T-2 mycotoxin

T-2 mycotoxin
CAS number 21259-20-1 YesY
PubChem 5284461
ChemSpider 4447526 YesY
RTECS number YD0100000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C24H34O9
Molar mass 466.52 g mol−1
Solubility in water Insoluble
 N mycotoxin (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

T-2 is a trichothecene mycotoxin. It is a naturally occurring mold byproduct of Fusarium spp fungus which is toxic to humans and animals. The clinical condition it causes is alimentary toxic aleukia and a host of symptoms related to organs as diverse as the skin, airway, and stomach ingestion may come from consumption of moldy whole grains.



Consideration by Russian scientists of the possible usefulness of T-2 mycotoxin as a biological weapon followed an observation that, after a spring harvest delayed by World War II, flour contaminated with Fusarium was produced and distributed in bread, causing significant morbidity and mortality.[citation needed] T-2 has also been suggested as a cause of the Plague of Athens (430 BC).[citation needed] T-2 is an infrequent contaminant in animal feed.

T-2 was proposed as a cause of Gulf War Syndrome for some United States troops exposed to mortar shells containing T-2 shot by Iraqi forces during the Persian Gulf War. Also, the substance was considered in the investigation of the poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko during his campaign in the Ukrainian presidential election, 2004, though doctors now believe it was the dioxin TCDD.

See also

  • Yellow rain


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mycotoxin — [mī′kō täks΄in, mī′kətäks΄in] n. a toxin produced by a fungus …   English World dictionary

  • Mycotoxin — A mycotoxin (from Greek μύκης (mykes, mukos) “fungus” and Latin (toxicum) “poison”)[1][2] is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by organisms of the fungus kingdom, commonly known as molds.[3][4] The term ‘mycotoxin’ is usually reserved for the …   Wikipedia

  • mycotoxin — mikotoksinas statusas Aprobuotas sritis augalų apsauga apibrėžtis Kai kurių grybų gaminama nuodinga medžiaga. atitikmenys: angl. mycotoxin vok. Mykotoxin, n rus. микотоксин, m pranc. mycotoxine, m ryšiai: sinonimas – grybinis toksinas šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • mycotoxin — mikotoksinai statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Kai kurių grybų gaminamos nuodingos medžiagos. atitikmenys: angl. mycotoxin vok. Mykotoxin, n rus. микотоксины …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mycotoxin — noun Date: 1962 a toxic substance produced by a fungus and especially a mold …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mycotoxin — n. [Gr. mykes, fungus; toxikon, poison] A low molecular weight metabolite of fungi which is poisonous to animals …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • mycotoxin — /muy koh tok sin/, n. Pathol. a toxin produced by a fungus. [1960 65; MYCO + TOXIN] * * * Toxin produced by a fungus. Numerous and varied, mycotoxins can cause hallucinations, skin inflammation, liver damage, hemorrhages, miscarriage, convulsions …   Universalium

  • mycotoxin — noun any substance, produced by a mold or fungus, that is injurious to vertebrates upon ingestion, inhalation or skin contact …   Wiktionary

  • mycotoxin — Toxic compound produced by certain fungi; some are used for medicinal purposes; e.g., muscarine, psilocybin. * * * my·co·tox·in täk sən n a poisonous substance produced by a fungus and esp. a mold see AFLATOXIN …   Medical dictionary

  • mycotoxin — noun any toxic substance produced by a fungus …   English new terms dictionary

  • mycotoxin — my·co·toxin …   English syllables