StatoilHydro

StatoilHydro

Infobox_Company | company_name = StatoilHydro ASA
company_type = Public (ose|STL, nyse|STO)
company_
company_slogan =
foundation = October 1, 2007
location = Stavanger, Norway
key_people = Helge Lund (CEO), Svein Rennemo (Chairman of the board)
num_employees = 29,500 (2007)
industry = Oil and gas
products = Oil, natural gas, petrochemicals
revenue = NOK 522.8 billion (2007)cite web |url=http://www.statoilhydro.com/en/InvestorCentre/AnnualReport/2007/Downloads/SH%2020F%202007.pdf |title=Annual Report 2007 |publisher=StatoilHydro |accessdate=2008-05-28]
operating_income = profit NOK 137.2 billion (2007)
net_income = profit NOK 44.6 billion (2007)
homepage = [http://www.statoilhydro.com www.statoilhydro.com]
intl = yes

StatoilHydro ASA (ose|STL, nyse|STO) is a Norwegian energy company, formed by the 2007 merger of Statoil with the oil and gas division of Norsk Hydro. [cite web |url=http://www.offshore247.com/news/article.asp?Id=7695 |author=Offshore247 |title=StatoilHydro signature unveiled |date=2007-05-10 |accessdate=2007-06-20] StatoilHydro is the biggest offshore oil and gas company in the worldcite web |url=http://www.ocean-resources.com/news/ournews.asp?NewsID=5709 Norwegian Parliament |author=Ocean Resources |title=Okays Statoil-Hydro Merger |date=2007-06-11 |accessdate=2007-06-20] and the largest company by revenue in the Nordic Region.cite web |url=http://e24.no/naeringsliv/article1574917.ece |title=Blant verdens 50 største |author=E24 |date=2006-12-19 |accessdate=2007-10-18] The company is a fully-integrated petroleum company with production operations in thirteen countries and retail operations in eight.

Operations

Upstream

StatoilHydro is the largest operator on the Norwegian continental shelf, with 60% of the total production. The field operated are Glitne, Gullfaks, Heidrun, Huldra, Kristin, Kvitebjørn, Mikkel, Norne, Ormen Lange, Sleipner, Snorre, Snøhvit, Statfjord, Sygna, Tordis, Troll, Veslefrikk, Vigdis, Visund, Volve and Åsgard. The company also has processing plants at Kolsnes, Kårstø, Mongstad, Tjeldbergodden and Melkøya.

In addition to the Norwegian continental shelf, StatoilHydro operates oil and gas fields in Algeria, Angola, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Canada, China, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Russia, United States and Venezuela. StatoilHydro has offices that are looking for possible ventures in the countries of Egypt, Mexico, Qatar and United Arab Emirates. The company has processing plants in Belgium, Denmark, France and Germany. In 2006, Statoil was approved to become the world's largest project to implement carbon sequestration as a means to mitigate carbon emissions to the atmosphere.

Midstream

StatoilHydro is involved in a number of pipelines, including Zeepipe, Statpipe, Europipe I and Europipe II, and Franpipe from the Norwegian continental shelf to Western Europe in addition to the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline in Central Asia. The pipelines from Norway are organized through Gassled.

The company has trading offices for crude oil, refined petroleum products and natural gas liquids in London, Stamford and Singapore.

Downstream

The company operates three brands of fuel stations: Statoil, Hydro and 1-2-3. StatoilHydro operates petrol station services in Denmark, Estonia, Ireland Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden. Some fully automated stations are branded 1-2-3. In Sweden the company also operates Hydro stations. In total StatoilHydro has about 2,000 fuel stations. In mid-2008, Statoil service stations in the Republic of Ireland began to rebrand as Topaz, following the acquisition of the company in 2006 by Irish oil firm Topaz Energy Group.

History

The heritage of StatoilHydro derives from the three major Norwegian petroleum companies Statoil, Norsk Hydro and Saga Petroleum (the latter two merged in 1999).

tatoil

Den Norske Stats Oljeselskap A/S was founded as a private limited company owned by the Government of Norway on July 14, 1972 by a unanimous act passed by the Norwegian parliament Stortinget. The political motivation was Norwegian participation in the oil industry on the continental shelf and to build up Norwegian competency within the petroleum industry to establish the foundations of a domestic petroleum industry. Statoil was required to discuss important issues with the Minister of Industry, later Minister of Petroleum and Energy. Statoil was also required to submit an annual report to the parliament.

