Second French Indochina Campaign


Second French Indochina Campaign

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Second Campaign of French Indochina
partof= the South-East Asian theatre of World War II


caption=
date=March 9May 2 1945
place=French Indochina
casus=Japanese coup d'état
territory=
result= Japanese victory
Creation of the independent Empire of Vietnam
combatant1=flagicon|Japan|alt Empire of Japan
combatant2=flagicon|France France
commander1=
commander2=
strength1= unknown
strength2= 55,000
casualties1= unknown
casualties2= 2,129 Europeans killed (military & civil)

The Second French Indochina Campaign also known as the Japanese coup of March 1945, was a Japanese military operation in all Vietnam, then a French colony. It resulted in the creation of the Empire of Vietnam replacing the French administration.

In early March Japanese forces were redeployed around many of the main French garrison towns, and on March 9, 1945, the Japanese delivered without warning an ultimatum for the disarmament of French troops. Those that refused were immediately attacked and in most cases massacred. In Saigon the two senior Vichy officials, General Emile-René Lemonnier and Resident Auphalle, were executed by decapitation. [cite book|title=The Last Valley|author=Martin Windrow|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson (2004)] The French upcountry garrisons fared better, however, and, under the leadership of Major-General Marcel-Jean-Marie Alessandri, a column of 5,700 French troops fought its way through to Nationalist China. [Windrow]

Vietnam was not a colony at this time. The area known as Cochinchina was a colony proper however the regions of Annam and Tonkin were French 'protectorates'.

References

Media links

* [http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2dkcx_conflit-en-indochine-15011941 "Conflict in Indochina"] , French newsreels archives (Les Actualités Mondiales), January 15, 1941

External links

* [http://www.anapi.asso.fr/en_Prisoners-of-the-Japanese_17.htm The 9th March 1945 onslaught (3-part dossier)]
* [http://www.net4war.com/e-revue/dossiers/indochine/contexte/contexte01.htm Japanese intervention of 1945] , Dr. Jean-Philippe Liardet


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