- Berliner-Joyce P-16
name = P-16
type = Two-seat fighter
Berliner-Joyce Aircraft Corporation
first flight =
introduced = 1932
retired = 1940
primary user =
United States Army Air Corps
more users =
number built = 26
unit cost =
developed from =
variants with their own articles =
The Berliner-Joyce P-16 was a 1920s
United Statestwo-seat fighter aircraftproduced by Berliner-Joyce Aircraft Corporation.
Design and development
The Berliner-Joyce Aircraft Corporation was established in February 1929 when it acquired the assets of the Berliner Aircraft Company. The new company had intended to develop the
Berliner Monoplanebut became involved in designing a two-seat fighter for the United States Army Air Corps. The prototype (designated the Berliner-Joyce XP-16) first flew in October 1929. It had a metal structure with a fabric covering. It was a single-bay biplaneof unequal span, with the wings forward-staggered. The lower wing was smaller than the upper and was mounted at the base of the fuselage. The upper wing was of gull-wing configuration. An observer/gunner was located behind the pilot. The aircraft was powered by a 600 hp (447 kW) Curtiss V-1570Conqueror supercharged inline engine. After evaluation by the USAAC two contracts were awarded for a total of 25 aircraft as YP-16s (the first 15 were considered preproduction). The main difference with the production aircraft was the use of an unsupercharged version of the Conqueror engine, and a three-bladed propeller.
During 1931, the USAAC ordered the aircraft and the US Navy ordered a carrier-based version, the XF2J-1. The Berliner-Joyce YP-16 had the distinction of being the last biplane fighter to enter service with the USAAC. In addition, the P-16 remained the only two-seat biplane fighter to be produced for the army after 1918.
Delivered in 1932 as the "Y1P-16" primarily equipping the 94th Pursuit Squadron, the production aircraft were later re-designated PB-1 (pursuit-biplace, an awkward name for the class of aircraft and only applied to one other type) Wagner 1968, p. 184-185. ] . Without the prototype's supercharger, performance at altitude was appreciably reduced although the aircraft had a greater endurance than contemporary single-seat pursuits. Despite the gull-wing, pilots had poor visibility over the nose which contributed to service pilots having a propensity to nose-over on landing.
All Berliner-Joyce PB-1s were withdrawn from active service in 1934, although a small number of aircraft continued in second line duties until 1940.. Note: The poor visibility over the nose and the landing characteristics doomed the XF2J-1, especially in light of the availability of the superior Grumman FF-1.]
;XP-16:Prototype with 600hp V-1570-25 engine, one built.;Y1P-16:Production version, became P-16 after evaluation, 25 built.;P-16:In-service designation of the 25 production aircraft, re-designated PB-1 in 1935.;PB-1:Production aircraft re-designated from P-16 in 1935.
United States Army Air Corps
plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop
length main= 28 ft 2 in
length alt= 8.59 m
span main= 34 ft 0 in
span alt= 10.36 m
height main= 10 ft 2 in
height alt= 3.10 m
area main= 290.64 ft²
area alt= 27 m²
empty weight main= 2,734 lb
empty weight alt= 1240 kg
loaded weight main=
loaded weight alt=
max takeoff weight main= 3,968 lb
max takeoff weight alt= 1800 kg
Curtiss V-1570-25 Conqueror
type of prop= inline piston
number of props=1
power main= 600 hp
power alt= 447 kw
max speed main= 172 mph
max speed alt= 282 km/h
range main= 650 miles
range alt= 1046 km
climb rate main=
climb rate alt=
armament= two fixed forward firing and one flexible mounted 0.3in (7.62mm) machine guns, maximum bombload of 224lb (102 kg)
* Dorr, Robert F. and Donald, David. "Fighters of the United State Air Force: From World War I Pursuits to the F-117". New York: Military Press, 1990. ISBN 0-51766-994-3.
* "The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985)". London: Orbis Publishing.
* Wagner, Ray. "American Combat Planes". New York: Doubleday and Company, 1968. ISBN 0-385-04134-9.
* [http://home.att.net/~jbaugher1/p16.html Berliner-Joyce P-16/PB-1]
* [http://www.aerofiles.com/_berlin.html Berliner-Joyce]
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