Alraune


Alraune

"Alraune" (German for "Mandrake") is a novel by German novelist Hanns Heinz Ewers published in 1911. It is also the name of the female lead character.

Legend

The basis of the story of Alraune dates to the Middles Ages in Germany. The humanoid-shaped Mandrake root or "Mandragora officinarum" was widely believed to be produced by the semen of hanged men under the gallows. Alchemists claimed that hanged men ejaculated after their necks were broken and that the earth absorbed their final "strengths". In some versions, it is blood instead of semen. The root itself was used in love philtres and potions while its fruit was supposed to facilitate pregnancy. Witches who "made love" to the Mandrake root were said to produce offspring which had no feelings of real love and had no soul.Fact|date=October 2007

Fiction

The novel deviates from the myth by concentrating on the issues of artificial insemination and individuality: genetics versus environment. A scientist, Professor Jakob ten Brincken, interested in the laws of heredity, impregnates a prostitute in a laboratory with the semen of a hanged murderer. The prostitute conceives a female child who has no concept of love, whom the professor adopts. The girl, Alraune, suffers from obsessive sexuality and perverse relationships throughout her life. She learns of her unnatural origins and she revenges herself against the professor.

There have been a number of films based on the myth and the novel of "Alraune".

* 1918 - "Alraune", an 80 minute Hungarian movie which is now believed to be lost

* 1918 - "Alraune, die Henkerstochter, genannt die rote Hanne", an 88 minute German movie directed by Eugen Illés
* 1928 - "Alraune", also known as "Unholy Love", a 125 minute black and white, silent German version directed by Henrik (Heinrich) Galeen. It starred Brigitte Helm as Alraune and Paul Wegener as the scientist Professor Jakob ten Brinken. It uses the novel and is regarded by critics as the definitive version of Alraune. When this film was first shown in Britain, film censors removed the details of the woman's origins, thereby making the story and motivations confusing to British audiences.

* 1930 - "Alraune", also known as "The Daughter of Evil", a 103 minute black and white German version directed by Richard Oswald and again starring Brigitte Helm as Alma Raune (Alraune). This is the sound version of the above film.

* 1952 - "Alraune", or "The Unnatural", a black and white German version directed by Arthur Maria Rabenalt. This had an all-star German cast including Hildegard Knef as Alraune and Erich von Stroheim as the scientist.

Several movies have shown the influence of the Alraune theme:

*"Embryo" (1976)
*The "Species" trilogy:
**"Species" (1995)
**"Species II" (1998)
**"Species III" (2004)

ee also

*Mandrake
*Alruna
*Artificial insemination
*Gynoid
*Homunculus
*Nature versus nurture
*List of films made in Weimar Germany


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  • Alraune — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Alraune (alemán para Mandrake) es una novela del novelista alemán Hanns Heinz Ewers publicado en 1911. También es el nombre de la protagonista femenina. Leyenda La base de la historia de Alraune data de la Edad Media …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alraune — (aus ahd. alb für ‚Elfen‘ und ahd. runa für ‚raunen‘) bezeichnet: Alraunen, die Pflanzengattung Mandragora Alraune (Kulturgeschichte), die Alraunwurzel einen weiblichen Vornamen, siehe Alrun Alraune (Comic), eine 8… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alraune — Die mit Alraune gebildeten Redensarten stehen in Beziehung zum Volksglauben. Die Alraune (Mandragora) ist eine Wurzel von menschenähnlicher Gestalt, die zu zauberischen Zwecken verwendet wurde. Der Mandragora Glaube ist orientalischen Ursprungs… …   Das Wörterbuch der Idiome

  • Alraune — Alraun, gewöhnlich Alraune: Der Name der als zauberkräftig angesehenen menschenähnlichen Wurzel der Alraunpflanze (Mandragora) lautete in den älteren Sprachzuständen mhd. alrūne, ahd. alrūn‹a›. Diese Benennung ist wahrscheinlich durch… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Alraune — Mandragora; Alraunwurzel; Alraun * * * Al|rau|ne 〈f. 19〉 = Alraunwurzel * * * Al|rau|ne, die; , n: 1. [mhd. alrūn(e), ahd. alrūn(a), aus ahd. alb …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alraune — althochdeutscher Ursprung, Nebenform von → Adelrune (Bedeutungszusammensetzung aus: »edel« und »Geheimnis«). Der gleichnamigen giftigen Heilpflanze wurden früher Zauberkräfte nachgesagt …   Deutsch namen

  • Alraune —    Voir La Mandragore2 …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Alraune — Al|rau|ne, die; , n (menschenähnlich aussehende Zauberwurzel; Zauberwesen) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Alraune (1928 film) — Alraune Directed by Henrik Galeen Produced by Helmut Schreiber Written by …   Wikipedia

  • Alraune (Roman) — Alraune. Die Geschichte eines lebendigen Wesens ist ein phantastischer Roman von Hanns Heinz Ewers, der im Jahr 1911 veröffentlicht wurde. Der Roman beginnt mit einer künstlichen Befruchtung, in der das Mädchen Alraune erzeugt wird. Die Mutter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia