Serra do Mar


Serra do Mar
Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves *
UNESCO World Heritage Site
God's Finger, a rocky formation of Serra do Mar near Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil
Type Natural
Criteria vii, ix, x
Reference 893
Region ** Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List
** Region as classified by UNESCO

Serra do Mar (Portuguese: Mountain Range of the Sea) is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil, which runs in parallel to the Atlantic Ocean coast from the state of Espírito Santo to southern Santa Catarina,[1] although some include Serra Geral in the Serra do Mar, in which case this range extends to northeastern Rio Grande do Sul. The main escarpment forms the boundary between the sea-level littoral and the inland plateau (planalto), which has a mean altitude of 500 to 1,300 metres (1,600 to 4,300 ft).

The mountain ranges are discontinuous in several places and receive individual names such as Serra de Bocaina, Serra de Paranapiacaba, Serra Negra, Serra do Indaiá, etc. It also extends to some large islands near the coastline, such as Ilhabela and Ilha Anchieta. With an altitude of 2,255 metres (7,398 ft), Pico da Caledônia in Nova Friburgo and Cachoeiras de Macacu in Rio de Janeiro is among the higherst points in Serra do Mar.

Geologically, the range belongs to the massive crystalline rock platform that forms Eastern South America and tectonically is very stable. Most of the elevations of Serra do Mar were formed about 60 million years ago.

At the time of discovery of Brazil (1500), Serra do Mar supported a rich and highly diversified ecosystem, composed mainly by a lush tropical rain forest, called Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica). Due to urbanization and deforestation, however, most of the forest cover was destroyed and it remains almost exclusively in the steep escarpments facing the sea. A chain of national and state parks, ecological stations and biological reserves now protect the Mata Atlântica and its biological heritage, but acid rain, pollution, poachers, clandestine loggers, forest fires and encroachment by urban areas and farms are still promoting active destruction, particularly around cities. Several large metropolises are near the Serra do Mar, including São Paulo and Curitiba.

Reforestation and recuperation of biological diversity are notoriously difficult to bring about in destroyed rain forest habitats.

References

  1. ^ Angulo, R. J., G. C. Lessa, M. C. de Souza (2009). The Holocene Barrier Systems of Paranaguá and Northern Santa Catarina Coasts, Southern Brazil. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 107: 135-176.

See also

Coordinates: 26°00′23″S 48°57′38″W / 26.00639°S 48.96056°W / -26.00639; -48.96056


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Serra do mar — Géographie Altitude 2 316 m, Pico Maior de Friburgo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Serra do Mar — (»Seegebirge«, oder Serra Geral), der südlich von Rio de Janeiro in der Nähe der Küste hinstreichende Höhenzug, der steil nach dem Meere zu abfällt, der Rand der die Staaten São Paulo, Parana, Santa Catharina und Rio Grande do Sul erfüllenden… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Serra do Mar — Serra do Mar, Küstengebirge in Brasilien, von 30° s.B. an nach N., 900 1700 m hoch …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Serra do Mar — 26° 00′ 23″ S 48° 57′ 38″ W / 26.00638889, 48.96055556 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Serra do Mar — Dedo de Deus (Finger Gottes) in der Serra dos Órgãos, Rio de Janeiro Die Serra do Mar (portugiesisch: Gebirgszug des Meeres) ist ein 1500 km langer Gebirgszug im Südosten Brasiliens in den Bundesstaaten Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Serra do Mar — Conjunto de montañas de la Sierra del Mar visto desde el centro de Curitiba. La sierra del Mar (en portugués: Serra do Mar) es una cadena montañosa del relieve brasileño que se extiende por aproximadamente 1.500 kilómetros a lo largo del litoral… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Serra do Mar — Sp Pajūrio kalna Ap Serra do Mar L Brazilijoje (Paranos, Rio de Žaneiro, P. Rio Grandės, San Paulo, Santa Katarinos v jos) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Serra do Mar — Sẹrra do Mar   [ du ; portugiesische »Seegebirge«], Randgebirge des Brasilianischen Berglands in Südostbrasilien, von Santa Catarina bis zum Rio Paraíba, etwa 1 000 km lang, in der Serra dos Orgãos bis 2 263 m über dem Meeresspiegel; steil zur… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Serra do Mar — geographical name mountain range S Brazil along coast …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Serra do Mar — /se rddah doo mahrdd / a mountain range on the SE coast of Brazil. Highest point, 7420 ft. (2262 m). * * * …   Universalium


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