name = Fortaleza
settlement_type = Municipality
official_name = The Municipality of Fortaleza
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Mucuripe Beach in Fortaleza
nickname = "Fortal"
motto = "Fortitudine"
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the State of Ceará
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = flag|Brazil
subdivision_name1 = Northeast
established_title = Founded
April 13, 1726
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 313.8
area_total_sq_mi = 121.1
elevation_m = 21
elevation_ft = 68.9
population_as_of = 2007
population_total = 2,431,415 (5th)
population_metro = 3415455 (93th)
population_density_km2 = 7587.68
population_density_sq_mi = 19611
timezone = BST
utc_offset = -3
blank_name = HDI (2000)
blank_info = 0.786 – medium
website = [http://www.fortaleza.ce.gov.br Fortaleza, Ceará]
Fortaleza (Portuguese for
fortress, pronounced|foxtaˈlezɐ) is the state capitalof Ceará, located in Northeastern Brazil. With a populationof over 3.4 million (metropolitan region), Fortaleza has an area of convert|313|km2|sqmi. To the north of the city lies the Atlantic Ocean; to the south are the cities of Pacatuba, Eusébio, Maracanaúand Itaitinga; to the east is the county of Aquirazand the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west is the city of Caucaia. Residents of the city are known as Fortalezenses. The current mayor is Luizianne Lins. On Beira-mar Avenue, kiosks and restaurants offer cold drinks and regional seafood. At the handcraft fair, many stands show embroidery and leather work, as well as jewelry and regional food. Of the urban beaches in Fortaleza, Praia do Futuro is the most frequented and is characterized by restaurants along the beach, each one with its own musical style and decoration.
statueof Iracema refers to the legend of the Indian which was depicted in a novel by José de Alencar. Mucuripe Beach holds the Lighthouse Museum. Opened in 1846, the lighthouse was active for 111 years, until it was closed in 1957. Dragão do Mar Art and Culture Center holds the Cearense Culture Memorial, the Contemporary ArtMuseum and Rubens de Azevedo Planetarium, as well as movies and theaters. Besides this, many old warehouses were refurbished and became bars and restaurants surrounding the central area of town. There are cuisineand showoptions in the evening.
bars, discos and restaurants, opened every day in the week, besides the characteristic comedy shows that have introduced nationally famous artists. An off-season carnival, Fortal, happens in Fortaleza in July. With a remodeled structure in 2008, the event has parking lots, bleachers, stalls and food court. The event lasts 4 days and around 1.5 million people enjoy the nationally famous axé musicbands. Fortaleza also stages music festivals in Brazil, such as Ceará Music. This yearly event includes local artists and international pop rockstars for 3 days. Around 25 thousand people enjoy the fun and several concerts, electronic musictents, and fashion shows.
Pinto Martins International Airportconnects Fortaleza with major Brazilian cities and also operates international flights. The city is home to the Federal University of Ceará.
source= [http://weather.uk.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:BRXX0093 MSN Weather]
Fortaleza has a typical
tropical climate, with high temperatures and high relative humidity throughout the year. However, these conditions are usually relieved by pleasant winds blowing from the ocean. Average temperatures are not much different throughout the year. December and January are the warmest months, with a high of convert|31|C|F and low of convert|25|C|F. Rainy season goes from February to May (locally called "winter" due to the rain, not the temperature). with average annual temperature of convert|27|C|F. The relative humidity in the airin Fortaleza is 77% with average annual rainfall of convert|1378.3|mm|in.
Generally, Fortaleza is characterized by its
hotness. The city is a very hot one, making it perfect for tanning sessions at the beach. The breezeduring hot days is truly refreshing because wind speed in the cityis generally typical of sea-side cities. The wind direction is from the seatowards the land, or from west towards east. This wind direction accompanied by ideal wind speed makes different wind activities like surfing and kite flying ideal activities in Fortaleza.
weatheris unique in that there is usually rainduring the first six months of the year, or from januaryto june. Expect that during this period, relative humidityis high, making Fortaleza climate extremely uncomfortable during several periods of the day. Relative humidity refers to the condition when water vaporis very much present in the air molecules. This is typical when the day is hot and there is too much moisture in the airfrom a short or sudden rain pour. Fortaleza climateis usually very drylike summer during the months of augustto december, when it is winter in other parts of the world, especially those in the northern hemisphere.
