- Lake Bomoseen
lake_name = Lake Bomoseen
Rutland County, Vermont
coords = coord|43|38|39|N|073|12|47|W|region:US-VT_type:waterbody_source:gnis|display=inline,title
catchment = 100.25 km² (24,470 acres)
basin_countries = United States
area = 9.6 km² (2,370 acres)
depth = 8.2 m (26.8 ft)
max-depth = 19.8 m (65 ft)
elevation = convert|410|ft|m|abbr=on
Lake Bomoseen is a freshwater
lakein the western part of the stateof Vermontin the towns of Castleton and Hubbardton in Rutland County. It is the largest lake that lies entirely within the state's boundaries, with a surface area of approximately 9.6 km² (2,370 acres). The lake was formed by glaciationand has an average and maximum depth of 8.2 m (26.8 ft) and 19.8 m (65 ft), respectively. It drains a 100.25 km² (24,470 acre) watershed, has five major inlets, and empties to the Castleton River.
A portion of the lake's shoreline is contained within
Bomoseen State Park. Most of the remaining area around the lake is privately owned. The lake has such recreational accommodations as a public beach, marinas, and public boat launches, in addition to the state park. There are approximately 1,000 residences around the lake, as well as restaurants and other commercial facilities.
Millions of years ago, clays that accumulated on the ocean floor compressed into
shale. When the ocean floor uplifted to form the Taconic Mountains, heat and pressure metamorphosed the shale into much harder slate. Lake Bomoseen nestles in the hills of these mountains. The Taconics are the slate-producing region of Vermont, and the area's history parallels the rise and fall of Vermont's slateindustry.
Bomoseen State Park has several quarry holes and adjacent colorful slate rubble piles. These quarries provided slate for the West Castleton Railroad and Slate Company, a complex of sixty to seventy buildings that stood between
Glen Lakeand Lake Bomoseen. Several slate buildings and foundations remain in the park, and a self-guided Slate History Trail brochure is available at the contact station.
In the 1920s, literary critic
Alexander Woollcottowned Neshobe Islandand the island served as a retreat and playground for members of the famed Algonquin Round Table. [cite web
first =Craig C.
title =Famous Vermonters, Part II
publisher =Business Digest
date =August 1998
accessdate = 2007-09-19 ]
Activities at Lake Bomoseen and in Rutland, Vermont
*Boating, water skiing,
wake-boarding, scubadiving, wind surfing, swimming, fishing, camping, and hunting.
*Ice Fishing and cross country skiing in winter.
*Crystal beach: volley ball, swimming, playground, Picnicing, basketball.
*Bomoseen State Park: Camping, swimming, vollyball, hiking.
*Hiking and biking on The Long Trail
*Rock climbing and cliff jumping.
Panfish, Lake trout, Brown Trout, Yellow Perch, Smelt, and Northern Pike.
*Prospect Bay Country Club- 9 hole Public Golf Course
Diamond Run Mall, the state's second largest shopping mall
*Vermont State Fairground
Ospreys were virtually wiped out in Vermont and most of the United Statesby pesticides decades ago. DDTgot into the food chain, and osprey populations plummeted as the chemical made their eggshells thin and brittle. CVPShas worked on osprey restoration efforts with the state for over 15 years, installing platforms at hydroelectric facilities, creating buffer zones and educating Vermonters on the birds’ need for space. A platform is under consideration are at Lake Bomoseen.
Bald Eagles were also victims of the pesticide use of the 50's and 60's. Although there has not been a recorded nesting of Bald Eagles on Lake Bomoseen, there have been several sitings of eagles up and down the lake, enjoying the abundant prey of trout, bass, and perch.
Lake Bomoseen has had a long history of weed problems. By the early 1980s, Eurasian
watermilfoil( Myriophyllum spicatum) were the dominant weed species in the lake. Eurasian watermilfoil is an introduced species that is difficult to control due to its ability to survive in various environmental conditions. At one point the watermilfoil covered 2.4 km² of the lake, impairing its recreational and commercial uses.
Researchers from Middlebury College, working under contract for the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation introduced a native aquatic
weevil, (Euhrychiopsis lecontei), to help combat the problem. Other treatments such as chemical treatment with the aquatic herbicide Sonar*have been used at other lakes.
In recent years,
zebra musselshave been introduced to Lake Bomoseen after many years of attempted prevention. The mussels are clearly visible on the bottom of the lake around the shoreline and have visibly restricted the growth of watermilfoil.
Battle of Hubbardton
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