept of culture, Govt of Orissa. Anyone interested can read in this library. There is no lending facilities.
  • Panchasakha memorial hall library, Sakhigopal: This library is also managed by the department of culture, Orissa. It has more than 4000 books at its stock. Monday is the weekly holidays.

To extend library activities in rural areas, registered libraries functioning at different parts of the district are encouraged with various distance from Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation Calcutta through State Govt.

Places of interest

  • Puri is considered a holy place of pilgrimage in India.
  • The beautiful sea beach with its unique and fantastic views of sunsets and sunrises.
  • The world famous Jagannath Temple (Bada Deula).
  • Hare Krishna Movement, Puri – originally started by SriChaitanya Mahaprabhu 500 years back & inspired by His Divine Grace A.C.Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, preaching the sublime method of purifying heart & soul by chanting the Lord Krishna's (Jagannath) holy name.
  • The gateway to heaven (as per Hindu mythology – Swargadwara). Swargadwara means direct gateway to Heaven. Here, there is a Burning Ghat for Hindus. Swarga means Heaven and Dwara means gate.
  • One of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankaracharya – Puri matha
  • Ratha Jatra.
  • Gateway to famous Sun temple (from Puri 36 km.) at Konark from Konark towards north "Kuruma" is the location of a famous Buddhist place. It is possible to walk along the beach from Puri all the way to Konark (or Konarak the name it is also known by) in order to see the Konark Sun Temple.
  • Bada Thakura(Lord Jagannath), Bada Danda(Grand Road), Bada Deula(Jagannath temple), Bada Raja(King of puri), Maha Prasada(cooked food from the temple), Maha Dipa(oil candel) etc. are notable persons and things in Puri.
  • Tota Gopinatha mandira, Alharanatha mandir at Bramhagiri.
  • Jayadeba, the famous Oriya poet who has written "Gita Gobinda" in Sanskrit was born in Kenduli Sasan on the outskirts of Puri.
  • Sakhigopala otherwise known as Satyabadi is a very significant religious place and tourist destination of Puri district. Utkalamani Gopabandhu Dasa with his four friends set up Bakula Bana Bidyalaya here, an open air school which played pivotal role in building character of students. Also immensely contributed to the freedom struggle of India.

Geography

Puri is located at 19°48′N 85°51′E / 19.8°N 85.85°E / 19.8; 85.85.[3] It has an average elevation of 0 metres (0 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[4] Puri had a population of 157,610. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Puri has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 70%. In Puri, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Tourism

Puri has a very long, broad sand beach. The sea produces very big waves here. It attracts many national and international tourists because of its beautiful long beach and world famous Jagannath Temple The place to start a pilgrimage is here and Puri is a pilgrim's destination too. There are many ashrams and sacred temples in Puri.

Nearby Tourist Spots

Politics

Current MLA from Puri Assembly Constituency is Maheswar Mohanty of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2009. He won this seat for BJD in 2000 and 2004 and representing JD in 1995. Other previous MLAs from this seat were Braja Kishor Tripathy who won this seat representing JD in 1990, representing JNP in 1985 and 1977, Gadadhar Mishra of INC(I) in 1980.Mr Uma Ballav Rath also became the MLA in 1991 in a Bi election as a JD candidate.[5]

Puri is part of Puri (Lok Sabha constituency).[6]

See also

References

current M.P of puri is pinaki mishra.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Puri — bezeichnet: Puri (Stadt), Stadt in Indien Puri (Distrikt), Distrikt in Indien Puri (Brot), indisches Fladenbrot Puri Indianer, Indianerstamm in Südamerika einen Palast oder auf Bali einen Tempel in der indonesischen Sprache Puri ist der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Puri — Purî Localisation de Konârak Purî est une ville sainte de l Orissa, sur la côte du golfe du Bengale, située à 500 km au sud ouest de Kolkata et à 60 km au sud de Cuttack. Elle est l un des sommets du triangle Bhubaneswar Konârak Purî qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • puri — [poor′ē] n. pl. puri or puris [Hindi] a deep fried wheat bread of India: the flat round of dough puffs out in the hot oil …   English World dictionary

  • Puri — Pur i, n. (Chem.) See {Euxanthin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Puri — Puri, s. Puris …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Puri — Puri, Indianerstamm in Brasilien, von unsicherer Verwandtschaft, der früher in Minas Geraes lebte, jetzt in wenigen unvermischten Überresten beide Ufer des untern Parahyba im NO. von Rio de Janeiro bewohnt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Puri — (Pooree), Distriktshauptstadt der Div. Orissa (Bengalen), an der Südspitze des Mahanadideltas, (1901) 49.334 E., Heiligtum des Dschagannath (s.d.) mit etwa 120 Tempeln …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Puri [2] — Puri, Indianerstamm in den brasil. Staaten Rio de Janeiro und Espirito Santo, nach ihrer Haartracht (Tonsur) wie auch andere Stämme Coroados genannt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Puri — /ˈpuri/ (say poohree) noun a seaport in eastern India, on the Bay of Bengal; a place of pilgrimage (temple of Krishna). See Juggernaut …   Australian English dictionary

  • Purî — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Puri (homonymie). Localisation de Konârak Purî est une ville sainte de l Orissa, sur la côte du golfe du Bengale, située à 500 km au sud ouest de Kolkata et à 60 km au sud de C …   Wikipédia en Français