- Arie Jan Haagen-Smit
Arie Jan Haagen-Smit (
December 22 1900Utrecht - March 17 1977, Pasadena, California) was a Dutch chemist. He is best known for linking the smogin Southern Californiato automobiles and is therefore known by many as the "father" of air pollution control. After serving as an original board member of the Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Board, formed in 1960 to combat the smog, Dr. Haagen-Smit became the California Air Resources Board's first chairman in 1968. Shortly before his death, of lung cancer, the Air Resources Board's El Monte Laboratory was named after him.
He attended the Rijks Hoogere Burger School in Utrecht. He graduated from
University of Utrechtin 1922 with a major in organic chemistry. He earned his M.A. degree in 1926 and Ph.D. in 1929. His work was on terpenes, a hydrocarbonfound in plants. His dissertation is titled “Investigations in the Field of Sesquiterpenes.”
He stayed at the University of Utrecht from 1929 to 1935 as chief assistant. He became an expert in plant derived chemicals, particularly
Auxins, a hormone. He was invited to lecture at Harvard Universityin 1936 by Kenneth Thimann. He was appointed as associate professor by California Institute of Technologyin 1937 by Thomas Hunt Morgan, and professorin 1940, becoming one of the "Dutch Mafia" at Cal Tech. (One other member of the mafia was Frits Warmolt Went.) Two other scientists and he jointly published a paper on traumatic acid, a wound healing hormone, in " Science" in 1939. He was the director of the Plant Environmental Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology from 1965 to 1971.
Air Pollution Fighter
He started his air pollution research in 1948, when Southern California residents suffered with burning in the eyes from the
smog. Although his original concern started from the sickness of his plants, he had received many requests from government agencies to invetigate air pollution. He identified ozone, a chemical formed from the byproducts of automobile combustion and nitrogen oxide from local industrial fuel burning process. He developed an ozone test to measure the intensity of the smog. Automobile industry started to implement PCV valveto reduce the hydrocarbon emission because of his promotion of clean air. This existing technology, which was developed for military vehicles to ford water during World War II, reduced half of the hydrocarbon emission. He was appointed by Governor Ronald Reaganas the first Chairman of the California Air Resources Board in 1968. He was fired by Reagan in 1974 for refusing to obey a directive to ease up on pollution control efforts.
Knight Order of Orange-Nassauof the Netherlands
Fritizche awardof American Chemical Society
Tolman Awardof American Chemical Society
1973 National Medal of Science Physical Sciences of the United States of America
Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement
He was also the recipient of the
Smithsonian Medal, the $50,000 Alice Tyler Ecology Prize, and the Rhineland Award.
He was the Fellow of the
New York Academy of Sciencesand the Royal Academy of Sciences of the Netherlands.
He was the trustee of the American Chemical Society.
In 1930, he married Petronella Francina Pennings. They had a son, Jan Willem Adrianus, before her death in 1933. On
June 10, 1935, he married Maria Wilhelmina Bloemers, a graduate student of Botany in the University of Utrecht. They had three daughters: Maria Van Pelt, Margaret Scott, and Joan Demers.
# [http://www.bookrags.com/biography/a-j-haagen-smit-woc/ | A. J. Haagen-Smit Biography]
# [http://www.calepa.ca.gov/About/History01/arb.htm | The History of California Environmental Protection Agency]
# [http://oralhistories.library.caltech.edu/42/01/OH_Haagen-Smit_Z.pdf | Haagen-Smit, Zus. interview by Shirley K. Cohen. Pasadena, California, March 16 and 20, 2000. Oral History Project, California Institute of Technology Archives.]
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Arie Jan Haagen-Smit — (* 22. Dezember 1900 in Utrecht; † 17. März 1977 in Pasadena) war ein niederländischer Chemiker. Haagen Smit studierte Chemie an der Universität Utrecht. 1926 schloss er mit dem Master ab und wurde 1929 promoviert. Von 1929 bis 1935 arbeitete er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Haagen-Smit — Arie Jan Haagen Smit (* 22. Dezember 1900 in Utrecht; † 17. März 1977 in Pasadena) war ein niederländischer Chemiker. Haagen Smit studierte Chemie an der Universität Utrecht. 1926 schloss er mit dem Master ab und wurde 1929 promoviert. Von 1929… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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