Etat


Etat

Etat is a Norwegian state-, county- or municipal agency. An "Etat" is a subdivision of the administration, which has been given responsibility for a special area. An agency does not have a board of directors, but it does have a director, appointed by the subordinate organization. Normally decisions made by the agency can be appealed to the higher body. State agencies are subordinate to one particular ministry, and appeals are made to the Minister.

Government agencies are often given names ending in directorate, inspectorate, administration ("verk") or authority. Among the organisations organised as agencies are the universities and colleges. All government agencies are audited by the Office of the Auditor General of Norway. Municipalities and counties often divide their organization into "etats", with only the central administration left in the core. Typically these agencies then are responsible for schools, healthcare, culture etc.

Privatization

There has been a tendency, especially amongst right-winged politicians, to convert some agencies to limited companies or state enterprises (or their county/municipal equivalent). Some have even been privatized. One such example of converting agencies to enterprises is that all the hospitals are organised as health trusts, owned again by four regional health authorities.


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  • état — état …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • ÉTAT — Les définitions de l’État sont innombrables. Cette multiplicité tient à la diversité des points de vue auxquels se placent leurs auteurs. Le géographe identifie l’État à un territoire, le sociologue le confond avec le fait de la différenciation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Etat — État Pour les articles homonymes, voir État (homonymie). L’État[note 1],[note 2] est une des formes d organisation politique et juridique d une société (en tant que communauté de citoyens ou de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Etat — bezeichnet: ein festes Budget das für den Haushaltsplan verfügbare Geld Chemins de fer de l’État (Frankreich) (ETAT; 1878 bis 1938), eine Eisenbahngesellschaft Etat 230.9, eine Serie von Lokomotiven Siehe auch:  Wiktionary: Etat –… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • etat — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. etatacie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} stałe stanowisko pracy, stała posada w pełnym wymiarze godzin : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Pełny etat. Etat woźnego, sekretarki. Przyjąć… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Etat — (fransk état) kommer af det italienske stato (latin: status), som oprindelig betyder tilstand, deraf ordet status, men derefter gik over til at betyde dels 1) Stand overhovedet (stænder), 2) dels særlig statens tilstand og 3) endelig til at… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Etat — Sm (Plan für) Haushalt, Finanzmittel (eines Staates) erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. état, eigentlich Zustand , dieses aus l. status Zustand , zu l. stāre (statum) stehen .    Ebenso ne. estate, nfrz. état. Zur Sippe des… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Etat — (fr., spr. Etah), 1) Beschaffenheit, Zustand, so Etat de siège, Belagerungszustand; 2) Staat; daher Etatsminister, so v.w. Staatsminister, u. Etatsrath, so v.w. Staatsrath; 3) Kostenüberschlag u. die darnach getroffenen Einrichtungen eines… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Etat — [e ta:] der; s, s <aus fr. état »Staat, Staatshaushalt«, eigtl. »Zustand, Beschaffenheit«, dies aus lat. status »Stand, Zustand« zu stare »stehen«>: 1. a) [Staats]haushaltsplan; b) [Geld]mittel, die über einen begrenzten Zeitraum für… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • etat — ètāt m <G etáta> DEFINICIJA 1. reg. zast. etad 2. razdoblje predviđeno za sječu drvne mase u šumi 3. tipogr. u grafičkoj umjetnosti, faza u obradi ploče koja prethodi njenom konačnom oblikovanju u matricu za izradu otisaka ETIMOLOGIJA fr.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal


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