Royal Anglian Regiment


Royal Anglian Regiment

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Royal Anglian Regiment


caption=Cap Badge of the Royal Anglian Regiment
dates=September 1964-
country=United Kingdom
branch=Army
type=Line Infantry
command_structure=Queen's Division
role=1st Battalion - Mechanised Infantry
2nd Battalion - Light Role
3rd Battalion - TA Reserve
size= Three battalions
current_commander=
garrison= RHQ - Bury St Edmunds
1st Battalion - Pirbright
2nd Battalion - Celle, Germany
3rd Battalion - Bury St Edmunds
ceremonial_chief=HRH The Duke of Gloucester, KG, GCVO
ceremonial_chief_label=Colonel in Chief
colonel_of_the_regiment= General JC McColl CBE DSO
nickname="The Vikings" (1st Battalion)
"The Poachers" (2nd Battalion)
"The Steelbacks" (3rd Battalion)
motto=
colors=
identification_symbol=
identification_symbol_label=Tactical Recognition Flashes
identification_symbol_2=Salamanca Eagle
From Essex Regiment
identification_symbol_2_label=Arm Badge
identification_symbol_3=R ANGLIAN
identification_symbol_3_label=Abbreviation
march=Quick - "Rule Britannia/Speed the Plough"
Slow - "The Northamptonshire"
mascot=
battles=
notable_commanders=
anniversaries=1 August - Minden
1 September - Formation Day
The Royal Anglian Regiment (R ANGLIAN) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division.

The regiment was formed in 1964 as one of the new large infantry regiments, through the amalgamation of the four regiments of the East Anglian Brigade.

* 1st Battalion (Royal Norfolk and Suffolk) from the 1st Bn of the 1st East Anglian Regiment
* 2nd Battalion - 1st Bn, 2nd East Anglian Regiment
* 3rd Battalion (16th/44th Foot) - 1st Bn, 3rd East Anglian Regiment
* 4th Battalion - 1st Bn, The Royal Leicestershire Regiment

The Royal Anglian Regiment serves as the county regiment for the following counties:
* Bedfordshire
* Cambridgeshire
* Essex
* Hertfordshire
* Leicestershire
* Lincolnshire
* Norfolk
* Northamptonshire
* Rutland
* Suffolk

History

Initially formed of seven battalions (four regular and three TA), the regiment was reduced in 1975 with the loss of the 4th (Leicestershire) Battalion to three regular battalions and three TA. The regiment was reduced again in 1992 to two regular and two TA battalions with the loss of the 3rd (16th/44th Foot) and 5th Battalions. As one of the existing large regiments, the Royal Anglian Regiment is unaffected by the restructuring of the infantry that was announced in 2004. The remaining Territorial battalion of the regiment, the East of England Regiment was re-designated on the 1st of April 2006 as the 3rd Battalion Royal Anglian Regiment as part of the reforms.

The two regular battalions have the nicknames the "Vikings" (1st Bn) and the "Poachers" (2nd Bn). The old regular 3rd Battalion was nicknamed the "Pompadours".

In 1995, each battalion renamed its companies in order to perpetuate its lineage from the old County regiments:

*1st Battalion 'The Vikings'
**A (Royal Norfolk) Company (after the Royal Norfolk Regiment)
**B (Suffolk) Company (after the Suffolk Regiment)
**C (Essex) Company (after the Essex Regiment)
**D (Cambridgeshire) Company (after the Cambridgeshire Regiment)

*2nd Battalion 'The Poachers'
**A (Royal Lincolnshire) Company
**B (Royal Leicestershire) Company
**C (Northamptonshire) Company
**D (Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire) Company

*3rd (V) Battalion 'The Steelbacks'
**A (Norfolk) Company
**B (Lincolnshire) Company
**C (Leicestershire & Northamptonshire) Company
**E (Essex & Hertfordshire) Company
**HQ (Suffolk & Cambridgeshire) Company

All regular battalions of the regiment have carried out tours-of-duty throughout "The Troubles" in Northern Ireland. The most costly time for the regiment in NI occurred in the 1970s and 1980s when they lost eighteen soldiers, the last in 1989. Despite violence in Northern Ireland having largely subsided, the regiment continues to be posted there. When in Northern Ireland, the R ANGLIANs, like the rest of the Army, is primarily used to provide support to the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

Throughout the 1960s, the regiment served in Aden, where they operated against guerillas fighting against the British presence such as in the Radfan. They also garrisoned Malta, the Persian Gulf, and Cyprus. The regiment has continued to carry out tours of Cyprus into recent times; the last was carried out by 2 R ANGLIAN in 1998.

