Chlothar III


Chlothar III
Chlothar III from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum

Chlothar III (or Chlotar, Clothar, Clotaire, Chlotochar, or Hlothar, giving rise to Lothair; 652–73) was the eldest son of Clovis II, king of Neustria and Burgundy, and his queen Balthild. When Clovis died in 658, Chlothar succeeded him under the regency of his mother.

The Historia Langobardorum claims of the early 660s that a Frankish army invaded Provence and then Italy (bk 5, ch V). This force came upon the camp of the Lombard king Grimoald I of Benevento, at Rivoli near Asta. Grimuald pretended to flee. The Franks looted the camp and celebrated. Then, after midnight, Grimuald attacked and drove them back to Neustria.

After the death of Saint Eligius in 661, the Life of Eligius — written soon after Chlothar's death — records that a plague reduced the population of France's cities. A plague in the British Isles, according to Bede, did the same there in 664.

During the regency, Austrasians begged for a king of their own and sometime between 660 and 662, the Neustrians gave Austrasia to another son of Clovis II, Chlothar's brother Childeric II.

Also during his reign, the mayor of the palace Erchinoald died and a council of Franks elected Ebroin to replace him. As of 668, Bede tells that Ebroin was running the nation's foreign policy and internal security. Given that the Liber historiae Francorum admits four years for Chlothar's reign, it remains possible that Chlothar began to exert some real authority when his mentors deemed him an adult, 669.

Chlothar died in Spring 673. He was buried in Saint Denis Basilica and a tomb, probably his, was discovered there recently. Then, his brother Theuderic III succeeded him.

It is notable that he is often described as the first roi fainéant—do-nothing king—of the Merovingian dynasty; and at least until the last four years of his life this description is fitting.

Chlothar III
Born: 652 Died: 673
Preceded by
Childebert the Adopted
King of Austrasia
661–662
Succeeded by
Childeric II
Preceded by
Clovis II
King of Neustria and Burgundy
655–673
Succeeded by
Theuderic III
Vacant
Title last held by
Dagobert I
King of the Franks
661–662
Vacant
Title next held by
Childeric II

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  • Chlothar IV — (or Chlotar, Clothar, Clotaire, Chlotochar, or Hlothar, giving rise to Lothair; died ca. 719), king of Austrasia (717–18), was installed by the mayor of the palace, Charles Martel, as an ally during the civil war that was then raging. In 717,… …   Wikipedia

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  • Chlothar — Clotaire Chlothar (Latin Chlotharius; French Clotaire) is a Germanic given name, which evolved into the later form Lothair (Lotharius). It is a combination of the words hlut = loud and heri = army, warrior. It can refer to the following kings of… …   Wikipedia

  • Chlothar IV. — Chlothar IV. († 719) war merowingischer Frankenkönig in Austrasien von 717 bis 719. Vermutlich war er der Sohn des Frankenkönigs Childebert III. eventuell aber auch von Theuderich III. Die Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Plektrudis, Karl Martell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Chlothar — (Chlotachar), Name mehrerer fränk. Könige aus dem Geschlechte der Merowinger: 1) C. 1., Chlodwigs I. und Klothildens jüngster Sohn, erhielt 511 bei der Teilung des Reiches den nördlichen Teil mit Soissons. 523 und 524 bekriegte er mit seinen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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