Ramsbottom


Ramsbottom

infobox UK place
country = England
map_type= Greater Manchester
latitude= 53.6484
longitude= -2.3169
official_name= Ramsbottom
population= 14,635 (2001 Census)
shire_district= Rossendale
metropolitan_borough= Bury
metropolitan_county= Greater Manchester
shire_county= Lancashire
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Bury North
post_town= BURY
postcode_district = BL0
postcode_area= BL
dial_code= 01706
os_grid_reference= SD790169
static_

static_image_caption=A view over Ramsbottom
london_distance=

Ramsbottom is a small town on the border of Lancashire and Greater Manchester, England. With a total population of 14,635, [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=3&b=5941665&c=ramsbottom&d=14&e=16&g=350626&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1 2001 census data] ] Ramsbottom is split between the Rossendale and Bury local government boroughs. [cite web |url=http://www.rossendale.gov.uk/site/scripts/documents_info.php?categoryID=1106&documentID=244 |title=A Brief History of Rossendale |publisher=www.rossendale.gov.uk |accessdate=2007-03-20]

History

The name probably means "rams valley" from Old English "ramm" (ram) and "botm" (valley). However some toponymists interpret it as wild-garlic-valley, with the first element representing the Old English "hramsa". A record from 1324 giving the name as Ramesbothum is inconclusive. [Roome, A: Dictionary of Place-Names Bloomsbury (1988) ISBN 0 7475 0170] The town was alternatively recorded as Ramysbothom in 1540. [Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, "The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain", p. 157.]

There are a significant number of Bronze Age burial sites around Ramsbottom, the most notable of which is Whitelow Cairn, one mile (1.6 km) southeast of Ramsbottom town centre and three miles (4.8 km) north of Bury. The cairn was excavated by Bury Archaeological Group between 1960–62, under the leadership of Norman Tyson. [cite web |title=Whitelow Hill investigation history |url=http://www.pastscape.org.uk/events.aspx?a=0&hob_id=45141 |publisher=Pastscape.org.uk |accessdate=2008-01-26] Finds include one main cremation and seven secondary cremations, four in urns, dating to the mid Bronze Age. The artefacts found during the excavation are now housed in Bury Museum. [cite web |title=Whitelow Hill |url=http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=45141 |publisher=Pastscape.org.uk |accessdate=2008-01-26]

Ramsbottom developed during the 19th century as a mill town. It had mills for spinning, weaving, and printing. Its Square Mill was in its day innovative in combining many such processes under one roof.

Geography

Ramsbottom is bounded to the south by Holcombe Brook and Summerseat; to the north by Edenfield, Irwell Vale, Stubbins and the hamlets of Chatterton and Strongstry; to the west by Holcombe and to the east by Shuttleworth and Turn Village.

The area is characterised by its position in the Rossendale Valley and The West Pennine Moors. The high ground rises sharply on either side of the town with Holcombe Moor, Harcles Hill and Bull Hill to the west and Top O' Th' Hoof, Harden Moor, Scout Moor and Whittle Hill to the east.

Landmarks

Peel Tower, Holcombe Moor

The skyline over the town is dominated by the Peel Monument, a memorial to Sir Robert Peel, a 19th century British Prime Minister best remembered as the creator of the modern British Police Force, born in neighbouring Bury. The tower itself stands convert|128|ft|m|1 tall on Holcombe Moor. [ [http://www.bury.gov.uk/LeisureAndCulture/ParksAndRecreation/Countryside/PlacesToVisit/HolcombeMoor.htm Bury Council reference to Peel Tower, Holcombe Moor] ] Even from the foot of the tower, there are spectacular views over West Yorkshire, North Lancashire, Greater Manchester, North Wales and the Lancashire Plain. From the top of the tower it is possible to see Blackpool Tower on a clear day.

The tower was completed in 1852 at a cost of almost £1,000. This cost was met from public subscriptions by a people grateful for Peel's role in the repeal of the Corn Laws, legislation that had driven up the price of bread for the working masses.Fact|date=December 2007

East Lancashire Railway

A popular way to visit Ramsbottom is via the East Lancashire Railway during weekends and public holidays. This preserved heritage railway runs diesel and steam services through the year with main stopping points at Rawtenstall, Ramsbottom, Bury and Heywood. The district straddles the A676, A56 and B6214 roads with its centre convert|4|mi|km|1 north of Bury, convert|4|mi|km|1 south of Rawtenstall and convert|6|mi|km|1 north east of Bolton. It is interesting to note that the railway actually crosses the main street of Ramsbottom.