Fortaleza has a
Tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between convert|2000|mm|in and convert|1700|mm|in. The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients. There are several common characteristics of tropical rainforesttrees. Tropical rainforest species frequently possess one or more attributes not commonly seen in trees of higher latitudes or trees in drier conditions on the same latitude.
fullwidth = 1600
fullheight = 307
caption = Panoramic picture of Fortaleza from Cocó Park.
height = 210
Fortaleza's history began on
February 2, 1500, when SpaniardVicente Pinzón landed in Mucuripe's cove and named the new land "Santa Maria de la Consolación". Because of the Treaty of Tordesillas, the discovery was never officially sanctioned. Colonisation began when the Portuguese Pero Coelho de Souza constructed the "Fortim de São Tiago" in the estuary of Ceará River in 1603. Later, the Dutch occupied the Brazilian Northeastand founded the "Fort Schoonenborch". When they were expelled from Ceará, the Portuguese renamed it to Fortaleza de Nossa Senhora da Assunção. In 1726, the town of the fort was raised to the condition of village. In 1799, the Province of Ceará was separated from the Province of Pernambucoand Fortaleza was chosen as its capital.During the 19th century, Fortaleza consolidated as an urban center in Ceará, supported by the sprouting of cottongrowing. With the increase of the direct navigational communications with Europethe Customsof Fortaleza was created in 1812. In 1824, the city became agitated with the revolutionaries of Confederation of the Equator. Between the years of 1846 and 1877, the city goes through a period of enrichment and improvement of the economic activities and urban infrastructures including the exportation of the cotton and the development of diverse workmanships, such as the creation of the 2 secondary school of the Ceará and Mucuripe Lighthouse in 1845, "Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Fortaleza" in 1861, Prainha Seminary in 1864, Public Library in 1867 and the Public transportation network in 1870, which began with the construction of "Railroad of Baturité". In the decades of 1870 and 1880, a period referred to as abolitionism and republican movements culminated in the release of the slaves in the Ceará, on March 25, 1884. The literary movement Spiritual Bakery appeared in 1892 and pioneered the spreading of modern ideas in literature in Brazil. Other entities of the time included the Ceará Institute and Ceara's Academy of Letters established in 1887 and 1894 respectively.In the twentieth century, Fortaleza underwent through big urban changes, with improvements and the rural exodus, and grows mostly happening towards the end of the decade of 1910 and becoming the seventh city in populationof Brazil. In 1954, the first university of the city was, the UFC. Between the decades of 1950 and 1960, the city went through an economic expansion above 100% and began the more distant occupation of neighborhoods of the center. To the end of the years 70 begins its emergence as the future industrial center of the Northeast with the implementation of the Industrial District of Fortaleza. During the political opening after the MilitaryRegime, the people elected the first woman mayor Will Dine, Maria Luiza and became the first city hall commanded by a leftist party. At the end of the century, the administration of the city hall and the city underwent diverse structural changes with the opening of several avenues, hospitals, cultural spaces and emerging as one of the main touristdestinations of the Northeast and of Brazil.
According to a 2007 census conducted by
IBGE, there were 3,427,000 people residing in the Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza. The population density was convert|7587.68|PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi. The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 2,087,043 Pardo(Brown) people (63.2%), 1,199,450 White people (34.0%), 109,000 Black people (2.4%), 30,000 Asian or Amerindian people (0.4%). [cite book |url=ftp://ftp.ibge.gov.br/Indicadores_Sociais/Sintese_de_Indicadores_Sociais_2007/Tabelas |title=Síntese de Indicadores Sociais 2007 |publisher= IBGE|location=Fortaleza, Brazil |format=PDF |isbn=85-240-3919-1 |accessdate=2007-07-18 |year=2007 |language=Portuguese]
One of the main causes of the city's
population growththroughout history was the period of droughts in the hinterland and the consequent escape to the capital city, known as rural exodus, as well as the search for better conditions of job and income. The city's population in the times of Colonial Brazilwas estimated in 200 inhabitants, when Fortaleza was only an administrative unit, a village. The first discrepante point of the population growth of Fortaleza happened between 1865 and 1872 when the construction of the Railroad of Baturité was initiated. As a result of the demand for labour force, the population of the city swelled along with the economy. In 1877 another period of droughts made a great amount of homeless people migrate to Fortaleza and its outskirts. Migrations happened again during the droughts of 1888, 1900, 1915, 1932 and 1942. In these three last periods, concentration camps were set up in the hinterland to prevent the arrival of "retirantes" in the capital, however some surrounding districts like Pirambu and others, most of which with high demographic rates, began having their population grown due to migrations of peasants seduced by the promises of modernityin the greatestcity of Ceará.
