- Attacking Cavalryman Statue, Iaşi
The Attacking Cavalryman Statue in
Iaşi, Romania( _ro. Statuia Cavaleristului în atac; also known as the Monument to the Heroes of the 2nd Cavalry Division ("Monumentul Eroilor Diviziei 2-a Cavalerie") or The Prunaru Charge ("Şarja de la Prunaru")) is a bronze monument executed by sculptor Ioan C. Dimitriu-Bârlad and unvelied in 1927. One of the city's signature monuments, it is located in front of the SuperCopou store, across the street from the main entrance to Copou Garden.
The statue was produced at the initiative of the 2nd Romanian cavalry division who fought in
World War I. Funds were collected through pledges, in the obtaining of which the wife of General Naum, commander of the division, played an important role.
The monument seeks to remind succeeding generations of the sacrifice made by the soldiers of the 2nd "Roşiori" cavalry regiment, who undertook the bloody
Prunaru Chargein defence of the road to Bucharestat the end of November 1916; of 5,000 troops, just 134 emerged alive.
The statue depicts a bronze allegory comprised of two groups symbolizing Victory and Sacrifice. Victory is represented by a cavalryman on horseback advancing in full charge, with a helmet on his head and a spear in his hand, accompanied by a nymph who has a crown of laurels in her outstretched hand. The nymph symbolizes a guardian angel, or the mother, wife or daughter whom the hero would never see again.
The pedestal is six metres high and includes a crypt of Sacrifice, which is entered through the Gate of Immortality (also made of bronze) with a bas-relief representing Sacrifice: a mortally wounded horseman falling into the arms of an angel who crowns his brow with laurels. Inside the crypt there is a candle, illuminated with electric light, that keeps eternal watch over the names carved into marble at the sides of the pedestal.
Each of the pedestal's four sides had bronze bas-reliefs with images from the battles fought by the 2nd cavalry division at Prunaru, Măgheruş, the
Dniesterand Tisza- Budapest. Currently, one of the four bas-reliefs (at the back of the right side) is missing.
On the left side of the pedestal, between two bas-reliefs, a marble plaque reads: "În anul 1927 sub glorioasa domnie a M.S. Regelui Ferdinand I" ("In the year 1927 under the glorious reign of H.M. King Ferdinand I"). On the right side of the pedestal, between a bas-reliefs and the space that once held another, a second marble plaque reads: "Divizia 2-a Cavalerie recunoscătoare acelor cari s'au sacrificat pentru ţară în răsboiul întregirei neamului 1916-1919" ("The 2nd Cavalry Division honours those who sacrificed themselves for the country in the war for the union of our people 1916-1919").
The statue was unveiled on Sunday,
May 29, 1927, before Queen Marie, Princess Ileana, Princess Helen and the young crown prince Michael. King Ferdinand, who would die that July 20, was gravely ill and thus did not attend.
The unveiling happened at 11:30 am, after Princess
Olga Sturdza's Union Monument, which had been unveiled at 10:15.
The monument was initially surrounded by a small garden, but in 1968 today's SuperCopou store, as well as the Copou cinema, were built behind it.
* Mitican, Ion. "Urcînd Copoul cu gîndul la Podul Verde". Ed. Tehnopress, Iaşi, 2006.
* Suceveanu, Eugen. "Obiective istorico-turistice". Iaşi, 1983.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Union Monument, Iaşi — Iaşi Union Monument Union Monument (Romanian: Monumentul Unirii), a monument of white marble in the Romanian city of Iaşi, was designed by Princess Olga Sturdza and unveiled in 1927 at the base of Carol Boulevard. It consists of a central piece… … Wikipedia
Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iaşi — Motto Ipsa scientia potestas est (Latin: Knowledge itself is power ) Established 1813/1937 Type Public … Wikipedia
Metropolitan Cathedral, Iaşi — The Metropolitan Cathedral Catedrala Metropolitană Basic information Location Iaşi Affiliation Romanian Orthodox … Wikipedia
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University — Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza Established 1860 Type Public … Wikipedia
Cetăţuia Monastery — Basic information Location Iaşi, Romania Affiliation Romanian Orthodox Church … Wikipedia
Bărboi Church — Church of Saints Peter and Paul Facade Basic information Location Iaşi, Romania Affiliation Romanian Orthodox Church … Wikipedia
Copou Park — Junimea Alley in Copou Park Type Urban park Location Iaşi Are … Wikipedia
Moldova Mall — Location Iaşi, Romania Opening date 1970/2006 Owner Equest Balkan Properties … Wikipedia