Holidays of Japan

Holidays of Japan

The .) If the Monday is also a public holiday, the transfer holiday is moved to the Tuesday (such as Greenery Day being transferred to Tuesday May 6, 2008). Additionally, when a day is sandwiched between two national holidays, that day shall also become a holiday, known as . May 4, sandwiched between Constitution Memorial Day on May 3 and Children's Day on May 5, was such a holiday until it was replaced by Greenery Day in 2007. By the same law, September 22 2009 is supposed to be a national holiday because the autumnal equinox is expected to land on September 23 that year; however, the date of the autumnal equinox will not be officially decided until February 1 of that year.

Table of Japanese holidays

Events of imperial mourning and celebration

In addition to the annual holidays listed above, certain events of celebration or mourning related to the imperial family are also treated as national holidays in the year in which they occur.

There have been four instances of such holidays since the introduction of the Public Holiday Law.

* April 10, 1959: Marriage of Crown Prince Akihito
* February 24, 1989: State Funeral of the Shōwa Emperor
* November 12, 1990: Official Enthronement Ceremony of Emperor Akihito
* June 9, 1993: Marriage of Crown Prince Naruhito

Recent changes

Beginning in 2000, Japan implemented the Happy Monday System (ハッピーマンデー制度) which moved a number of national holidays to Monday in order to obtain a "long weekend":
* Coming-of-Age Day: January 15 → 2nd Monday of January, starting in 2000.
* Marine Day: July 20 → 3rd Monday of July, starting in 2003.
* Respect for the Aged Day: September 15 → 3rd Monday of September, starting in 2003.
* Health and Sports Day: October 10 → 2nd Monday of October, starting in 2000.

In 2005, the country decided to add Showa Day, a new national holiday, in place of Greenery Day on April 29, and to move Greenery Day to May 4. These changes took effect in 2007.

ee also

* Japanese calendar
* Japanese festivals


External links

* [ Japanese Holidays -]
* [国民の祝日に関する法律 Public holiday law (in Japanese)]

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