The 1st battalion also served in Northern Ireland between Aug 89 to Jan 90 (South Armagh), Apr to Oct 91 (Fermanargh) and Dec 93 to June 94 (Co Tyrone). They also did short tours of Cyprus (1992) and the U.S. (Fort Lewis) in 1995. Also in 1995 the 1st Battalion was sent to Croatia during the time UN soldiers were being taken hostage by local militia. As part of 24 Airmobile Brigade they were sent there between July and Oct of that year.

During the crisis in the Balkans in the early 1990s, 2 R ANGLIAN was deployed to Bosnia in April 1994 as part of the UN peacekeeping force UNPROFOR. The battalion left later in the year, having suffered a single loss by a landmine. Shortly after British forces intervened in Sierra Leone during its civil war, the 2nd Battalion briefly joined the IMATT force in June 2000 to help train the Sierra Leonean armed forces.

In 1996 C Company (1st Bn) was sent with the Parachute Brigade that was taking part in the biggest Airborne exercise since the Second World War in South Carolina, U.S. During this exercise WOII "Boogie" Boulton was killed in a Road Traffic Accident (RTA).

In March 2002, 1 R ANGLIAN was sent to Afghanistan, where it was based in the capital Kabul as part of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). The battalion often patrolled the more dangerous parts of the capital to maintain order in a city under constant fear of attack by Al Qaida and the Taliban. The ISAF force at that time was commanded by Major-General John McColl, a former officer with 1 R ANGLIAN and 2 R ANGLIAN; he commanded the latter between 1992–1994. The battalion left in June, having suffered a single loss due to an accident. The following February, A company of 2 R ANGLIAN was posted to Kabul in June 2003. They were replaced by C Company in June.

In 2005 1 R ANGLIAN had a successful tour in Iraq as part of Op TELIC 6 where the battle group was responsible the Basra Rural South area of operations. C (Essex) Company was detached to act as a Brigade Operations Company and was involved in several high profile arrest operations including the arrest in Basra of 14 insurgents.

In spring 2006 2 R ANGLIAN deployed to Iraq as part of Op TELIC 8 and formed Basrah City South Battlegroup. C (Northamptonshire) company was detached to operate as part of Force Reserve and was involved in many high profile arrest and strike operations. During the tour the Regiment mourned the loss of two soldiers; on 13 May 2006 Private Joseva Lewaicei and Adam Morris died as a result of injuries sustained from a roadside bomb attack in Basra. A third soldier was badly injured.

From March to September 2007 as part of 12th Mechanised Brigade 1 R Anglian was deployed to Afghanistan as part of Operation Herrick 6. This deployment was the subject of the Sky One documentary "Ross Kemp in Afghanistan", broadcast in January/February 2008. They were stationed in the infamous Helmand Province and faced some of the fiercest fighting since the Korean War. The fighting attracted much media attention due to the ferocity of the combat with soldiers often having to resort to using bayonets. The battalion suffered 9 casualties during its tour, 5 hostile and 4 accident [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/5121552.stm BBC NEWS | UK | British military fatalities in Afghanistan] ]

1 R ANGLIAN (as of 2007) is part of 12th Mechanised Brigade, based in Pirbright. As mechanised infantry the battalion primarily operates the Saxon. By the end of the arms plot in 2009, the 1st Battalion will be permanently based at Bulford.

2 R ANGLIAN (as of 2007) is part of the 7 Armoured Brigade 'The Desert Rats' and is based at Celle in Germany . The battalion operates in the light infantry role, primarily operating the Land Rover.

23 August, 2007 friendly fire incident

In a reported friendly fire incident, on 23 August 2007, one of a pair United States Air Force F-15E fighter aircraft called in to support a fighting patrol of the 1st Battalion in Afghanistan dropped a bomb which killed three soldiers in the patrol, and injuring two others. It was subsequently revealed that the F-15 in question was based at RAF Lakenheath in Suffolk. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6962071.stm BBC NEWS | UK | 'Friendly fire' kills UK soldiers ] ]