Grant Arms Hotel

The Grant Arms Hotel in the Market Place was at one time the home of William and Daniel Grant, brothers and 19th century industrialists, who settled in the area after leaving their native Scotland. It is said that the Grant brothers were the inspiration for the "Cheeryble brothers" in Charles Dickens' "Nicholas Nickleby". [cite web | last = Peacock | first = Doug | title = Charles Dickens - writing from life | publisher = Cotton Times | url = http://www.cottontimes.co.uk/dickenso.html | accessdate = 2007-05-05]

Until 1944, Grant's Tower, erected in 1828, stood on the eastern side of the valley (above Park Congregational Chapel) in memory of the Grant brothers.Fact|date=December 2007

Tilted Vase

Ramsbottom is on the path of the Irwell Sculpture Trail. The 'Tilted Vase' by Edward Allington, a sculpture both classical in shape to reflect the surrounding buildings but apparently bolted together to reflect the old industries, is located in the Market Place. This piece of work, weighing around two tons, was funded with £250,000 of National Lottery money. [cite web |title=Tilted vase sees light of day |publisher=This is Lancashire |publication=Lancashire Evening Telegraph |date=1998-08-06|url=http://archive.thisislancashire.co.uk/1998/8/6/794275.html |accessdate=2008-01-16]

Nuttall Park

A large park with facilities for bowls, tennis, football and public events.

Culture and community

Black Pudding Throwing Championships

The World Black Pudding Throwing Championships are held annually at the Royal Oak pub on Bridge Street in the town centre. Participants have to throw (underarm) the puddings in an attempt to dislodge a stack of Yorkshire puddings placed on plinths on two levels (one for children, the other for adults). The winner is the one who dislodges most Yorkshire puddings in three attempts. The competition started at the now defunct Corner Pin pub in nearby Stubbins. In August 2002 this event was staged as the Commonwealth Black Pudding Throwing Championships.

Good Friday traditions

Hundreds of people climb Holcombe Hill each year on Good Friday. [ [http://www.england-in-particular.info/calendar/c-easter.html Easter Traditions] ] Historically this gathering had a principally religious purpose as the hill is said to be strikingly similar to Calvary, the hill on which Jesus was crucified.Fact|date=March 2008 A smaller gathering of people also keep alive the tradition of egg rolling before starting the climb. The large gatherings on the hill are clearly visible from miles away, and occasionally attract unorthodox religious preachers, who sometimes preach on the hill.

In recent years the celebrations have become more secular, with the public house at the bottom of Holcombe Hill attracting as many as 3,000 visitors if the weather is good. This has led to complaints from local residents and to restrictions being imposed by the local council. [ [http://burydem.bury.gov.uk/aksbury/images/att5084.doc Bury Council] ]

Old English Gamecock Show

Since 1843 there has been an annual exhibition of game fowl, held on New Years Day at the Old Dun Horse Hotel. [cite web |title=Game on for bird show |publisher=Newsquest Media Group|publication=Bolton Evening News|date=2002-12-31|url=http://archive.thisislancashire.co.uk/2002/12/31/575588.html|accessdate=2008-04-21] This competitive show replaced the annual cockfight that took place in the town square following the New Year Holcome Hunt. [cite web |title=Plenty to crow about |publisher=Newsquest Media Group|publication=Bolton Evening News|date=2000-01-04|url=http://archive.lancashireeveningtelegraph.co.uk/2000/1/4/746294.html|accessdate=2008-04-21] The exhibition, which is organised by the Holcombe Old English Game Fowl Club, is said to be the oldest gamecock show in the world. [cite web |title=All our yesteryears: 25 years ago |publisher=MEN|publication=Rossendale Free Press|date=2006-01-13|url=http://www.rossendalefreepress.co.uk/community/nostalgia/s/508116_ode_was_a_hit_at_beulah|accessdate=2008-04-21]

