Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre

Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre

Sancho Ramírez (c. 1042 – 4 June 1094, Huesca) was king of Aragon (1063-1094, not formally until 1076) and king of Navarre (1076-1094, as Sancho V). He was the son of Ramiro I of Aragon and Ermesinde of Bigorre, and he succeeded his father in 1063.

Between 1067 and 1068, the War of the Three Sanchos involved him in a conflict with his first cousins, both also named Sancho: Sancho IV the king of Navarre and Sancho II the king of Castile, respectively. The Castilian Sancho was trying to retake Bureba and Alta Rioja, which his father had given away to king of Navarre and failed to retake. The Navarrese Sancho begged the aid of the Aragonese Sancho to defend his kingdom. Sancho of Castile defeated the two cousins and retook both Bureba and Alta Rioja, as well as Álava.

Sancho Ramírez followed his father's practice, not using the royal title early in his reign even though his state had become fully independent. This changed in 1076, when Sancho IV of Navarre was murdered by his own siblings, thus prompting a succession crisis in this neighboring kingdom that represented Aragon's nominal overlord. At first, the murdered king's young son, García, who had fled to Castile, was recognized as titular king by Alfonso VI, while Sancho Ramírez recruited to his side noblemen of Navarre who resented their kingdom falling under Alfonso's influence. The crisis was resolved by partition. Sancho Ramírez was elected King of Navarre, while he ceded previously contested western provinces of the kingdom to Alfonso. From this time, Sancho refers to himself as king not only of Navarre but also Aragon.

Sancho conquered Barbastro in 1064, Graus in 1083, and Monzón in 1089.

He married first in c.1065 (divorced 1071), Isabel of Urgel (d. c.1071), daughter of Count Armengol III of Urgel and second in 1076, Felicie of Roucy (d May 3, 1123), daughter of Count Hilduin III of Roucy. A third marriage - to Philippa of Toulouse - is sometimes given [Richard, Alfred, "Histoire de Comtes de Poitou, 778-1204"] but other evidence records him as still married to Felicie at the time of his death. [Szabolcs de VAJAY, "Ramire II le Moine, roi d'Aragon et Agnes de Poitou dans l'histoire et la légende", in "Mélanges offerts à René Crozet", 2 vol, Poitiers, 1966, vol 2, p 727-750; and Ruth E Harvey, "The wives of the first troubadour Duke William IX of Aquitaine", in "Journal of Medieval History", vol 19, 1993, p 315. Harvey states that, contrary to prior assumptions, William IX was certainly Philippa of Toulouse's only husband. Vajay states that the marriage to an unnamed king of Aragon reported by a non-contemporary chronicler is imaginary, even though it has appeared broadly in modern histories, and likewise he cites J de Salarrullana de Dios, Documentos correspondientes al reinado de Sancho Ramirez, Saragossa, 1907, vol I, nr 51, p 204-207 to document that Felicie was clearly still married to Sancho months before his death, making the marriage to Philippa several years earlier, as reported in several modern popular biographies of her granddaughter, completely unsupportable.]

He perished in 1094 at the Siege of Huesca.

He was father of three sons: by Isabel, he had Peter; by Felicie he had Alfonso and Ramiro. All three succeeded in turn to the throne of Aragon. [An origin legend of the house of Ayala gives him another son, Vela or Velasgutto de Ayala, by a Barcelona lady. An alternative version makes the father Ramiro I. This story is without solid foundation, and may represent a confused memory of a feudal relationship with Sancho Ramírez of Viguera and his Vela clan vassals.]

Notes and references

External source

* [ FMG on Infante don SANCHO Ramírez de Aragón]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peter I of Aragon and Navarre — Peter I (c. 1068 1104) was King of Aragon and Navarre from 1094 to 1104. He was the son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre and Isabel of Urgel. He succeeded his father in 1094.He conquered Huesca in 1095. His first marriage, to Agnes… …   Wikipedia

  • Sancho Ramírez — ▪ king of Aragon and Pamplona [Navarre] born , before 1045 died July 6, 1094, Huesca, Aragon       king of Aragon from 1063 to 1094 and of Pamplona (or Navarre; as Sancho V Ramírez) from 1076 to 1094, the son of Ramiro I of Aragon.       After… …   Universalium

  • Sancho I — can refer to:* Sancho I of Pamplona (d. 926) * Sancho I Ordóñez (d. 929), king of Galicia * Sancho I of León (d. 966) * Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre (d. 1094), Sancho I of Aragon * Sancho I of Portugal (1154 1212) …   Wikipedia

  • Navarre — • Territory in the Pyrenees Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Navarre     Navarre     † Cat …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sancho IV — known as Sancho the Brave born 1257 died April 25, 1295, Toledo, Castile King of Castile and Leon (1284–95). The second son of Afonso X, he won the backing of nobles and military orders in his effort to gain recognition as heir, and he usurped… …   Universalium

  • Aragon — For other uses, see Aragon (disambiguation). Aragon Aragón (Spanish) Aragón (Aragonese) Aragó (Catalan) …   Wikipedia

  • Sancho VI of Navarre — Sancho VI Garcés (c. 1133 ndash; June 27, 1194), called the Wise ( el Sabio ), was the king of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194. Son of King García Ramírez and Marguerite de l Aigle, he was the first to use the title King of Navarre as… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramiro II of Aragon — Ramiro II ( c .1075 ndash;16 August 1157, Huesca), called the Monk, was King of Aragon from 1134 until 1137. He was the youngest son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre, and Felicia of Roucy. He spent most of his early life as monk in a …   Wikipedia

  • García Ramírez of Navarre — García Ramírez, sometimes García IV,V, VI or VII (died 21 November 1150, Lorca), called the Restorer ( es. el Restaurador), was Lord of Monzón and Logroño, and, from 1134, King of Navarre. He restored the independence of the Navarrese crown after …   Wikipedia

  • Ramiro I of Aragon — right|thumb|150px|This genealogy of Aragonese kings from a sixteenth century Spanish manuscript gives Ramiro I a prominent place.Ramiro I (bef.1007 8 May 1063) is usually credited with being the first King of Aragon. Apparently born before 1007,… …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.