Couching


Couching
Detail of the Bayeux Tapestry showing fillings in laid work.

In embroidery, couching and laid work are techniques in which yarn or other materials are laid across the surface of the ground fabric and fastened in place with small stitches of the same or a different yarn.[1]

The couching threads may be either the same color as the laid threads or a contrasting color. When couching threads contrast with laid threads, patterns may be worked in the couching stitches.[2]

Contents

Applications

Laid work is one of two techniques used in the Bayeux Tapestry, an embroidered cloth probably dating to the later 1070s. (The other technique is stem stitch.)[3]

Underside couching of metal thread was characteristic of earlier Opus Anglicanum in Medieval England and was also used historically in Sicily and rarely in other parts of Italy and France.[4] Couching is also characteristic of Japanese metal-thread embroidery and Central Asian suzani work.

Variants

  • In couching, one or more threads are laid on the fabric surface and sewn to the fabric at regular intervals.
  • In couched filling, threads are laid on the surface in a trellis pattern and sewn to the fabric at the intersections.
  • In laid work or Bayeux stitch, threads are laid side-by-side to fill a shape, then held in place with a thread at right angles to the laid threads. This crossing thread is then couched to the fabric to hold the laid threads in place.
  • In Bokhara couching or Bokhara stitch, the couched threads are held in place with many tiny crossing stitches, which may be aligned from row to row to produce patterns.[5], [6]
  • In Roumanian stitch, long satin stitches are each held in place with a small diagonal stitch made in the center
  • In Roumanian couching, bundles of laid threads are held in place with Roumanian stitches
  • In Underside couching, a heavy couching thread (historically, a stout linen) is brought up from the wrong side of the work, looped over the laid thread, and returned to the wrong side. The couching thread is then given a sharp pull which draws a small loop of laid thread through to the wrong side of the fabric. Underside couching has the advantages that the couching thread is completely concealed from the front and is not subject to wear.[7]

Stitch gallery

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Enthoven, Jacqueline: The Creative Stitches of Embroidery, Van Norstrand Rheinhold, 1964, ISBN 0-442-22318-8, p. 165
  2. ^ *Wilson, Erica Erica Wilson's Embroidery Book, New York: Scribner, 1973, pp. 84-86.
  3. ^ Levey, S. M. and D. King, The Victoria and Albert Museum's Textile Collection Vol. 3: Embroidery in Britain from 1200 to 1750, Victoria and Albert Museum, 1993, ISBN 1851771263
  4. ^ Lemon, Jane: Metal Thread Embroidery, Sterling, 2004, ISBN 071348926X, p. 112.
  5. ^ Enthoven: The Creative Stitches of Embroidery, p. 165-175
  6. ^ Reader's Digest Complete Guide to Needlework. The Reader's Digest Association, Inc. (March 1992). ISBN 0-89577-059-8, p. 32-33, 44-45
  7. ^ Lemon, Metal Thread Embroidery, p. 112.

References

  • Caulfield, S.F.A., and B.C. Saward, The Dictionary of Needlework, 1885.
  • Enthoven, Jacqueline: The Creative Stitches of Embroidery, Van Norstrand Rheinhold, 1964, ISBN 0-442-22318-8
  • Reader's Digest, Complete Guide to Needlework. The Reader's Digest Association, Inc. (March 1992). ISBN 0-89577-059-8
  • Lemon, Jane, Metal Thread Embroidery, Sterling, 2004, ISBN 071348926X
  • Levey, S. M. and D. King, The Victoria and Albert Museum's Textile Collection Vol. 3: Embroidery in Britain from 1200 to 1750, Victoria and Albert Museum, 1993, ISBN 1851771263
  • Wilson, Erica Erica Wilson's Embroidery Book, New York: Scribner, 1973. SBN 684-10655-8

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Couching — Couch ing, n. 1. (Med.) The operation of putting down or displacing the opaque lens in cataract. [1913 Webster] 2. Embroidering by laying the materials upon the surface of the foundation, instead of drawing them through. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Couching — Couch Couch (kouch), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Couched} (koucht); p. pr. & vb. n. {Couching}.] [F. coucher to lay down, lie down, OF. colchier, fr. L. collocare to lay, put, place; col + locare to place, fr. locus place. See {Locus}.] [1913 Webster] 1 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • couching — /kow ching/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that couches. 2. a method of embroidering in which a thread, often heavy, laid upon the surface of the material, is caught down at intervals by stitches taken with another thread through the… …   Universalium

  • couching — n. an operation for cataract in which the lens is pushed out of the pupil downwards and backwards into the jelly like vitreous humour by a small knife inserted through the edge of the cornea. It was widely employed in ancient Hindu civilizations… …   Medical dictionary

  • couching — kaÊŠtʃ n. long upholstered seat; bed, place for resting; animal s lair; board on which paper pulp is dried (Papermaking) v. recline; lower; ambush; express, put into words; transfer to a couch (Papermaking) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • couching — n. an operation for cataract in which the lens is pushed out of the pupil downwards and backwards into the jelly like vitreous humour by a small knife inserted through the edge of the cornea. It was widely employed in ancient Hindu civilizations… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • couching — /ˈkaʊtʃɪŋ/ (say kowching) noun 1. the act of someone or something that couches. 2. a method of embroidering in which a thread, often heavy, laid upon the surface of the material, is caught down at intervals by stitches taken with another thread… …   Australian English dictionary

  • couching — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Couching (ophthalmology) — For the embroidery technique, see Couching. Couching is the earliest documented form of cataract surgery. As a cataract is a clouding in the lens of the eye, couching is a technique of dislodging the lens, thus removing the opacity. Although… …   Wikipedia

  • Удаление Катаракты (Couching) — хирургическая операция, во время которой пораженный катарактой хрусталик перемещается вниз и назад от зрачка к стекловидному телу с помощью небольшого скальпеля, вводимого через край роговицы. Данная операция широко применялась в древних… …   Медицинские термины