Religion

The Ramsbottom and Edenfield Team Ministry exists to share out the few reverends and priests that serve in the Ramsbottom and Edenfield areas, to make sure that all churches receive regular services. [cite web |title= Team Ministry | url= http://www.retm.co.uk | accessdate= 2007-09-03]
* Christ Church Baptist Methodist Church
* Dundee United Reformed Church
* Edenfield CE Parish Church
* Edenfield Methodist Church
* Emmanuel Church Centre, Holcombe Brook
* Emmanuel Holcombe CE Church, Holcombe
* Greenmount United Reformed Church, Greenmount
* Holcombe Brook Methodist Church
* Olivet Pentecostal Church
* Ramsbottom Evangelical Church
* St. Andrew's CE Church
* St. Mary's CE Church, Hawkshaw
* St. John in the Wilderness CE Church, Shuttleworth
* St. Joseph's RC Church
* St. Paul's CE Church
* St. Philip's CE, Chatterton
* Darul Uloom Islamic College

Education

* Edenfield CE Primary, Stubbins Community Primary, St Joseph's RC Primary, St Andrew's CE Primary, Hazelhurst County Primary, Emmanuel Holcomce CE Primary, Holcombe Brook Community Primary, Summerseat Methodist Primary, Peel Brow Primary
* Woodhey High School
* Darul Uloom Islamic College

ports

Ramsbottom Cricket Club play in the Lancashire League. The team has included professional players such as Chris Harris (New Zealand), Brad Hodge (Australia and Lancashire CCC, and Ian Harvey (Australia and currently Derbyshire CCC). Its ground, close to Ramsbottom railway station, has a reputation as being one of the best and most picturesque in the north west of England. Ramsbottom United Football Club play in the North West Counties Football League Division One (level 9 in the English Football League System). The club's home games are played at its floodlit pitch, the "Riverside Ground", adjacent to the cricket ground.

Arts and entertainment

ummerseat Players

Ramsbottom's non-professional dramatic group is called the Summerseat Players, a registered charity that is run entirely not-for-profit. It typically puts on five performances in each season, as well as a number of other events such as performances by local schools and dance groups, along with the company's own youth theatre groups.

The group has existed since 1968, and originally performed at the St. Winifred's Church Hall in Summerseat. In 1990, with donations and loans from members and enthusiasts, the company purchased what is now the Theatre Royal on Smithy Street, Ramsbottom. [ [http://www.summerseatplayers.co.uk/history.htm Summerseat Players] ]

References

Notes

Bibliography

*cite book |author=Nicolaisen W. F. H., Gelling M., & Richards M. |title=The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain |publisher=B. T. Batsford Ltd |year=1970 |isbn=0713401133

External links

* [http://www.ramsbottomheritage.org.uk/ Ramsbottom Heritage Society]
* [http://officialpudthrowing.mysite.orange.co.uk/ Official Homepage of the World Black Pudding Throwing Championships]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ramsbottom — steht für Ramsbotton (Greater Manchester), Ort in England Ramsbottom ist der Familienname folgender Personen: John Ramsbottom (Ingenieur) (1814–1897), englischer Ingenieur John Ramsbottom (Mykologe) (1885–1974), britischer Mykologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ramsbottom — (spr. rämmsbott m), Stadt in Lancashire (England), am Irwell, 6 km nördlich von Bury, hat mehrere moderne Kirchen, Eisen und Metallgießerei, Maschinenfabrikation, Baumwollindustrie, Kattundruckerei und (1901) 15,920 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ramsbottom — (spr. rämmsbótt m), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Lancaster, am Irwell, (1901) 15.920 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ramsbottom — 53° 38′ 54″ N 2° 19′ 01″ W / 53.6484, 2.3169 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ramsbottom — Recorded in many forms including Ramsbottom, Ramsbotham, Ramsbottam and Ramsbotton, this is a famous English and Lancashire surname. It is locational from the town of Ramsbottom, described by the famous etymologist canon Charles Bardsley writing… …   Surnames reference

  • Ramsbottom — Original name in latin Ramsbottom Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.64789 latitude 2.31683 altitude 133 Population 17738 Date 2013 07 11 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • RAMSBOTTOM —    (17), a busy manufacturing town in Lancashire, on the Irwell, 4 m. N. of Bury, engaged in cotton weaving, calico printing, rope making, &c …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • ramsbottom — rams·bot·tom …   English syllables

  • Ramsbottom Cricket Club — is a cricket club in the Lancashire League, which plays its home games at Acre Bottom in Ramsbottom. For the 2008 season its captain is Simon Read, and its professional is Lou Vincent of New Zealand. Vincent signed for Lancashire CCC and has been …   Wikipedia

  • Ramsbottom Carbon Residue — Ramsbottom Carbon Residue, which abbreviation is RCR, is well known in the petroleum industry as a method to calculate the carbon residue of a fuel. The carbon residue value is considered by some to give an approximate indication of the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.