Nutuk


Nutuk
Mustafa Kemal presenting the Nutuk at the Assembly, 1927

Nutuk (Modern Turkish: Söylev) was a speech delivered by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk from 15 to 20 October 1927, addressed to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The speech covered the events between the start of the Turkish War of Independence on May 19, 1919 and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey, in 1923. It is an important source for the study of Kemalism. It takes 1917 to 1930. It took thirty-six hours (on a 6 day span) to be read by Atatürk.

About two-thirds of this speech consists a series of harsh criticism against the following individuals:

Kiasim Kara Bekir Pasha, Rauf Bey (Orbay), Refet Pasha (Bele), Mersinli Djemal Pasha (Mersinli), Nureddin Pasha, Kara Vasıf Bey (Karakol), Zeki Bey (Kadirbeyoğlu), Djelaleddin Arif Bey, Djafer Tayyar Pasha (Eğilmez), Ali Ihsan Pasha (Sâbis), Bekir Sami Bey (Kunduh), Rıza Nur Bey, Edhem Bey and his brothers, Selahaddin Bey (Köseoğlu), Hussein Avni Bey (Ulaş), Ali Rıza Pasha, Sherif Pasha, Ahmet Izzet Pasha (Furgaç), Çürüksulu Mahmud Pasha...