- Shortwave (meteorology)
A shortwave or shortwave trough is an embedded kink in the
trough/ ridgepattern. This is the opposite of longwaves, which are responsible for synoptic scalesystems. Shortwaves are most frequently caused by either a cold pool or an upper level front.
Corresponding Weather and Effects
Shortwaves are often associated with warm (WAA) or cold air
advection(CAA), which influence temperature. Due to the way they curve the air that moves around them and the way air moves away from them, shortwaves produce positive curvature vorticityand positive shear vorticity, respectively. Ahead of a shortwave there is large-scale lift due to divergence from positive vorticity advection. This lift often sparks precipitation. In a capped environment, the lift generated by a shortwave may cool the cap through adiabatic cooling, allowing for convection.
* [http://www.theweatherprediction.com/habyhints/131/ What is a shortwave trough?] . Haby's Hints.
* [http://nws.noaa.gov/glossary/index.php?word=shortwave+trough Shortwave Trough] . NWS Glossary.
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