- Hall of Columns
The Hall of Columns is a more than one hundred foot long hallway lined with twenty-eight fluted columns in the south wing extension of the
United States Capitol. It is also the gallery for eighteen statues of the National Statuary Hall Collection.
The Hall of Columns emerged as part of the necessitated expansion of the north and south wings in the mid-nineteenth century due to the expansion of the
United Stateswestward and addition of more states to the union. The original chambers of the House of Representatives and the Senate had become too crowded with the additional senators and representatives. Under the guidance of Architect of the Capitol Thomas U. Walter, plans were drawn up to expand the two wings and build new, larger chambers for both houses. [ [http://www.aoc.gov/cc/capitol/capitol_construction.cfm Architect of the Capitol (AoC) site on Capitol Construction history.] ] Built directly beneath the Chamber of the House of Representatives, construction had begun sometime before 1855, with the implementation of a cast ironceiling, forged in Baltimore by the foundry Hayward, Bartlett, and Co. [ [http://www.aoc.gov/cc/capitol/hall_of_columns.cfm AoC site on Hall of Columns.] ] The walls, themselves, were made with an imitation marbleknown as scagliola. The floor was set with imported encaustic Minton tilesfrom England(the same still found in the Brumidi Corridors), but were eventually replaced in the 1920's with a floor of Alabamaand New Yorkmarble. By 1856, all the columns, made from marble quarried from Lee, Massachusetts, were finished and set in place. [ [http://www.aoc.gov/cc/capitol/hall_of_columns.cfm AoC site on Hall of Columns.] ]
The capitals of the columns are based on Corinthian columns, but adjusted to reflect an American style with the usage of thistles and native
tobaccoleaves. [ [http://www.aoc.gov/cc/capitol/hall_of_columns.cfm AoC site on Hall of Columns.] ]
National Statuary Hall Collection
Francis Preston Blairfrom Missouri, in marble by Alexander Doylein 1899.
Charles Carrollfrom Maryland, in bronze, by Richard E. Brooks in 1903.
Zachariah Chandlerfrom Michigan, in marble, by Charles H. Niehausin 1913.
Jacob Collamerfrom Vermont, in marble, by Preston Powersin 1881.
Jabez L. M. Curryfrom Alabama, in marble, by Dante Sodiniin 1908.
James Z. Georgefrom Mississippi, in bronze, by Augustus Lukemanin 1931.
Nathanael Greenefrom Rhode Island, in marble, by Henry Kirke Brownin 1870.
Ernest Grueningfrom Alaska, in bronze, by George Anthonisenin 1977.
*James Harlan from
Iowa, in bronze, by Nellie V. Walkerin 1910.
Mother Josephfrom Washington, in bronze, by Felix W. de Weldonin 1980.
Philip Kearnyfrom New Jersey, in bronze, by Henry Kirke Brownin 1888.
John E. Kennafrom West Virginia, in marble, by Alexander Doylein 1901.
Thomas Starr Kingfrom California, in bronze, by Haig Patigianin 1931.
Eusebio Kinofrom Arizona, in marble, by Suzanne Silvercruysin 1965.
Julius Sterling Mortonfrom Nebraska, in bronze, by Rudulph Evansin 1937.
James Shieldsfrom Illinois, in bronze, by Leonard W. Volkin 1893.
Edmund Kirby Smithfrom Florida, in bronze, by C. Adrian Pillarsin 1922.
Joseph Wardfrom South Dakota, in marble, by Bruno Beghéin 1963.
Sarah Winnemuccafrom Nevada, in bronze, by Benjamin Victorin 2005.
John Winthropfrom Massachusetts, in marble, by Richard S. Greenoughin 1876.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Art collections of Holkham Hall — Holkham Hall in Norfolk has extensive contents which include:Collections [ piano nobile at Holkham, showing the four symmetrical wings at each corner of the principal block. South is at the top of the plan. A Marble Hall; B The Saloon; C Statue… … Wikipedia
National Statuary Hall Collection — Part of the National Statuary Hall Collection The National Statuary Hall Collection in the United States Capitol comprises statues donated by individual states to honor persons notable in their history. Originally set up in the old Hall of the… … Wikipedia
National Statuary Hall Collection — Partie de la collection de la National Statuary Hall Le National Statuary Hall Collection des États Unis d Amérique est une collection de statues données individuellement par chacun des 50 États dans le but d honorer deux de leurs plus honorables … Wikipédia en Français
Robert A. Hall — Robert A. Hall, CAE, served five terms in the Massachusetts State Senate.Political careerHe was first elected in 1972, the year he graduated from U Mass, by a margin of nine votes out of over 60,000 cast. He was the first Republican elected in… … Wikipedia
St. George's Hall, Liverpool — Infobox Historic building caption=St George s Hall name=St George s Hall latitude=53.4086 longitude= 2.9801 location town=Liverpool location country=ENG architect=Harvey Lonsdale Elmes Sir Charles Cockerell client= engineer=Sir Robert Rawlinson… … Wikipedia
Old City Hall (Toronto) — Old City Hall Toronto s Old City Hall Former names City Hall General information Type civi … Wikipedia
Academic Hall — was the original main building of the University of Missouri. It was dedicated in 1843 and destroyed by fire in 1892. Academic Hall s six Ionic columns stand as the most recognizable symbol of the the University of Missouri. History Academic Hall … Wikipedia
Entrance Hall — The Entrance Hall looking northwest during the administration of George W. Bush … Wikipedia
Crewe Hall — Crewe Hall: south face and entrance gates Crewe Hall is a Jacobean mansion located near Crewe Green, east of Crewe, in Cheshire, England. Described by Nikolaus Pevsner as one of the two finest Jacobean houses in Cheshire … Wikipedia
Convocation Hall (University of Toronto) — Convocation Hall Facing north Convocation Hall is a domed … Wikipedia