Treaty of Lahore


Treaty of Lahore

The Treaty of Lahore was signed on March 9, 1846 after the First Sikh War. After the defeat of the Sikhs at the Battle of Sobraon the British marched unopposed into Lahore where the treaty was signed. [ [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/pager.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V20_279.gifPunjab - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 20, p. 273.] ]

Under the terms of the treaty, the Sikhs had to cede Kashmir and Hazara and Jalandhar Doab to the British..] The treaty also resulted in the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond falling into British hands.

Gulab Singh negotiated terms for surrender, the Sikhs ceded the valuable agricultural lands of the Jullundur Doab to the British Honourable East India Company, and allowed a British Resident and a British contingent at Lahore with subordinates in other principal cities.

Also, under the treaty, the Sikhs were obliged to pay an indemnity of 1.2 million pounds. As they were unable to pay Gulab Singh was able to acquire Kashmir from the Punjab government by paying 750,000 pounds to the East India Company.

The Sikhs were also forced to give up the territory between the Satluj and the Beas rivers to the British. The Sikh army was also reduced. Maharaja Duleep Singh was recognised as the new ruler of Punjab with Rani Jindan as the regent and Lal Singh as the Chief Minister. The new rulers were forbidden to employ any European without the permission of the British.

ee also

*List of treaties
*Treaty of Amritsar

References


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