- Subaltern Studies
The Subaltern Studies Group (SSG) or Subaltern Studies Collective are a group of
South Asianscholars interested in the postcolonialand post-imperial societies of South Asia in particular and the developing world in general. The term Subaltern Studies is sometimes also applied more broadly to others who share many of their views. Their approach is one of history from below, focused more on what happens among the masses at the base levels of society than among the elite.
The term "
subaltern" in this context is an allusion to the work of Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci(1881–1937). Literally, it refers to any person or group of inferior rank and station, whether because of race, class, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or religion.
The SSG arose in the 1980s, influenced by the scholarship of Eric Stokes, to attempt to formulate a new narrative of the history of India and South Asia. This narrative strategy most clearly inspired by the writings of Gramsci was explicated in the writings of their "mentor"
Ranajit Guha, most clearly in his "manifesto" in Subaltern Studies I and also in his classic monograph "The Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency". Although they are, in a sense, on the left, they are very critical of the traditional Marxist narrative of Indian history, in which semi- feudalIndia was colonized by the British, became politicized, and earned its independence. In particular, they are critical of the focus of this narrative on the political consciousness of elites, who in turn inspire the masses to resistance and rebellion against the British.
Instead, they focus on non-elites — subalterns — as agents of political and social change. They have had a particular interest in the discourses and rhetoric of emerging political and social movements, as against only highly visible actions like demonstrations and uprisings.
People associated with Subaltern Studies
The Subaltern Studies group was founded by Ranajit Guha. In more recent times, some former members have become disillusioned with the post-modern turn that the group has taken (notably Sumit Sarkar who left the group).
Other scholars associated with Subaltern Studies include:
* David Arnold
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak
Sumit Sarkar(later dissented)
Kamran Asdar Ali
Latin American subaltern studies
* Young, Robert, "White Mythologies". Routledge, 1990, reissued 2004. Several associated ISBNs, including ISBN 0-415-31181-0, ISBN 0-415-31180-2.
*Ludden, David, ed., "Reading Subaltern Studies. Critical History, Contested Meaning and the Globalization of South Asia", London 2001.
*Chaturvedi, Vinayak, ed., "Mapping Subaltern Studies and the Postcolonial". London and New York 2000.
* [http://www.lawrence.edu/dept/english/courses/60A/handouts/poco.html Tim Spurgin's notes on Subaltern Studies] and other topics in postcolonialism
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