- Winkler, Manitoba
name = Winkler
seal_size = 110px
image_blank_emblem = Winkler2006CentennialLogo.png
blank_emblem_size = 120px
blank_emblem_type = Official centennial emblem
motto = "Where People Make The Difference"
pushpin_map_caption = Location in the province of
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Pembina Valley
leader_title = Mayor
area_total_km2 = 17.02
area_land_km2 = 17.02
area_water_km2 = 0.0
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 9,106 (214th)
population_density_km2 = 466.7
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd=49 |latm=10 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=97 |longm=56 |longs= |longEW=W
website = http://www.cityofwinkler.ca/
Winkler (coord|49|10|N|097|56|W|) is a small
citywith a population of about 9,600 (2008) located in southern Manitoba, Canada. As the largest city in the Pembina Valley, Winkler serves as a regional hub for commerce, agricultureand industry. Pembina Valley Provincial Parkis a relatively short distance (by car) to the southwest of the city.
It is Manitoba's sixth-largest city (as of 2008) and remains one of the fastest growing cities in the province.
Winkler's history dates back to 1874 when
Russian Mennonites began settling in the area. These first Mennonite inhabitants were part of deeply religious communities, for the most part, but did not establish confessional churches. The first official Mennonite Brethren congregation was founded in Winkler in 1888 as a result of mission work from the United States. In 1892, Winkler was officially founded by Valentine Winkler, a lumber entrepreneurand politicianwho owned and operated his own lumber business in nearby Morden. Because Winkler's many customers from the Mennonite settlement wanted him to build a market in their vicinity, he persuaded the Canadian Pacific Railwayto build a spur routeon the northeastern edge of the settlement where Winkler had been established.
Winkler was incorporated as a
villageon May 9, 1906. By that time, the flourishing village had become home to a number of German, Jewishand Anglo-Saxon merchants. The Mennonites began moving into the village soon after; by World War I, they outnumbered all other groups.
During the 1930s, a large number of Jewish and German merchants emigrated from Winkler, causing a decline in population. However, the village's population increased after
World War II, and on April 7, 1954, Winkler was incorporated as a town.
Following a halt in growth during the 1960s, the town's rapid growth in population resumed and continued into the 1990s. On April 7, 2002, Winkler was officially granted city status. The city celebrated its centennial anniversary in summer 2006.
Geography and climate
Located on the western edge of the
Red River Valley, Winkler is located at the corner of provincial highways 14 and 32. It is approximately 100 kilometres southwest of Winnipegand 70 kilometres northwest of a 24-hour United Statesborder crossing at Emerson.
Winkler is situated on the
prehistoric beaches of Lake Agassiz. The lake's shores were formed over 10,000 years ago by the Pembina Escarpment, located a few kilometres west of Winkler. A secondary beach known as the Emerado Beach lies to the west of Winkler. This gentle rise in elevationwas formed thousands of years ago when the draining of Lake Agassiztemporarily stalled. Winkler has an elevation of 272 metres above sea level.
soils of the area are separated by the Emerado Beach. Coarser textured loamy sandsoils, located to the west, are suitable for irrigationand produce potato, corn and beancrops. To the east, finer textured claysoils produce sugar beets, canola, beans, corn and small grains.
climateis typically continental, with a USDA Plant Hardiness Zone of 3b, [cite web|url=http://www.veseys.com/us/en/learn/reference/hardinesszones/manitoba |title= Manitoba |author= veseys |accessdate=2008-09-30] resulting in dry cold winters and hot, frequently dry summers. Summer temperatures typically range from 20 to 30°C, while winter temperatures average between -15 and -25°C. The Winkler area obtains the most heat units for crop production in Manitoba. Winkler receives an annual average of 416mm of precipitation (most of which falls during the spring and summer months), of which 119.7cm falls as snow. Winkler's average frost-free period is 125 days.
Winkler is the economic hub of southern Manitoba. The retail trading area serves an estimated 17,000 households. 4,380 people are employed in Winkler. Approximately 30% of the work force is employed in the industrial sector. The city's second-largest employer, employing 20% of the work force, is the
A number of industries have grown and developed in Winkler throughout the years. One of Winkler's largest employers is
Triple E Recreational Vehicles, a recreational vehiclemanufacturer and the only class A motor home builder in Canada. Other products manufactured in Winkler include mobile homes, houseboats, farm equipment, windows and doors. Two foundries, a straw fibre plant and a tire recycling plant are also located in Winkler.
