Battle of Flers-Courcelette

Battle of Flers-Courcelette

The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, which began on 15 September, 1916 and lasted for one week, was the third and last of the large-scale offensives mounted by the British Army during the Battle of the Somme.

The battle is significant for the first use of the tank in warfare and expectations were high that it would prove a decisive weapon. However, the Mark I tank's performance in the battle was patchy and the British commander-in-chief, General Sir Douglas Haig, has been criticised for revealing the secret weapon too soon. He was warned against this by both his subcommanders (such as E.D. Swinton) and the French government which sent Colonel Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne and Subsecretary of State of Inventions Jean-Louis Bréton (normally arch-enemies) to London hoping to persuade the British government to overrule Haig.

Like the earlier offensives of 1 July (Battle of Albert) and 14 July (Battle of Bazentin Ridge), Haig had hoped to achieve a breakthrough of the German defences, enabling a return to mobile warfare. Though the British, Canadian and New Zealand forces did make significant gains on the day, a breakthrough was not forthcoming and the Somme front reverted to an attritional struggle, which, with the onset of wet weather, created dreadful conditions in which the infantry had to live and fight.

Objectives that were taken included High Wood and the Switch Line over which the British had been struggling for two months. On the left flank the Canadian Corps captured Courcelette while in the centre the villages of Martinpuich and Flers were taken but these were short of the original objectives of Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs. On the right, the German redoubt known as the Quadrilateral stopped the British well short of Morval. To take these remaining objectives, the British Fourth Army launched the Battle of Morval on 25 September.

ee also

*List of Canadian battles during World War I

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Courcelette — Memorial …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Somme — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Somme Offensive partof =the Western Front of World War I caption = Men of the 11th Battalion, the Cheshire Regiment, near La Boisselle, July 1916 date = 1 July – 18 November 1916 place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Flers, Somme — French commune nomcommune=Flers Trenches near Flers, in September 1916. région=Picardie département=Somme arrondissement=Péronne canton=Combles insee=80314 cp=80360 maire=Mme Jeannette Busschaert mandat=2001 2008 intercomm=… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Pozières — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Pozières partof=the First World War colour scheme=background:#cccccc caption= date=23 July ndash;7 August, 1916 place=Pozières, Somme, France result=Allied Victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1=… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Bazentin Ridge — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Bazentin Ridge partof=the Battle of the Somme (First World War) caption=A German prisoner helps British wounded on their way to a dressing station following fighting on Bazentin Ridge, 19 July 1916.… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Guillemont — The Battle of Guillemont was a British assault on the German held village of Guillemont during the 1916 Battle of the Somme. Guillemont lay on the right flank of the British sector where it linked with French forces and by holding it, the Germans …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Morval — The Battle of Morval, which began on 25 September, 1916, was an attack by the British Fourth Army on the German held villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesboeufs during the Battle of the Somme. These villages were originally objectives of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Courcelette Memorial — Courcelette (Battle of the Somme) Memorial Canada Canadian Courcelette (Battle of the Somme) Memorial …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Mouquet Farm — Part of the Battle of the Somme of World War I …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Delville Wood — Part of the Battle of the Somme in the First World War …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»