In 1922, Fortaleza reached its first hundred thousand
inhabitants with the annexation of the cities of Messejana and Parangaba, now important districts of the city. Parangaba itself had more than 20,000 inhabitants, probably because a railroad station was built there before Fortaleza could have one, which made it receive a great number of "retirantes" from the dry hinterlands.
During the years of 1964–1985 several changes took place in Fortaleza which made the city a central region for industries. Governor Virgílio Távora (1963 - 1966) initiated the implantation of "Industrial District of Fortaleza" (DIF I). One decade later, the city already had about a million inhabitants,
Metropolitan areas were created Brazil (1973), making the city one of them. In 1983 DIF I started to integrate the territory of the new city of Maracanaú, which, just some years ago, was made again part of the Greater Fortaleza (the city's Metropolitan area).
In the 1980s, Fortaleza overcomes
Recifein population terms, becoming the second most populous city in Northeastern Brazil, with 1,308,919 inhabitants. Throughout the last decades of the 20th century the city "swelled" increasingly until its population exceeded two million inhabitants (in 2000). With a current population estimated in 2,458,545 inhabitants, Fortaleza is the 4th most populated city in Brazil, after São Paulo, Rio de Janeiroand Salvador.
IBGE2000. [ [http://www.sidra.ibge.gov.br/bda/tabela/listabl.asp?z=cd&o=7&i=P&c=2094 Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA ] ] "
economyof Fortaleza has his bigger prescription (the GDPpresent is of R$ 19 billion) arising from of the its commerce diversified. To main plaza is the most greatest Center concentrating number of commercial establishments. Another important pole of sale of the products industrialized in Fortitude is the Avenue Monseigneur Tabosa, near to the tourist pole of the Iracema Beach. Exist in the several city shoppings among the biggest they have the Iguatemi, North Shopping, Aldeota, Del Paseo, and others, but still has, unfortunately, many problems of Sanitation and slums. The industryhas in the output of footwear, products textiles, leathers, skins and sustenances, beyond the extraction of big minerals highlight in the local economy.
Presently, Fortaleza offers wide and diversified options of spaces, which allows different kinds of events to be promoted, ranging from small
businessmeetings to nationaland international congresses and fairs that receive thousands of people. The biggest and best equipped space for events available in the State of Ceará is the Convention Center in Fortaleza. Besides this one, many hotels, business centers and other establishments also offer adequate spaces to stage events with comfort and professionalism.
GDPfor the city was R$ 19,734,557,000 (2005). [cite book |url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf |title=GDP |publisher= IBGE|location=Fortaleza, Brazil |format=PDF |isbn=85-240-3919-1 |accessdate=2007-07-18 |year=2005 |page=21 |language=Portuguese]
per capita incomefor the city was R$ 8,309 (2005). [cite book |url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf |title=per capita income |publisher= IBGE|location=Fortaleza, Brazil |format=PDF |isbn=85-240-3919-1 |accessdate=2007-07-18 |year=2005 |language=Portuguese]
Higher education in Fortaleza is provided by a vast number of public and private institutions. Fortaleza is home to some of the most important universities and research centres in northeast Brazil.
Universidade Federal do Ceará(UFC), (public, federal, free of charge);
Universidade Estadual do Ceará(UECE), (public, state-owned, free of charge);
* Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica do Ceará (CEFET-CE), (public, federal, free of charge);
* Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR), (main private university);
* Universidade do Vale do Acaraú (Uva), (private);
* Universidade Regional do Cariri (URCA);
* Faculdade Farias Brito (FFB);
* Faculdade Integrada do Ceará (FIC);
* Faculdade 7 de Setembro (FA7);
* Faculdade Christus
* Faculdades do Nordeste (FANOR)
* Faculdade Latino-Americana de Educação (FLATED)
* Faculdade Ateneu (FATE)
* Faculdade Lourenço Filho
Since the end of the 19th century, the city has been home to various cultural institutions. The Instituto do Ceará (Ceará Institute) was established in 1887, and conducts research in history, geography and anthropology. The Academia Cearense de Letras (Cearense Academy of Letters) was the first institution of the sort in the country, established on
August 15 1894. In 1892, Fortaleza was the site of a cultural movement of literary expression called "Spiritual Bakery". There are many other cultural centers, such as the Banco do Nordeste Cultural Centre and the Dragão do Mar Center of Art and Culture. The folkloreof Fortaleza is rich and diverse, and has roots in a mixture of beliefs originating from white colonisers and native groups. Minor, but also considered important, are Syrian-Lebanese and African traditions.
