- Retrospective determinism
Retrospective determinism is the
logical fallacythat because something happened, it was therefore bound to happen; the term was coined by the French philosopher Henri Bergson. For example::"When he declared himself dictatorof the Roman Republic, Julius Caesarwas bound to be assassinated."This argument gives no logical grounds to conclude Caesar's assassination was the only possible outcome, or even the most likely outcome of the circumstances. Simply asserting this is committing the fallacy of retrospective determinism. This type of fallacy is often used as a build-up to a hasty generalization: because something happened in given circumstances, it was not only bound to happen, but will in fact always happen given those circumstances. For example::"Caesar was assassinated when he declared himself dictator. Sic semper tyrannis: this goes to show that all dictators will eventually be assassinated."This not only does not follow on logical grounds, but is false: a dictator may be murdered by a political rival, killed in a war with a foreign power, or simply die by accident or natural causes. Discounting these possibilities, it still does not follow that any dictator, if they lived long enough, would be assassinated because Caesar was assassinated. While the conclusion is correct, the premise is faulty. Caesar's assassination does not predict the inevitable assassination of all other dictators.
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
retrospective determinism — noun A fallacy consisting in reasoning that because something happened, it was therefore bound to happen … Wiktionary
Determinism (disambiguation) — The term determinism has many meanings in different fields. Contents 1 Philosophy 2 Computer science 3 Sociology and anthropology 4 Biology … Wikipedia
Parametric determinism — refers to a Marxist interpretation of the course of history formulated by Prof. Ernest Mandel, and it could be viewed as one variant of Marx s historical materialism or as a philosophy of history. In an article critical of the Analytical Marxism… … Wikipedia
List of fallacies — For specific popular misconceptions, see List of common misconceptions. A fallacy is incorrect argumentation in logic and rhetoric resulting in a lack of validity, or more generally, a lack of soundness. Contents 1 Formal fallacies 1.1… … Wikipedia
Signal to Noise (Rise Album) — Infobox Album | Name = Signal to Noise Type = Album Artist = The Rise Released = April 2nd 2002 Recorded = January 2002 at Non Linear Studios Genre = Post Hardcore Electronica Producer = Kevin RattermanMike Blaine Mastered = West West Side Music… … Wikipedia
Independent (voter) — Not to be confused with Independence Party, Independent Party, America s Independent Party, or American Independent Party. Part of the Politics series … Wikipedia
Roberto Mangabeira Unger — Full name Roberto Mangabeira Unger Born March 24, 1947 Era Late 20th Century, Early 21st Century Main interests … Wikipedia
anthropology — anthropological /an threuh peuh loj i keuhl/, anthropologic, adj. anthropologically, adv. /an threuh pol euh jee/, n. 1. the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs… … Universalium
Twain, Mark — orig. Samuel Langhorne Clemens born Nov. 30, 1835, Florida, Mo., U.S. died April 21, 1910, Redding, Conn. U.S. humorist, writer, and lecturer. He grew up in Hannibal, Mo., on the Mississippi River. At age 13 he was apprenticed to a local printer … Universalium
biblical literature — Introduction four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha. The Old… … Universalium