The Bermuda Regiment

The Royal Anglian Regiment has a unique relationship with the Bermuda Regiment, a Territorial battalion of the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda. Although the Bermuda Regiment is usually described as an affiliated regiment, its relationship to the Regiment is more akin to that of one of Royal Anglian's own TA battalions. The Bermuda Regiment is an amalgamation of the old Bermuda Militia Artillery and Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps (BVRC, which had been renamed the "Bermuda Rifles"). During the Great War, the latter unit had sent two drafts to serve as part of the 1 Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment, one of Royal Anglian Regiment's predecessors, on the Western Front. The affiliation of the Lincolns and the BVRC was made official after the War, with the Lincolns adopting the same role it fulfilled to its own TA battalions: providing seconded Permanent Staff Instructors and officers. The BVRC sent two more drafts to the Lincolns during the Second World War. When the BVRC was amalgamated into the Bermuda Regiment in 1965, the Royal Anglian Regiment, as successor to the Royal Lincolns, continued the paternal relationship. In addition to providing a PSI to each of the Bermuda Regiment's companies, many other Royal Anglian Regiment personnel have been seconded or loaned to the Bermuda Regiment over the years. The Bermuda Regiment's first nine Adjutants (from 1965 to 1984) were all RAR officers. Three of its past Regimental Sergeant Majors were seconded from the Royal Anglian Regiment. In 1992, the Bermuda Regiment had two serving Lieutenant-Colonels, as its Staff Officer, a Royal Anglian Major, was promoted to the same rank as its Commanding Officer (CO). In 1996, the Bermuda Regiment's Second-In-Command, Staff Officer, and Adjutant were all on secondment from the Royal Anglians. Additionally, senior NCOs are loaned to the Bermuda Regiment for the duration of its annual Recruit Camps, with one attached to each platoon of its Training Company.

The Junior NCOs (Corporals and Lance-Corporals) of the Bermuda Regiment attend Skill-At-Arms courses at the Royal Anglian Regiment depot, and many Bermuda Regiment officers and NCOs have served on attachment with the Royal Anglians. During the 1980s, the entire cadre of officers, warrant officers, and NCOs of the Bermuda Regiment was briefly attached to a battalion of Royal Anglians deployed to Belize.

Future Army Structure

Although there was some doubt, the Regiment has continued unchanged after the reorganisation as part of the Queen's Division. However the Regiment regained its third battalion as successors to the East of England Regiment. The new battalion is called the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment and is composed of local Territorial soldiers.

Traditions

*Regimental Quick March: "Rule Britannia and Speed the Plough"
*Regimental Slow March: "The Northamptonshire"

Regimental Days
*1 August - Minden Day
*1 September - The Royal Anglian Regiment Formation Day

Celebrated by the individual battalions (in date order)

*2nd Battalion: 10 February - Sobraon Day
*1st Battalion: 17 March - St Patrick's Day
*1st Battalion: 25 April - Almanza Day
*2nd Battalion: 25 June - Hindoostan Day
*1st Battalion: 27 June - Dettingen Day
*1st Battalion: 22 July - Salamanca Day
*2nd Battalion: 27 July - Talavera Day
*2nd Battalion: 13 August - Blenheim Day

Order of Precedence

Lineage

Associated Cadet Forces

The Army sections of several contingents of the Combined Cadet Force are associated with the Regiment. Approximate numbers are as follows:

*Gresham's School 270 cadets
*Stamford School 170 cadets
*St Columba's College, St Albans 100 cadets
*Kimbolton School 90 cadets
*Woodbridge School 143 cadets
*Oakham School 70 cadets
*Ipswich School 50 cadets
*Wymondham College 40 cadets
*King Edward VI Grammar School, Louth 120 cadets

The Army Cadet Force also has many detachments that are associated with the regiment such as:

*33 Company, City of London and NE Sector
*32 Company, City of London and NE Sector

Alliances

*flagicon|Canada The Lincoln and Welland Regiment
*flagicon|Canada The Essex and Kent Scottish
*flagicon|Canada The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment
*flagicon|Canada Sherbrooke Hussars
*flagicon|Australia Royal Tasmania Regiment
*flagicon|New Zealand Auckland (Countess of Ranfurly's Own) and Northland Regiment
*flagicon|Pakistan 5th Battalion, The Frontier Force Regiment
*flagicon|Malaysia 1st Battalion, The Royal Malay Regiment
*flagicon|Barbados The Barbados Regiment
*flagicon|South Africa Regiment de la Rey First City Regiment
*flagicon|Bermuda The Bermuda Regiment
*flagicon|Gibraltar The Royal Gibraltar Regiment
*flagicon|Belize The Belize Defence Force
*

References

External links

* [http://http://www2.army.mod.uk/royalanglian/index.htm]
* [http://www.royalanglianmuseum.org.uk/index.html The Royal Anglian Regiment Museum]
* [http://www.inLoughborough.com/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=556 Photographs of the Royal Anglian Regiment taken at Loughborough]


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