Taverner's Bible


Taverner's Bible

Taverner's Bible, more correctly called "The Most Sacred Bible whiche is the holy scripture, conteyning the old and new testament, translated into English, and newly recognized with great diligence after most faythful exemplars by Rychard Taverner", is a minor revision of Matthew's Bible edited by Richard Taverner and published in 1539. First editions of Taverner's Bible are extremely rare.

The successful sale of Matthew's Bible, the private venture of the two printers Grafton and Whitchurch, was threatened by a rival edition published in 1539 in folio (Herbert #45) by "John Byddell for Thomas Barthlet" with Richard Taverner as editor. This was, in fact, what would now be called "piracy," being Grafton's Matthew Bible revised by Taverner, a learned member of the Inner Temple and famous Greek scholar. He made many alterations in the Matthew Bible, characterized by critical acumen and a happy choice of strong and idiomatic expressions. He is, perhaps, the first purist among the Biblical translators, endeavouring, whenever possible, to substitute a word of native origin for the foreign expression of his predecessors. He prepared "an experimental translation of the Gospel of Matthew (with a little of Mark), using only words of pure Saxon ancestry" (Daniell 2003:220). This was a radical step in a day when so many others wrote a form of English that adhered so closely to Latin.

His revision seems to have had little influence on subsequent translators, although a few phrases in the King James Bible can be traced to it. Daniell sums up its influence, "indeed a version which had no inflluence" (2003:220).

It was not reprinted in its entirety. Quarto and octavo editions of the New Testament alone were published in the same year as the original edition, and the Old Testament was reprinted as part of a Bible in 1551. The Old Testament and Apocrypha were also issued by Day and Seres in five sections (Herbert #81, #82, #86, #87, #94) between 1549 and 1551.

References

*Daniell, David. "The Bible in English". New Haven & London: Yale University Press. 2003.
* Herbert, A. S. "Historical Catalogue of Printed Editions of the English Bible 1525–1961". London: British and Foreign Bible Society; New York: American Bible Society, 1968. SBN 564-00130 9.

External links

* [http://www.bible-researcher.com/taverners1.html Online version of Sir Frederic G. Kenyon’s article] in "Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible", 1909


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taverner's Bible —  Тавернера Библия …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Taverner — may refer to: *The opera Taverner by Peter Maxwell Davies *Taverner Research, an Australian polling and market research company *Taverner Consort and Players, a period instrument ensemble, orchestra and chamber choirPeople named Taverner include …   Wikipedia

  • Taverner, John — • English composer (1475 1535) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Taverner, John     John Taverner      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Taverner — This interesting surname, with variant spellings Tavinor, Taven(n)er, Tavenor, Tav(i)ner, etc., derives from the Anglo Norman French taverner , itself coming from the Old French tavernier , meaning tavern keeper , and was originally given as an… …   Surnames reference

  • Richard Taverner — (c. 1505 – July 14, 1575) is best known for his Bible translation, The Most Sacred Bible whiche is the holy scripture, conteyning the old and new testament, translated into English, and newly recognized with great diligence after most faythful… …   Wikipedia

  • Early Modern English Bible translations — are those translations of the Bible which were made between about 1500 and 1800, the period of Early Modern English. This was the first major period of Bible translation into the English language including the landmark King James Version and… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Bible translators — This a list of Bible translators by language. =Fox Aleut= *Ivan Evseyevich Popov Veniaminov (Saint Innocent of Alaska) Russian Orthodox, into Fox Aleut =Algonquin= *John Eliot into AlgonquinAmharic*Johann Ludwig Krapf German, parts into Oromo,… …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Taverner — (vers 1505 14 juillet 1575) est surtout connu pour sa traduction de la Bible, The Most Sacred Bible whiche is the holy scripture, conteyning the old and new testament, translated into English, and newly recognized with great diligence after most… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Versions of the Bible — • Article on versions of the Bible in the original languages and in translation. Grouped by source Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Versions of the Bible     Versions of the Bible …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John Taverner —     John Taverner     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Taverner     Composer, b. in the County of Norfolk, England, about 1475; d. at Boston, England, 1535 or 1536. He was organist of Boston Parish Church from 1500 to 1525, when he was appointed… …   Catholic encyclopedia