Some of the cultural manifestations are:
*Bumba-meu-boi or Boi-Ceará: songs and dances of a religious cult to the ox, with Portuguese roots.
*Torém: dance originated by the tremembés.
*Violeiros, cantadores and emboladores: musical manifestations expressing social criticism, has typical northeast origins.
*Maracatu: Dance and music, the Fortaleza maractu is of the Baque Virado or Nação lines and is celebrated during carnivals.
*Dança do coco: originated by Afro-Brazilians. On the beach it is just for men and in the hinterland it is danced in pairs.
Carnivalseason is famous the worldover for its spectacle and impressive display of acrobatic dance and arts performance. Through the streets of Fortaleza, the Carnaval brings the sambaspirit together with joyous festivities as a celebration of Fortaleza's past, its diverse culture and its promising future. In true Brazilian style, the Fortaleza carnivalseason is a major celebrationof artand culture.
streets of the cityduring the carnivalseason, tourists can witness dancing and singing, accompanied by processions of brass bands. There are also colourful displays and shows placed on open trucks as part of a paradetravelling across the city. In areas like Avenida Beira-mar, the residents organise sessions of dancing in the streets, tourists can participate and witness the friendly vibrant atmosphere that the Fortaleza Carnival creates.
Fortaleza is the home of numerous
landmarks. They include:
* Teatro José de Alencar;
* Farol do Mucuripe;
* Fortaleza's Cathedral;
* Estátua de Iracema;
* Forte Nan de Praire Statue;
* Forte de Nossa Senhora da Assunção;
Palácio da Luz;
cuisineincluedes feijoada, churrasco, rice and beans. There are some dishes that are typical of the Northeast of Brazil, such as macaxeira, tapioca, carne de sol. The best restaurants in Fortaleza in 2005, as ranked by "Veja" magazine, were: [ [http://www.visitfortaleza.com/restaurants/best-restaurants.html Best restaurants in Fortaleza ] ]
* Best restaurant in Fortaleza: Alimenta Bistrô;
* Best Regional Food: Colher de Pau;
* Best Italian restaurant: Pulcinella;
* Best French restaurant: Lautrec;
* Best Japanese restaurant: Kingyo;
* Best Pizza: Vignoli;
* Best Beef: Santa Grelha;
* Best Fish and Seafood: Milmar;
* Best Feijoada: Mucuripe Grill.
Tourism and recreation
The warm climate, warm ocean waters and the sandy beaches attract tourists. In recent years, many of the old hotels have been replaced by
European-owned international resorts.Nightlife is full of festivities with bars, restaurants and shows as the primary attraction.The city is known for having the "wildest Monday nights in the world" [cite web|url = http://www.pirata.com.br/portal_pirata2007/midia/imprensa/trace_urban_magazine/index.html | title = Pirata and the souled-out dancers | publisher = Trace (magazine)| accessdate = 2000-06-27 ] . Some of the best bars and clubs are found near Dragão do Mar Center of Art and Culture. The Praia de Iracema (Iracema's beach), the first urban nuclei of the city, is home to many bars and restaurants. It includes the Ponte dos Ingleses (Bridge of the Englishmen) which is an ideal location for watching the sunsetand spotting dolphins.
Fortaleza's urban beaches have warm waters. The scenery is complemented by the
jangadas (small rafts used by many of Ceará's fishermen) for catching seafood for the Ceará cuisine. The Praia do Futuro (Beach of the Future) is a popular location with many beachside restaurants, built in the local style using carnauba straw and called "Barracas de Praia" (Beach Huts).
