Anhalt-Dessau


Anhalt-Dessau

Infobox Former Country
native_name = "Fürstentum (Herzogtum) Anhalt-Dessau"
conventional_long_name = Principality (Duchy) of Anhalt-Dessau
common_name = Anhalt-Dessau|
continent = Europe
region = Central Europe
country = Germany
era = Middle Ages
status = Vassal
empire = Holy Roman Empire
government_type = Principality|
year_start = 1396
year_end = 1853
life_span = 1396–1561
1603–1853|
event_start = Partitioned from
Anhalt-Zerbst
date_start =
1396
event1 = Partitioned to create
Anhalt-Köthen
date_event1 =
1471
event2 = Partitioned to create
A-Plötzkau and A-Zerbst
date_event2 =
1544
event3 = Annexed back to
A-Zerbst (later: Anhalt)
date_event3 =
1561–1603
event4 = Raised to duchy
date_event4 = 1807
event_end = Merged with
Anhalt-Köthen
date_end =
1853
event_post = Duchy of Anhalt reunited
date_post = 1863|
p1 = Anhalt-Zerbst
image_p1 =
s1 = Anhalt-Dessau-Köthen
image_s1 = |



|



image_map_caption = Anhalt-Dessau (orange)|
capital = Dessau|
footnotes =

Anhalt-Dessau was a principality and later a duchy located in Germany. It was created in 1396 following the partition of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. The capital of the state was Dessau. Anhalt-Dessau experienced a number of partitions throughout its existence with Anhalt-Köthen being created in 1471. The principality was partitioned for a second time in 1544 with Anhalt-Zerbst, Anhalt-Plötzkau being created. From 1561 until 1603 Anhalt-Dessau was under the rule of the Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, and in 1603 Anhalt-Dessau was recreated and it was raised to a duchy in 1807.

Following the death of the last Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg in 1863 all of the Anhalt lands came under the rule of the Duke of Anhalt-Dessau who then took the new title of Duke of Anhalt for the newly created Duchy of Anhalt.

Princes of Anhalt-Dessau 1396-1561

* Sigismund I 1396–1405
* Waldemar IV 1405–1417 (co-regent)
* Sigismund II 1405–1452 (co-regent)
* Albert V 1405–1469 (co-regent)
* George I 1405–1474
* Ernest I 1474–1516
* George II 1474–1509 (co-regent)
* Sigismund III 1474–1487 (co-regent)
* Rudolph IV 1474–1510 (co-regent)
* John V 1516–1544 (co-regent)
* George III 1516–1544 (co-regent)
* Joachim I 1516–1561 "To Anhalt-Zerbst 1561".

Princes of Anhalt-Dessau 1603-1807

* John George I 1603–1618
* John Casimir 1618–1660
* John George II 1660–1693
**Henriette Katharina of Orange-Nassau "regent 1693-1697"
* Leopold I 1693–1747
* Leopold II 1747–1751
** Prince Dietrich "regent 1751-1758"
* Leopold III 1751–1807 "Raised to Duchy 1807".

Dukes of Anhalt-Dessau 1807-1863

* Leopold III 1807–1817
* Leopold IV 1817–1863"Renamed Duchy of Anhalt 1863".

References

* [http://www.hostkingdom.net/gerA-E.html#Anhalt-Dessau Regnal chronology]


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