Winkler's agricultural sector is one of the most productive and diversified in Manitoba. The area surrounding Winkler is home to rich, fertile soils which are especially suited to growing potatoes. However, many other crops are grown in the area, including
wheat, canola, corn and beans. The area's livestock operations also continue to grow; hogs and cattleare raised, while dairy farms contribute to the making of cheese.
Business development in Winkler has boomed in the years since incorporation. On average, the city becomes home to 10-20 new businesses per year. In 2002 55 new businesses were established in Winkler. The increase in new businesses can be attributed to low
taxes, reasonably priced real estateand cooperation between the city and entrepreneurs. One example of this is the recently established Incubator Mall, a city-owned, five office facility that gives new businesses the opportunity to rent office space at moderate rates. Once those businesses outgrow the space, they relocate, making room for new startups.
Government and politics
Winkler is governed by a
mayorand six councillors who are elected by residents. The current mayor of Winkler is Martin Harder. The current city councillors of Winkler are deputy mayorMarvin Plett, Lloyd Thiessen, Henry Siemens, Ron Neufeld, Herb Dick and Ken J. Wiebe.
Winkler is represented in the
Legislative Assembly of Manitoba(as part of the Pembina riding) by Progressive Conservative MLA Peter George Dyckand in the Canadian House of Commons(as part of the Portage—Lisgarriding) by Conservative MP Brian Pallister.
Winkler's chief transport connection to other communities is the highway system.
Winnipegis accessible from Winkler either via PTH 14 and PTH 3 or via PR 428 or PTH 23 and PTH 75 or PTH 14 and PTH 75. PTH 32 leads directly to the Winkler Port of Entry on the Canada-U.S. border. A 4-lane divided highway connects Winkler and Morden, the other major town of the region. Winkler Airport(CKZ7, coord|49|10|01|N|097|55|13|W|type:airport|display=inline) is located in the city's industrial park. It has two runways: 08/26, a 2,900 ft (884 m) turf/ asphaltrunway; and 17/35, a turf strip. Aircraft which need a longer runway are advised to use the Morden Regional Aerodromewhich is located 9 km from Winkler and has a 3,937 ft (1,200 km) asphalt runway.
The city has one taxi service, Pembina Valley Taxi. It is also served by
Greyhound Lineswhich operates a daily bus service to and from Winnipeg during the week. Purolator and DHLcourier services also serve Winkler. Canadian Pacific Railwayhas a spur routegoing into Winkler's industrial park.
Winkler has long been and continues to be one of Manitoba's fastest growing cities. In the previous
census(2001), Winkler had a population of 7,943. In the 2006 census, Winkler had a population of 9,106, an increase of 14.6%.
As of the
Canada 2001 Census, there are 2,885 households and 2,135 families residing in the city of Winkler. The population densityis 466.7/km² (180.2/mi²). There are 2,890 housing units at an average density of 170.0/km² (65.6/mi²).
The most common ancestries in Winkler (as of 1996) are German (65.2%), Dutch (
Netherlands) (24.7%), Canadian (23.0%), Russian (10.0%), Ukrainian (2.1%), French (1.5%), Aboriginal (1.2%), Scottish (1.0%), Irish (0.9%), Polish (0.8%) and Icelandic (0.2%). Most Winklerites are of Mennonite descent. The racial makeup of the city (as of 2001) is 98.8% White, 0.4% Chinese, 0.38% Aboriginal, 0.1% Black, 0.1% South Asian and 0.1% Southeast Asian.
Mennonitefaith is the largest faith in Winkler, accounting for 54.8% of the population in 2001. Other religious groupings include other Christian denominations (21.5%), other Protestant denominations (7.3%), Baptist(4.0%), Lutheran (2.0%), United Church (1.8%), Roman Catholic (1.2%), Evangelical Missionary Church(1.2%), Anglican (1.0%), Pentecostal (1.0%) and other faiths (0.8%). 96.4% of the city's residents are Christian. 2.6% have no religious affiliation.There are 2,885 households out of which 36.2% are married couples living together with children, 30.8% are married couples living together without children, 25.5% are one-person households and 7.6% are multiple-family households, single parentfamily households or non-family households other than one-person households. 90.2% of Winkler's 2,135 families are married couple families, while 1.4% are common-law couple families and 8.2% are single parent families. The average household size is 3.0 and the average family size is 3.3.
