- T-2 mycotoxin
T-2 Identifiers CAS number PubChem ChemSpider ChEMBL RTECS number YD0100000 Jmol-3D images Image 1 Properties Molecular formula C24H34O9 Molar mass 466.52 g mol−1 Solubility in water Insoluble (what is: /?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
T-2 is a trichothecene mycotoxin. It is a naturally occurring mold byproduct of Fusarium spp fungus which is toxic to humans and animals. The clinical condition it causes is alimentary toxic aleukia and a host of symptoms related to organs as diverse as the skin, airway, and stomach ingestion may come from consumption of moldy whole grains.
Consideration by Russian scientists of the possible usefulness of T-2 mycotoxin as a biological weapon followed an observation that, after a spring harvest delayed by World War II, flour contaminated with Fusarium was produced and distributed in bread, causing significant morbidity and mortality. T-2 has also been suggested as a cause of the Plague of Athens (430 BC). T-2 is an infrequent contaminant in animal feed.
T-2 was proposed as a cause of Gulf War Syndrome for some United States troops exposed to mortar shells containing T-2 shot by Iraqi forces during the Persian Gulf War. Also, the substance was considered in the investigation of the poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko during his campaign in the Ukrainian presidential election, 2004, though doctors now believe it was the dioxin TCDD.
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mycotoxin — [mī′kō täks΄in, mī′kətäks΄in] n. a toxin produced by a fungus … English World dictionary
Mycotoxin — A mycotoxin (from Greek μύκης (mykes, mukos) “fungus” and Latin (toxicum) “poison”) is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organisms of the fungus kingdom, commonly known as molds. The term ‘mycotoxin’ is usually reserved for the … Wikipedia
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mycotoxin — mikotoksinai statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Kai kurių grybų gaminamos nuodingos medžiagos. atitikmenys: angl. mycotoxin vok. Mykotoxin, n rus. микотоксины … Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas
mycotoxin — noun Date: 1962 a toxic substance produced by a fungus and especially a mold … New Collegiate Dictionary
mycotoxin — n. [Gr. mykes, fungus; toxikon, poison] A low molecular weight metabolite of fungi which is poisonous to animals … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
mycotoxin — /muy koh tok sin/, n. Pathol. a toxin produced by a fungus. [1960 65; MYCO + TOXIN] * * * Toxin produced by a fungus. Numerous and varied, mycotoxins can cause hallucinations, skin inflammation, liver damage, hemorrhages, miscarriage, convulsions … Universalium
mycotoxin — noun any substance, produced by a mold or fungus, that is injurious to vertebrates upon ingestion, inhalation or skin contact … Wiktionary
mycotoxin — Toxic compound produced by certain fungi; some are used for medicinal purposes; e.g., muscarine, psilocybin. * * * my·co·tox·in täk sən n a poisonous substance produced by a fungus and esp. a mold see AFLATOXIN … Medical dictionary
mycotoxin — noun any toxic substance produced by a fungus … English new terms dictionary
mycotoxin — my·co·toxin … English syllables