In 1973 the company started work acquiring a presence in the petrochemical industry. This resulted in the development of processing plants in Rafsnes and, in partnership with Norsk Hydro, the Mongstad plant in 1980. In 1981 the company acquired, as the first Norwegian company, operator rights on the Norwegian continental shelf on the Gullfaks field. 1987-88 saw the largest scandal in the companies history, the Mongstad scandal that made the until then unassailable CEO Arve Johnsen withdraw.

In the 1980s Statoil decided to become a fully-integrated petroleum company and started building the Statoil fuel statio brand. The stations in Norway originated as Norol stations while the stations in Denmark and Sweden were purchased from Esso in 1985, while the stations in Ireland were purchased from British Petroleum in 1992 and ConocoPhilips Jet in the mid 90s, then sold by Statoil to Topaz Oil in 2006. Statoil also built up a network of stations in part of Eastern Europe in the 1990s.

The company was privatised and made a public limited company (allmennaksjeselskap) in 2001, becoming listed on the both the Oslo Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange. At the same time it changed its name to Statoil ASA. The government still retained a majority ownership in the company. In 2007 Statoil bought a large area in the Athabasca oil sand field in Canada after purchasing North American Oil Sands Corporation for USD 2.2 billion.

Hydro

In 1965 Hydro joined Elf Aquitaine and six other French companies to form Petronord to perform search for oil and gas in the North Sea. Hydro soon became a large company in the North Sea petroleum industry, and also became operator of a number of fields, the first being Oseberg.

Hydro acquired in the late 1980s the Mobil service stations in Norway, Sweden and Denmark, changing their name to Hydro. In 1995 Hydro merged its stations in Norway and Denmark with the Texaco, creating the joint venture HydroTexaco. The service station chain was sold in 2006 to Reitangruppen. In 1999 Hydro acquired Norway's third largest petroleum company Saga Petroleum, who had major upstream operations primarily in Norway and the United Kingdom. The British operations were later sold.

Merger

The merger proposal was announced in December 2006.cite web |url=http://www.hydro.com/cgi-bin/www.hydro.com/show_press_rel.cgi?file=/en/press_room/press_releases/archive/2006_12/2768/2768_en.html |author=Norsk Hydro |title=Hydro's oil and gas activities to merge with Statoil |date=2006-12-18 |accessdate=2007-06-20] Under the rules of the EEA the merger was approved by the European Union on May 3, 2007cite web |url=http://www.eubusiness.com/Energy/statoil-norsk.44/ |title=EU regulators approve Statoil, Norsk Hydro merger |author=EU Business |date=2007-05-03 |accessdate=2007-06-20] and by the Norwegian Parliament on June 8, 2007. Statoil's shareholders hold 67.3% of the new company, with Norsk Hydro shareholders owning the remaining 32.7%. The Norwegian Government, the biggest shareholder in both Statoil and Norsk Hydro, holds 62.5% of the company. [cite web |url=http://www.statoilhydro.com/en/InvestorCentre/Share/Shareholders/Top20/Pages/default.aspx |title=Top 20 shareholders |author=StatoilHydro |date=2007-10 |accessdate=2007-10-16] Jens Stoltenberg, the Norwegian Prime Minister commented that he views the merger as "the start of a new era. We are creating a global energy company and strengthening Norway’s oil and gas industry." [ [http://odin.dep.no/smk/english/news/press_centre/press_releases/001001-071626/dok-bn.html] ]

It has been noted within the analyst community that a proposal will create an entity with much more competitive strength versus its much larger European rivals, including BP, Total S.A. and Shell, while also increasing the ability of the company to make strategic acquisitions, particularly in the Gulf of Mexico. [cite web |url=http://online.wsj.com/article/SB116642748971353246.html?mod=home_whats_news_us |title=Statoil, Norsk Hydro Create an Energy Behemoth |author=Wall Street Journal |date=2006-12-19 |accessdate=2007-06-20] It is the ninth largest oil company in the world, and would be the 48th largest company in the world on the current Fortune Global 500 list with a revenue of NOK 480 billion.

The company's management team was initially to be led by President and CEO Helge Lund (who previously held the same posts at Statoil), with Eivind Reiten, the President and CEO of Hydro, acting as Chairman.. However, Eivind Reiten decided to resign as chairman three days after the merger because of a possible corruption case in Hydro's former oil division. The Vice-Chair and former Minister of Petroleum and Energy Marit Arnstad served as chairperson until 1 April, when Svein Rennemo took up the post on a permanent basis after resigning as the CEO of the Norwegian oil services company Petroleum Geo-Services (PGS).

