- Postage stamps and postal history of the People's Republic of China
postal servicein China goes back some 2,500 years, modern postal services were not established until 1877 by the Qing government. The postal system of the People's Republic of Chinawas established as the General Postal Administrationin Beijingin 1949, growing out of the posts that had been operating for several years in the liberated areas. Development was slow; by 1949 there was only 1 post office for every 370 square kilometers. Several of the liberated areas continued to operate their own postal systems; most were ordered to stop selling regional stamp issues by June 30, 1950, while the Northeast Liberation Areaand the Port Arthur and Dairen Post and Telegraph Administration continued to use their own stamps (due to the different currencies) until the end of 1950.
The unified administration issued its first
postage stamps on October 8, 1949, consisting of a set of four depicting a lantern and the Gate of Heavenly Peace, commemorating the 1st session of the Chinese People's Consultative Political Conference. This issue also inaugurated the innovative practice of numbering each type of stamp issued, usually in the lower left corner. For instance, the $800 value in the Dove of Peaceissue of 1950 is numbered "5.3-2", indicating that it is the second stamp of three in the fifth stamp issue of China. The practice is only followed for commemorative and special stamps, regular definitive stamps having no special markings.
The first definitive series came in February 1950, and featured the Gate of Heavenly Peace against a background of clouds. The nine values ranged from $200 to $10,000. The design was modified several times over the next year, and again in 1954, resulting in what
philatelistscall the "second" through "sixth" issues, each varying in minor ways, such as the layout of the clouds.
The postal system found it necessary to
surchargestamps of the previous government, with issues in March and August 1950, and May 1951. In addition, leftover stamps of the Northeastern Provinceswere pressed into service in July 1950, and those of East Chinain December 1950.
In the meantime, various commemoratives marked conferences and other events of the young republic. In June 1952 a set of forty stamps depicting physical exercises was issued in conjunction with a radio program; ten exercises were illustrated, each with a block of four, where each stamp shows a different position of arms and legs for the exercise.
postal servicewas established rapidly in the 1950s and 1960s. By 1952 the principal postal networks centered on the capital, Beijing, and links to all large cities had been established. Great progress was made in improving the postal service under the First Five-Year Plan. Postal service was also developed in the rural areas. Besides extending rural postal routes, the problem of delivering mail deliveryby rural postal workers was tried in agricultural cooperatives, and in 1956 this system was extended throughout the country. By 1959 the national postal network was complete.
Postal service was administered by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (now the
Ministry of Information Industry), which was established in 1949 and reestablished in 1973 after a two-year period during which the postal and telecommunications functions had been separated and the ministry downgraded to a subministerial level.
In 1984 China had 53,000 post and telecommunications offices and 5 million kilometers of postal routes, including 240,000 kilometers of railroad postal routes, 624,000 kilometers of highway postal routes, and 230,000 kilometers of
airmailroutes. By 1985 post offices were handling 4.7 billion first-class letters and 25 billion newspapers and periodicals. In 1987, after a six-year hiatus, six-digit postal codes were ordered to be put into use.
For many years, China was not a member of the
Universal Postal Union, and while using Arabic numerals for the denominations, did not include the country's name in Latin letters as required of UPU nations. The addition of "CHINA" to stamps' inscriptions began in 1992. Western collectors typically differentiate earlier stamps both by the serial numbers in the lower corner, and by the first character of the country name 中, the "square box with a vertical bar" being visually distinct from the inscription used by any other Asian country.
Postal code of China
List of postal codes in China
China Post, national postal service
Stanley GibbonsLtd: various catalogues
* [http://www.jl.sl.btinternet.co.uk/stampsite/home.html Encyclopaedia of Postal History]
* Stuart Rossiter & John Flower: "The Stamp Atlas"loc [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/cntoc.html]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Postage stamps and postal history of China — The history of the postage stamps and postal history of China is complicated by the gradual decay of Imperial China and the years of civil war and Japanese occupation in the 1930s and 1940s. Contents 1 Imperial China 2 Revolution and republic 2.1 … Wikipedia
Postage stamps and postal history of Germany — This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Germany and philatelically related areas. The main modern providers of service were the Reichspost (1871 1945), the Deutsche Post of the GDR (1949 1990), the Deutsche Bundespost (1949… … Wikipedia
Postage stamps and postal history of Australia — This is an overview of the postage stamps and postal history of Australia.The six self governing Australian colonies that formed the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901 operated their own postal service and issued their own stamps – see… … Wikipedia
Postage stamps and postal history of Malaysia — A 1905 stamp of Malaya. This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Malaysia. Contents 1 History … Wikipedia
Postage stamps and postal history of India — * For the states with their own stamps, See: main|Stamps and postal history of Indian states * For current information on India Post, See: main|Indian Postal ServiceThis is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of India. As the… … Wikipedia
Telecommunications in the People's Republic of China — Telecommunications in China redirects here. For the industry, see Telecommunications industry in China. This article is about Communications in the People s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau (see Communications in Hong Kong and… … Wikipedia
Communications in the People's Republic of China — Telecommunications in China redirects here. For the industry, see Telecommunications industry in China. This article is about Communications in the People s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau (see Communications in Hong Kong and… … Wikipedia
List of entities that have issued postage stamps (A - E) — ;See also : List of entities that have issued postage stamps (F L): List of entities that have issued postage stamps (M Z)IntroductionThis is a list of entities that have issued postage stamps at some point since stamps were introduced in 1840.… … Wikipedia
China Post — Not to be confused with The China Post. China Post Industry Post Headquarters Jia8, Beilishi Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, People s Republic of China Area served Mainland China … Wikipedia
China Stamp Society — Type New York not for profit organization Founded 1936 Location Columbus, Ohio, USA Key people board of directors Area served worldwide Focus … Wikipedia