Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha

Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha
A group photo taken in Shimoga in 1944 when Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (seated fourth from right, second row) came to address the State-level Hindu Mahasabha conference. The late Bhoopalam Chandrashekariah, president of the Hindu Mahasabha State unit, is seated to Savarkar's left.

The Akhil Bhārat Hindū Mahāsabhā (Hindi: अखिल भारत हिन्दू महासभा, English: All-Indian Hindu Assembly) is a Hindu nationalist political party in India. It was founded in 1915, as an alternative for Hindus who were not attracted to the secular Indian National Congress and sought to oppose the Muslim separatism of the Muslim League.


The Mahasabha promoted the principles of Hindutva, a Hindu nationalist ideology developed by its pre-eminent leader Vinayak Damodar Savarkar.the Mahasabha identified India as "Hindu Rashtra" (Hindu Nation). Although it broadly supported the Indian National Congress in its efforts to attain national independence, it criticised the Congress commitment to non-violence, civil disobedience, secularism and its efforts to integrate Muslims and hold dialogue with the separatist Muslim League party, which the Mahasabha deemed to be appeasement.


Although it remained a relatively small political party, the Mahasabha's members at various times included pre-eminent Indian political leaders such as Madan Mohan Malaviya, founder of the Benaras Hindu University; Dr. K. B. Hedgewar, founder of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and the former chief minister of the Central Provinces and Berar; Syama Prasad Mookerjee of Bengal, who served as Central Minister in Nehru's cabinet; and Narayan Bhaskar Khare, who served as the Mahasabha's president from 1949 to 1951. The Mahasabha's influence was hindered by its opposition to the widely-popular civil disobedience campaigns led by the Congress Party to achieve Indian independence from British rule. The restrictions imposed by the British authorities on the political activities of its leader Vinayak Damodar Savarkar also impaired its development.

Due to the rise of the Muslim League's campaign for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan and growing acrimony between Hindus and Muslims, the Mahasabha increasingly became home to radical Hindu activists. With the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Savarkar and the Mahasabha laid blame on the Congress leaders, especially Mahatma Gandhi, for appeasing the Muslims and making too many concessions it considered detrimental to Hindu interests.

On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse. Subsequent police investigations revealed that Godse and his confederates were members of the Hindu Mahasabha, and close confidants of Savarkar. Although Savarkar himself was acquitted of involvement by the courts, the conviction of the rest led to a major popular backlash against the Hindu Mahasabha.

A good number of Hindu Mahasabhaites joined the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, founded in 1951 under the leadership of Syama Prasad Mookerjee, who had joined with the RSS. Mookerjee had left Mahasabha after his proposal to allow Muslims to gain membership was turned down by Savarkar. In 1980, the BJS transformed into the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which is today India's largest party aside from the Congress.

The Hindu Mahasabha continued to survive on the fringes of Indian politics. Bishan Chandra Seth of Shahjahanpur was elected twice to the Indian Parliament from Etah and was one of the longest serving parliamentarians from Hindu Mahasabha. Another long-serving parliamentarian from Sabha was Mahant Avaindnath.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hindu Mahasabha — Akhil Bhāratīya Hindū Mahāsabhā (Hindi : अखिल भारत हिन्दू महासभा), (Assemblée entièrement indienne et hindoue) est une organisation nationaliste hindoue, fondée en 1915 dans le but de lutter contre la Ligue musulmane et le Parti du Congrès.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hindu nationalism — is a nationalist ideology that sees the modern state of the Republic of India as a Hindu polity [the proper english translation of Hindu rashtra would be Hindu polity and not Hindu nation . as retrieved from para 1, page vi, editors note, The… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Hindu political parties — This is a list of political parties professing to follow Hindu nationalism or that state that they represent Hinduism.Republic of India*Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha (All India Hindu Council) *Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha [ [http://www.hindutva …   Wikipedia

  • Nikhil Manipuri Mahasabha — Nikhil Manipuri Mahasabha, initially a Hindu nationalist organization founded in Manipur in 1934. NMHM was opposed to the increasing Manipuri nationalism, and sought to protect the interests of Hindus in the state. The organization was modelled… …   Wikipedia

  • Syama Prasad Mookerjee — Shyama Prasad Mookerjee শ্যামপ্রসাদ মুখোপাধ্যায় Personal details Born 6 July 1901(1901 07 06) Kolkata, Bengal, British India Died 23 J …   Wikipedia

  • Durga Vahini — Part of a series on Hindu politics …   Wikipedia

  • Indian general elections 1951–1971 — Election to Indian Lok Sabha between the years of 1951 and 1971. Parties are listed in the following order; First listed are parties registered as National parties, secondly parties registered as State parties and then unrecognized parties that… …   Wikipedia

  • Sita Ram Goel — Sītā Rām Goyal Born 1921 Haryana Died 2003 Occupation writer and publisher Nationality In …   Wikipedia

  • Deendayal Upadhyaya — Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Personal details Born 25 September 1916(1916 09 25) Dhankia in Rajasthan, India Died 11 February 1968(1968 02 11) (aged 51) Political party Bharatiya Jana Sangh Religion Hindu …   Wikipedia

  • Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party — Part of a series on Hindu politics …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.