- J. Michael Bishop
name = J. Michael Bishop
image_width = 150px
caption = J. Michael Bishop
February 22, 1936
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicinein 1989; National Medal of Sciencein 2003
John Michael Bishop (born
February 22, 1936) is an American immunologistand microbiologistwho won the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He currently serves as an active faculty member and chancellor at the [http://www.ucsf.edu/ University of California, San Francisco] .
Bishop was born in
Pennsylvania. He attended Gettysburg Collegeas an undergraduate, then earned an MD from Harvard Universityin 1962.
He began his career working for the
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a part of the National Institutes of Health. He then spent a year working for the Heinrich-Pette Institutein Hamburg, Germanybefore joining the faculty of the University of California, San Francisco. Bishop has remained on the school's faculty since 1968, and has been chancellor of the university since 1998.
Bishop is best known for his Nobel-winning work on retroviral
oncogenes. Working with Harold E. Varmusin the 1980s, he discovered the first human oncogene, c-Src. Their findings allowed the understanding of how malignant tumors are formed from changes to the normal genes of a cell. These changes can be produced by viruses, by radiation, or by exposure to some chemicals.
Bishop is also a recipient of
National Medal of Sciencein 2003.
* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1989/bishop-autobio.html Nobel autobiography]
* [http://www.ucsf.edu/hooper/bishop/bishop%20homepage.htm Bishop Lab Webpage]
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