- Inter-city rail
Inter-city rail services are express
trainpassenger services which cover longer distances than commuter trains.
Inter-city services are reasonably well developed in
North Africa, although sometimes prone to delay or interrupted by civil disturbances. Moroccan Railways and Egyptian National Railwaysrun fast, air-conditioned trains linking the major cities in these countries. Algeriais served by the SNTF. South Africahas an extensive inter-city network run by Shosholoza Meyl, a division of Spoornet. The most famous inter-city services are the luxury Blue Trainbetween Pretoriaand Cape Town, the Trans-Oranjebetween Cape Town and Durban, and the Trans-Natal Expressbetween Durban and Johannesburg.
In West-Africa we find services over the
Dakar-Niger Railway, connecting for example Malito Senegal.
The inter-city trains run by
China Railwayslink almost every town and city in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Xi'an, and Hong Kong. The Beijing-Shanghai Express Railwaywas scheduled for completion before the 2008 Summer Olympics, but is currently delayed due to controversy. Indian inter-city trains are run by Indian Railways. With 63,000 km of rail routes and 6,800 stations, the railway network in India is the third biggest in the world (after Russia and China) and the biggest in the world in terms of passenger kilometres. All long-distance journeys require a reservation.
Vietnam, run by Vietnam Railways, link Hanoi, Hué, Danang, Nha Trang, and Ho Chi Minh City. There is only one train service in Cambodia, from Battambangto Phnom Penh, running once a week.
All major towns and cities in
South Koreaare linked by railway, run by Korean National Railroad. In addition, Seouland Pusanare linked by a high-speed train line known as KTX, which was built using French TGV technology. Japanhas six main regional passenger railway companies, known collectively as Japan Railways Groupor simply as JR. Four JR companies operate the "bullet trains" on the Shinkansenlines that link all the larger cities, including Niigata, Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka, Hiroshimaand Fukuoka. Many other cities are covered by a network of JR's " limited express" inter-city trains on narrow gauge lines. In addition to the JR Group, Japan has several major regional carriers such as the Kintetsuand Nagoya Railroads.
Other Asian railway networks running inter-city services:
Sri Lanka Government Railway
State Railway of Thailand
Keretapi Tanah Melayu( Malaysia), with its KTM Intercityservices.
PT Kereta Api Indonesia
Australia, the national interstate network operated by Great Southern Railway connects all mainland Australian capital cities except Canberra and Brisbane. Intrastate inter-city trains that traverse shorter distances are operated by V/Line, CountryLink, Queensland Railand Transwa. Many of Australia's inter-city trains are not true inter-city services, given their leisurely average speed and primary role to transport people between regional areas and the nearest capital city or for the tourist market. As a result, Australian networks refer to these services as "country" trains. Australians usually fly between capital cities, given the massive distance involved in travel in Australia and the lack of dedication to providing quality rail services by both the Commonwealth and State governments. The fastest intercity trains in regular service are the tilting trains used by Queensland Rail, which have a top speed of 160 km/h and an average of only 80 km/h.
Australia, electrified interurban commuter railway systems are used to connect urban areas separated by long distances and use heavy rail equipment:
Sydney CityRailoperates an extensive interurban network of four main routes from Sydney. These run to Newcastle and the Central Coast, the Blue Mountains, the Southern Highlands and the South Coast. CityRailhas rebranded its interurban commuter services as "intercity".
On these systems, services either run as limited-stop expresses in the suburban area (e.g. Blue Mountains services) or as shuttles terminating where the suburban lines end (e,g. Rosewood services).
A large scale non-electric project of four regional lines (Regional Fast Rail) is also planned for Victoria. Current interurban and intercity journeys outside the suburban area are usually locomotive-hauled, due to Victoria's lack of electrification outside of
Europe, many long-distance inter-urban trains are operated under the InterCity(Intercity, or often simply IC) brand. The term "InterCity" originated with British Rail's InterCity sector, but it went out of official use in the UK following privatisation. The UK service became very popular in Britain in the 1970s thanks in part to an advertising campaign fronted by Jimmy Savile.
The principal network of international express trains in continental Europe is called
EuroCity, to distinguish it from the national InterCity networks and to indicate its better support for international journeys even though some IC trains also cross borders. High-speed railways have particularly few stops. The German high-speed train service was named InterCityExpressindicating its evolution from older InterCity trains. Other high-speed lines include the TGV( France), AVE( Spain) and Treno Alta Velocità( Italy).
Great Britain, the inter-city rail links are now operated by a number of private companies such as Virgin Trains and First Great Western. In Ireland, the inter-city rail network is maintained by Iarnród Éireannand Northern Ireland Railways.
United States, the inter-city trains are operated by Amtrakover a network that is far less dense than the European one. The most heavily used routes with the greatest ridership and schedule frequencies are in the Northeastern United States, on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor. About one in every three users of mass transit in the United States and two-thirds of the nation's rail riders live in New York City. The two busiest passenger rail stations in the United States are Penn Station and Grand Central Terminal, both in New York City. Passenger rail outside of the Northeast, California, and Chicagois infrequent and rarely used relative to networks in Europe and Japan.
Canadian inter-city trains are run by
VIA Rail, and connect most of the major cities. International trains, run jointly by Amtrak and VIA Rail, connect New Yorkwith Torontoand Montreal, and Seattlewith Vancouver.
Rail service in
Alaskais not provided by Amtrak, instead, the Alaska Railroadoperates passenger service within the state of Alaska.
The Mexican federal government discontinued almost all scheduled inter-city passenger trains in January 2000.
Ferromexoperates trains on two routes: Chihuahuato Los Mochis, and Guadalajara to Amatitan.
Argentinahas inter-city services on a number of routes, run by Ferrobaires, Ferrocentral, and Trenes Especiales Argentinos. Trains in Argentina are experiencing a revival, since the government intends to re-establish long-distance passenger trains between major cities. High-speed rail is in consideration for the Buenos Aires- Rosario stretch with links to Córdoba. See: Buenos Aires-Rosario-Córdoba high-speed railway Brazilian inter-city services operate on one route, from Vitóriato Belo Horizonteand Carajásto São Luis.
Inter-city train services in
Boliviaare operated by two train companies: Eastern and Western. The western network runs daily trains from Oruro to Tupiza, with both espresso (fast) and WaraWara (slow) trains. The eastern rail hub is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, with connections to Puerto Suarezand Villamontes, and international lines to Brazil and Argentina.
A few countries of South America were once interconnected by international train services, today they are almost non-existent. Most of governments in the continent have favoured roads and automobile transportation since mid-20th century.
Railway electrification systems
Railway stations in the Netherlands#Categories(spelling: "intercity")
* [http://www.seat61.com/ The Man in Seat 61] Information on train travel worldwide
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