Urban beaches in Fortaleza
Fortaleza has about convert|25|km|mi of urban
beaches. From North to South, the urban beaches of Fortaleza are Iracema, Meireles, Mucuripe and Praia do Futuro. Each beach has its own peculiarities.
Iracema is the bohemian beach. Partiers (locals and tourists alike) start to gather in the afternoon and stay until the morning. For example, the Cultural Center Dragão do Mar and the night club Pirata are in Iracema, amidst a profusion of restaurants and bars.
Meireles is where locals and tourists go to stroll, bring their children to the several play grounds, drink a coconut, sit down and watch people passing by. The "feirinha de artesanato" (handicraft marke) is in Meireles. Meireles is also the area with the highest number of hotels in Fortaleza.
Mucuripe is the place of jangadas. Still used by fishermen to go into high seas, jangadas can be seen along the way during the afternoon and evenings, and returning from the sea in the morning; part of the catch of the day is sold in an old style fish market. Also, the boat trips leave from this area.
Praia do Futuro is about convert|7|km|mi long, and is the preferred one for bathing and surfing. Praia do Futuro was made famous by its barracas (rustic restaurants built on the beach sand), which offer excellent food and local musical shows.
Pinto Martins International Airportis the main airport of the city. The passenger terminal is air conditioned and has four levels. The basement level has parking for 1,000 cars as well as automatic teller machines and a stop for regular city buses. The ground level has 31 check-in counters, airline offices, car rental agencies, special tourist information, a juvenile court bureau to facilitate travel of minors, a National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC) office, information counter, passenger arrival area and access to two taxi stops. The second level contains shops, a food courtand domestic and international boarding lounges. The top floor has a beer garden and panoramic deck overlooking the maneuvering apron with a view of the Fortaleza skyline. The apron is convert|152857|m2|sqft and can accommodate 14 aircraft at once in pre-established positions (“boxes”).
airlinesoperating out of Fortaleza are Cabo Verde Airlines (code-sharing with TAP), TAM, Varig, GOL and TAP. Delta Airlines has announced the inauguration of direct service to the USA starting 18 December 2008 along the following routing: Atlanta- Recife-Fortaleza- Atlanta. The airport also frequently receives domestic and international charter flights. The passenger terminal, opened in 1998, was designed to have a useful life of 50 years. The former terminal, called the General Aviation Terminal, is now used for general aviation and the fire brigade. The control toweris located alongside. Construction of a cargo terminal is the next big step planned by Infraero. The new terminal will have roughly eight thousand square meters, boosting the cargo storage and handling capacity fourfold. Plans then call for the new terminal to be integrated with highway and railroad links.
Fortaleza's road traffic is monitored and controlled by a system of intelligent semaphores, traffic cameras, and Led Light Message Boards. This system is known by the acronym CTAFOR wich stands for "Controle de Tráfego em Área de Fortaleza" (portuguese for Area Traffic Control of Fortaleza).
Streets in Fortaleza have poor pavement in many areas. Tourists should be advised to drive carefully in order to avoid Fortaleza's many potholes.
* Natal: convert|533|km|mi;
João Pessoa: convert|688|km|mi;
* São Luís: convert|1070|km|mi;
* Salvador: convert|1403|km|mi;
Rio de Janeiro: convert|2838|km|mi;
São Paulo: convert|3144|km|mi.
The city's railroad system is part of the Brazilian Company of Urban Trains (
CBTU) and links Fortaleza to three other cities. It is used mainly by people from distant metropolitan areas (e.g., Maracanaú), since it is rather old and poorly maintained, and does not meet the demands of inner city commuters. Therefore, a new underground system known as MetroFor has been engineered by the state government. After years of delay and interruptions, the plans have been recently resumed, with the improvement of existing lines and construction of new underground stations. It is expected to be finished by 2010. Currently, a total of 22 stations are in operation: 13 in the south line and eight in the west line beyond the central station. 14 new stations are yet to be added to the system, three of which will be subterranean, as a part of the restructuring effort.
The Port of Fortaleza is located an artificial port located in the Mucuripe inlet. The quay is convert|1054|m|ft wide. It contains an exclusive-mooring platform for oil-producing. Its warehouse area is convert|6000|m2|sqft wide and offers more than convert|100000|m2|sqft for container placing. It also contains two wheat mills and is interconnected to the railway system by an extensive maneuver area.
List of neighborhoods in Fortaleza:
* Alagadiço Novo
* Alto da Balança
* Álvaro Weyne
* Amadeu Furtado
* Antônio Bezerra
* Autran Nunes
* Barra do Ceará
* Bela Vista
* Bom Futuro
* Bom Jardim
* Bom Sucesso
* Cais do Porto
* Carlito Pamplona
* Cidade 2000
* Cidade dos Funcionários
* Conjunto Ceará
* Conjunto Cearazinho
* Conjunto Esperança
* Conjunto Palmeiras
* Couto Fernandes
* Cristo Redentor
* Demócrito Rocha
* Dionísio Torres
* Dias Macedo
* Dom Lustosa
* Édson Queirós
* Eng Luciano Cavalcante
* Farias Brito
* Granja Lisboa
* Granja Portugal
* Henrique Jorge
* Jardim América
* Jardim Cearense
* Jardim das Oliveiras
* Jardim Guanabara
* Jardim Iracema
* João XXIII
* Joaquim Távora
* Jóquei Clube
* José Bonifácio
* Lagoa Redonda
* Manuel Sátiro
* Mata Galinha
* Monte Castelo
* Moura Brasil
* Padre Andrade
* Panamericano (Fortaleza)
* Parque Araxá
* Parque Dois Irmãos
* Parque Iracema
* Parque Manibaú
* Praia de Iracema
* Praia do Futuro
* Prefeito José Válter
* Presidente Kennedy
* Presidente Vargas
* Quintino Cunha
* Rodolfo Teófilo
* Santa Rosa
* São Gerardo
* São João do Tauapé
* São José
* Vicente Pinzón
* Vila Eleri
* Vila Peri
* Vila União
* Vila Velha
The most popular sport in Fortaleza, like the rest of
Brazil, is Soccer. The main games of the Ceará State Championship are played in Fortaleza. There are several association football(soccer) clubs in Fortaleza. The most important ones are Ceará SC, Fortaleza EC and Ferroviário AC. Ceará Club and Fortaleza Club belong to Brazilian Soccer Championship's second league, while Ferroviário plays no national league this season. Fortaleza is one of the 18 remaining candidates to host games of the 2014 FIFA World Cupin Brazil.
Beisdes Soccer, Fortaleza is also home to nautical sports. Strong winds make Praia do Futuro beach an excellent place for this kind of practice. Fortaleza commonly hosts world competitions of
surfing, windsurfingand kitesurfing. Additionally, Fortaleza is a natural brewer of high-level athletes in combat sports, as evidenced by several Fortalezans' recent success in mixed martial arts. [cite web|url = http://blog.mmapredictions.com/2007/07/14/move-over-rio-make-room-for-fortaleza/ | title = Move Over Rio, Make Room for Fortaleza | publisher = MMAPredictions | accessdate = 2007-07-16 ] Only a 30 minutes drive from Fortaleza there is the center of Kitesurfing , Cumbuco. Great wind from June till February. [ [http://www.Cumbuco.com Cumbuco.com the largest english portal for Cumbuco] ]
Humberto de Alencar Castello Branco
José de Alencar
Rachel de Queiroz
Fortaleza's sister cities are:
*pt icon [http://www.fortaleza.ce.gov.br/ Fortaleza City Hall home page]
*pt icon [http://www.cmfor.ce.gov.br Fortaleza City Council home page]
*pt icon [http://www.setfor.fortaleza.ce.gov.br/ Fortaleza Tourism Office home page]
*pt icon [http://www.metrofor.ce.gov.br Fortaleza Metro Underground home page]
*pt icon [http://www.fortalezaconvention.com.br Fortaleza Convention & Visitors Bureau]
*en icon [http://www.fortalezabeaches.com/ Fortaleza Beaches]
*en icon [http://www.visitfortaleza.com/ Visit Fortaleza]
*pt icon [http://www.maisceara.com.br Guide of Websites in Fortalza]
*en icon [http://www.brazilinfo.co.uk/ Brazil Info Fortaleza Guide]
*en icon [http://www.canoa-quebrada.es/english/ Fortaleza beach]
*pt icon [http://www.ceara.com.br/ Fortaleza Guide]
*nl icon [http://www.tourist-info-fortaleza.com/ Informatie en Bezienswaardigheden in Fortaleza]
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