Controversy and corruption

Rotvoll controversy

In 1991 there arose a controversy between Statoil and local environmentalists, mainly from Natur og Ungdom and Friends of the Earth Norway, who protested the building of a new research and development centre at Rotvoll in Trondheim, Norway, wetlands area close to the city with significant bird life.. The controversy was climaxed with civil disobedience by the environmentalists, but the centre was still built.

tatoil corruption case

The Statoil corruption case refers to the company's misconduct and use of corruption in Iran in 2002/2003 in an attempt to secure lucrative oil contracts in that country. This was mainly achieved by hiring the services of Horton Investments, an Iranian consultancy firm owned by Mehdi Hashemi Rafsanjani, son of former Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani. Horton Investments was paid USD 15.2 million by Statoil to influence important political figures in Iran to grant oil contracts to Statoil. The corruption scandal was uncovered by Norwegian paper Dagens Næringsliv on September 3, 2003.

Corrib gas project

Statoil is a partner of Royal Dutch Shell in the Corrib gas project, which entails developing a natural gas field off the northwest of Ireland. The project has proved controversial among locals and has led to the establishment of a national campaign called 'Shell to Sea'. The protests came to a head in the summer of 2005, when five men from County Mayo, nicknamed the Rossport Five, were jailed because of their opposition to the project, and Statoil filling stations around Ireland were picketed, although these are only operated under franchise by [http://www.topazenergy.ie/ Topaz Energy] . Since then protests have continued at the site of the refinery at Bellanaboy, often turning into to scuffles between An Garda Síochána and scores of protestors attempting to block access to the site by the 650 workers. [cite web |url=http://www.rte.ie/news/2007/1109/corrib.html/ |title=Three held at Bellanaboy protest (2007-11-9) |author=RTÉ |accessdate=2008-05-05] [cite web |url=http://www.rte.ie/news/2007/0713/corrib.html/ |title=Protest at site of Corrib gas terminal(2007-07-13) |author=RTÉ |accessdate=2008-05-05] [cite web |url=http://www.rte.ie/news/2007/0605/corrib.html/ |title=Five Corrib protestors charged after demo(2007-06-05) |author=RTÉ |accessdate=2008-05-05] The refinery is expected to be close to completion by the end of 2008, and is claimed to be the largest building project in the country. [cite web |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/7368246.stm |title=Breakthrough in Shell gas dispute (2008-04-26) |author=BBC Northern Ireland |accessdate=2008-05-05]

Corruption

The possible consultancy agreements and transactions associated with Hydro’s operations in Libya are under investigation. In an article in Aftenposten 9 November 2007 the journalist Erling Borgen criticizes Helge Lund for StatoilHydro's participation in corrupt and undemocratic countries. Helge Lund has stated that it is not his or StatoilHydro's intention to express opinions on such issues.

Investors relations

The company has in all years generated massive revenues. However, problems have gradually begun to emerge. The production of oil in the north sea has steadily decreased since 2001, and is by February 2008 31% lower than in 2001. This is partly due to steadily greater difficulties with pumping up oils from the wells. This steady trend of diminishing production seems to be unstoppable before major new areas have been explored and opened for production.

The cost of production and developing new fields also have escalated in the last years. In 2008 there were also great difficulties with the technical installation themselves. Such difficulties may persist because many installations are now old and need increasing maintenance. The company also has difficulties due to low dollar quotes.

In spite of currently (as of 2008) high oil prices, these difficulties made the revenues drop from from 15.0 billions Nkr in 4.qu 2006 to 6.2 billions Nkr in 4.qu 2007. Because of the mentioned difficulties, the level of revenues for 2008 and coming years are uncertain, but likely to decline.

Environmental Record

Statoil and Shell were planning on building a gas-fire powerplant in Norway that would infuse CO2 underground or beneath the seabed, but they discarded the plan due to economic reasons. [ [http://www.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUSL2917344820070629 Statoil, Shell shelve Draugen field CO2 injection | Environment | Reuters ] ]

StatoilHydro has injected CO2 into the Utsira formation on the Sleipner field for environmental storage purposes since 1996. Natural gas containing approximately 8.5% CO2 is produced on the Sleipner Vest field. The gas is transported to the Sleipner Treatment platform, where the CO2 is removed. The gas is exported to the UK, Germany and Belgium, and the CO2 is injected into the Utsira formation where it is safely stored.Fact|date=June 2008

References

External links

* [http://www.statoilhydro.com/ Corporate website]


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