- Kremlin Wall Necropolis
The Kremlin Wall Necropolis ( _ru. Некрополь у Кремлёвской стены) is a part of the
Kremlin Wallin Moscowoverlooking the Red Square. Soviet governments buried many prominent local and international communist figures here.
The first burial in the Red Square was performed on
November 10, 1917by the order of the Military Revolutionary Committee. The Soviets buried 238 Red Guards and soldiers who had died during the October Revolutionin two common graves. In the autumn of 1919 they buried the secretary of the Moscow Committee of the Bolshevik Party, Vladimir Zagorsky, and a few other victims of a terrorist actperformed by the Left Socialist-Revolutionarieson September 25.
Others buried in the necropolis include the victims of an explosion in the building of the
Dorogomilovsky Soviet, People's Commissar of the Postal Service and Telegraph Vadim Podbelsky, American journalist John Reed, secretary of the Moscow Committee Feodor Artyom, diplomats Vaclav Vorovskyand Peter Voikov.
Lenin's Mausoleumbecame the center of the Kremlin Wall Necropolis. Behind the mausoleum and at the foot of the Senatskaya Tower of the Kremlin, there are the graves of Yakov Sverdlov, Felix Dzerzhinsky, Mikhail Frunze, Mikhail Kalinin, Georgy Zhukov, Andrei Zhdanov, Joseph Stalin, Kliment Voroshilov, Semyon Budyonny, Mikhail Suslov, Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropovand Konstantin Chernenko, with monuments. On both sides of the Senatskaya Tower, the Soviets placed urns with the ashes of CPSUmembers and members of foreign Communistparties, statesmen, military and political leaders, prominent people of science and culture between 1925 and 1984. Several cosmonauts, including Yuri Gagarinand the victims of the Soyuz 1and Soyuz 11disasters, are buried in the necropolis, as well as Sergei Korolev, chief designer of the Soviet space program. In 1967, the Soviets opened a memorialcalled the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Garden.
*"from left to right"
# Felix Dzerzhinsky
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