- Mora (military unit)
A mora (Greek: μόρα) was an ancient Spartan military unit of about a sixth of the Spartan army, at approx. 600 men by modern estimates, although Xenophon places it at 6000. This can be reconciled by the nature of the Spartan army with an organisation based on year classes, with only the younger troops being mobilised for all but the gravest emergencies. Either way, it was the largest tactical unit in Sparta if not all Greece and was often the only force sent out on campaign.
A mora was composed of hoplites, men armed with spears, swords and the heavy aspis shield and armoured in a cuirass, greaves and a Corinthian helmet. The unit was led by a Polemarch, the third (or arguably second) highest rank in Spartan hierarchy after the kings. However, sometimes there was a higher rank, that of Strategos, most famously held by Lysander. During the time of pure phalanx combat in Greece, the mora was a very difficult obstacle for an opposing commander to negotiate. However, Iphicrates of Athens used a small, elite group of lightly armed peltasts to destroy one.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Mora — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 2.1 Cameroon 2.2 Costa Rica 2.3 Cyprus … Wikipedia
Croatia — … Wikipedia
Phalanx formation — Phalanx redirects here. For other uses, see Phalanx (disambiguation). The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ, Modern Greek: φάλαγγα, phālanga; plural phalanxes or phalanges; Ancient and Modern Greek: φάλαγγες, phālanges) is a rectangular mass… … Wikipedia
Guyana — Guyanese /guy euh neez , nees /, n., adj. /guy an euh, ah neuh/, n. an independent republic on the NE coast of South America: a former British protectorate; gained independence 1966; member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 706,116; 82,978 sq. mi.… … Universalium
Lokhos — A lókhos or lochos (plural lokhoi ), from the Greek λόχος, was a tactical sub unit of Classical Greece and of the modern Greek army. The term derived from the ancient Greek for ambush and the men carrying out the ambush, but in practice, its… … Wikipedia
Azores Air Zone Command — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Comando da Zona Aérea dos Açores (Azores Air Zone Command) caption= dates= 1956 country= flag|Portugal branch= Air Force type= role= size= command structure=Operational Command (COFA) garrison=Air Base No. 4… … Wikipedia
Criminal Investigation Task Force — The Criminal Investigation Task Force (CITF) was an organization created in early 2002 by the United States Department of Defense to conduct investigations of detainees captured in the War on Terrorism. It was envisioned that certain captured… … Wikipedia
Ecuadorian War of Independence — Warbox conflict=Ecuadorian War of Independence campaign= colour scheme=background:#ccffcc caption= date=1820 1822 place=present day Ecuador result=Patriot victory; Independence of the country from Spain combatant1=Independentist Armies combatant2 … Wikipedia
Sinaloa Cartel — The Sinaloa Cartel is a Mexican drug trafficking cartel primarily operating out of the states of Sinaloa, Durango, Sonora and Chihuahua.cite book|last=Freeman|first=Laurie|title=State of Siege:Drug Related Violence and Corruption in… … Wikipedia
Los Negros — are a narco military unit formed by the Sinaloa Cartel to counter the operations of the Gulf Cartel s Los Zetas.cite book|last=Mallory|first=Stephen L|title=Understanding Organized Crime|publisher=Jones Bartlett Publishers|date=2007|pages=67|isbn … Wikipedia