Antiquities of the Jews


Antiquities of the Jews

"Antiquities of the Jews" ("Antiquitates Judaicae" in Latin) was a work published by the importantStephen L. Harris, "Understanding the Bible", (Palo Alto: Mayfield, 1985).] Jewish historian Flavius Josephus about the year 93 or 94. "Antiquities of the Jews" is a history of the Jewish people, written in Greek for Josephus' gentile patrons. Beginning with the creation of Adam and Eve, it follows the events of the historical books of the Hebrew Bible, but sometimes omits or adds information.

This work, along with Josephus's other major work, "The Jewish Wars", provides valuable background material to historians wishing to understand first-century Judaism and the early Christian period.Stephen L. Harris, "Understanding the Bible", (Palo Alto: Mayfield, 1985).]

Content

This twenty-one volume work was completed in the last year of the Roman emperor Flavius Domitian. He claims that interested persons have pressed him to give a fuller account of the Jewish culture and constitution. Here, in expounding Jewish history, law and custom, he is entering into many philosophical debates current in Rome at that time. Again he offers an "apologia" for the antiquity and universal significance of the Jewish people.

Beginning with biblical creation, he outlines Jewish history. Abraham taught science to the Egyptians, who in turn taught the Greeks. Moses set up a senatorial priestly aristocracy, which like that of Rome resisted monarchy. The great figures of the biblical stories are presented as ideal philosopher-leaders.

There is also an autobiographical appendix defending Josephus' own conduct at the end of the war when he cooperated with the Roman forces.

Manuscripts

The extant copies of this work, which all derive from Christian sources, even the recently-recovered Arabic version, contain two passages about Jesus. The long one has come to be known as the Testimonium Flavianum. If genuine, it is the earliest record of Jesus in Jewish sources, and as such is sometimes cited as independent evidence for the historical existence of Jesus. Most scholars view the Testimonium Flavianum as partially genuine with some Christian interpolations.

Translations

One of the best known translations of this work was provided by William Whiston in 1737, which has been in print continuously since then. [A new updated version of Whiston's translation was published by Hendrickson Publishers in 1987. However, the Loeb Classical Library has a more recent translation normally preferred academically.

References

External links

* [http://sacred-texts.com/jud/josephus/index.htm#aoj Whiston translation of Antiquities of the Jews]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antiquities of the Jews, The — ▪ work by Josephus Latin  Antiquitates Judaicae,         an account of Jewish history from its early beginnings to the revolt against Rome in AD 66, written in Greek in about AD 93 by Flavius Josephus (Josephus, Flavius), a general in the Jewish… …   Universalium

  • History of the Jews in Spain — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in Egypt — Egyptian Jews constitute perhaps the oldest Jewish community outside Israel in the world.Fact|date=October 2008 While no exact census exists, the Jewish population of Egypt was estimated at fewer than a hundred in 2004, [… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Jews in Turkey — Jewsref|name|§ have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) for more than 2,400 years. In the later Middle Ages, Ashkenazi Jews migrating to the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire supplemented the original Jewish population of …   Wikipedia

  • The Tragedy of Mariam — The Tragedy of Mariam, the Fair Queen of Jewry is a Jacobean era closet drama written by Elizabeth Tanfield Cary, and first published in 1613. The play is the the first work by a woman that was published under her own name. The play received only …   Wikipedia

  • The Life of Flavius Josephus — The Life of Josephus ( Iosepou bios ), also called the Life of Flavius Josephus , is an autobiographical text written by Josephus in approximately 94 99 CE – possibly as an appendix to his Antiquities of the Jews (cf. Life 430) – where the author …   Wikipedia

  • The Name of Mary —     ♦ The Name of Mary     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Name of Mary     (in Scripture and in Catholic use)     New Testament, Mariam and sometimes Maria it seems impossible, in the present state of the text, to say whether the form Mariam was… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Sea of Galilee Boat — or The Jesus Boat was an ancient fishing boat from the 1st century AD/CE (the time of Jesus), which was discovered in 1986 on the north west shore of the Sea of Galilee in Israel. The remains of the boat, which are 27 feet (8.27 meters) long and… …   Wikipedia

  • The Lost Tomb of Jesus — ] In The Jesus Family Tomb , Simcha Jacobovici claims the James Ossuary would have been a part of this tomb, but was removed by artifact dealers, and thus discovered separately. [http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/tomb/explore/explore.html Lost …   Wikipedia

  • The Famous Five (series) — This article is about the novels. For the first TV adaptation, see The Famous Five (1970s TV series). The Famous Five   …   Wikipedia