- Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter
name =Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter
office =Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
December 16, 1839
March 4, 1841
Martin Van Buren
James K. Polk
successor =John White
order2 =Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Virginia's 8th district
March 4, 1837
March 3, 1843
order3 =Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Virginia's 9th district
March 4, 1845
March 3, 1847
Richard L. T. Beale
order4 =United States Senator
March 4, 1847
March 28, 1861
William S. Archer
John S. Carlile
Confederate States Secretary of State
July 25, 1861
February 22, 1862
Judah P. Benjamin
order6 =Confederate States Senator
February 18, 1862
May 10, 1865
April 21, 1809
Essex County, Virginia
July 18, 1887(aged 78)
Essex County, Virginia
University of Virginia
net worth =
Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (
April 21, 1809– July 18, 1887) American statesman, was born in Essex County, Virginia.
He entered the
University of Virginiain his seventeenth year and was one of its first graduates; he then studied law at the Winchester (Va.) Law School, and in 1830 was admitted to the bar. From 1835 to 1837 he was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates.
From 1837 to 1843, and again from 1845 to 1847, he was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. He served as
Speaker of the Housefrom 1839 to 1841, and is the youngest person to have ever held that position. From 1847 to 1861 he was in the Senate, where he was chairman of the Committee on Finance(1850-1861). He is credited with having brought about a reduction of the quantity of silver in the smaller coins. He was the author of the Tariff Act of 1857and of the bonded-warehouse system, and was one of the first to advocate civil service reform. In 1853 he declined President Millard Fillmore's offer to make him Secretary of State.
At the National Democratic Convention at
Charleston, South Carolinain 1860, he was the Virginia delegations choice as candidate for the presidency of the United States, but was defeated for the nomination by Stephen A. Douglas. Hunter did not regard Lincoln's election as being of itself a sufficient cause for secession, and on January 11, 1861he proposed an elaborate but impracticable scheme for the adjustment of differences between the North and the South, but when this and several other efforts to the same end had failed he quietly urged his own state to pass the ordinance of secession.
From 1861 to 1862 he was the
Confederate States Secretary of State; and from 1862 to 1865 was a member of the Confederate Senate,, in which he was, at times, a caustic critic of the Davis administration. He served as President pro tempore of the Confederate Senate. He was one of the commissioners to treat at the Hampton Roads Conferencein 1865, and after the surrender of General Lee was summoned by President Lincoln to Richmond to confer regarding the restoration of Virginia in the Union. From 1874 to 1880 he was treasurer of Virginia, and from 1885 until his death near Lloyds, Virginia, was collector of the Port of Tappahannock, Virginia.
Among his works was "
Origin of the Late War", about the causes of the Civil War.
See Martha T Hunter, "A Memoir of Robert MT Hunter" (Washington, 1903) for his private life, and DR Anderson, "Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter", in the John P Branch Historical Papers of
Randolph Macon College(vol. ii. No. 2, 1906), for his public career.
In 1942, a
United States Liberty shipnamed the SS "Robert M. T. Hunter" was launched. She was scrapped in 1971.
He was pictured on the Confederate $10.00 bill.
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8321194 Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter] at
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Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter — (* 21. April 1809 in Mount Pleasant, Essex County, Virginia; † 18. Juli 1887 in Lloyds, Virginia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Außenminister der Konföderierten Staaten von Amerika (CSA) sowie der 18. Spr … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Hunter — /hun teuhr/, n. 1. John, 1728 93, Scottish surgeon, physiologist, and biologist. 2. Robert Mercer Taliaferro /merr seuhr tol euh veuhr/, 1809 87, U.S. political leader: Speaker of the House 1839 41. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in… … Universalium
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