In the city the population is spread out with 21.6% under the age of 15, 8.5% from 15 to 19, 8.1% from 20 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 12.1% from 45 to 54, 7.1% from 55 to 64 and 17.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The
medianage is 34.3 years. For every 100 females there are 94.8 males.
incomefor a family in the city is $44,227. The average income for all workers is $22,423, with males earning an average income of $27,787 and females earning an average income of $16,061. The average income for full-time, full-year workers is $30,779. Males who work full-time for a full year earn an average of $34,326 while females who work full-time for a full year earn an average of $23,546.
15.9% of Winkler's population is foreign-born. 1,832 immigrants settled in Winkler from 1999 to 2004, with 465 arriving in 2004 alone. Most immigrants to Winkler are Russian-Germans,
Germansoriginating from Germany, or returning Low German Mennonites from Latin Americadue to the city's German linguistic and religious linkages. Russian-German immigrants are also drawn to the similarity of the region's geography to that of Russia.
The Pembina Thresherman's Museum is situated on Highway 3 between Winkler and Morden. It includes a number of historical buildings in a village setting and a collection of agricultural machinery, tools and household items, as well as a meeting hall.
Winkler's main festival is the Harvest Festival and Exhibition. Held at the Winkler Parkland in mid-August, it features a
parade, midway, live stage entertainment, fireworks, rodeoand more. Canada Daycelebrations are held at the Winkler Parkland on July 1of each year, although in 2007 the celebrations were held on July 2, since July 1 fell on a Sunday. The Cripple Creek Music Festival takes place on the fourth Sunday in July.
The P.W. Enns Centennial Concert Hall [http://www.winklerconcerthall.ca/index.php] has seating for 520, and has hosted a number of local and international performers.
Residents of Winkler are known as Winklerites.
Winkler's public school system is the Garden Valley School Division, which consists of four
elementary schools- Winkler Elementary School, Parkland Elementary School, J.R. Walkof School, Emerado Centennial School and one high school, Garden Valley Collegiate-(GVC). As of July 2005, it had a total enrollment of 4,121 students. A junior high school Emerado Centennial School opened in October 2006. There are no private schools operating within the city.
Garden Valley Technical School (gvctec) is the new vocational campus that has opened in Winkler.
Red River Collegeoperates a regional campus in Winkler, serving 1,500 students each year. The Red River College-Winkler Community Learning Centre is located at 100-561 Main Street.
Winkler was formerly home to the Winkler Bible Institute, a Christian college run by the Mennonite Brethren conference, which closed in 1997. It is currently home to the Canadian Baptist Bible College, a non-accredited private Christian college. [http://www.canadianbaptistbiblecollege.com/index.html]
According to the
Canada 2001 Census, 42% of Winkler residents between the ages of 20 and 34 do not have a high school education. According to the same census, 93% of Winkler residents between the ages of 20 and 34 do not have a university certificate, diploma or degree. Winkler has approximately twice as many people on average who do not have a high school or university education than the average Manitoban population within this age group.
Winkler's local newspaper is "The Winkler Times", published weekly and distributed to more than 17,000 households. The "Southern Shopper & Regional Review", published in Darlingford twice a month, targets southern Manitoba and is distributed to over 15,000 households. The "
Winnipeg Free Press" and " Winnipeg Sun" are available daily.
Winkler is home to two
radio stationsof its own, both of which are owned and operated by Altona-based Golden West Broadcasting. CKMW, a country musicstation, was established in 1980 and broadcasts at 1570 kHz on the AM dial. CJEL, an adult contemporary musicstation branded as The Eagle 93.5, launched in 2000 and is the only FM radiostation in the Pembina Valley.
Though they are not based in Winkler, several other radio stations are notable in the Winkler area. The signal from Golden West's
easy listeningradio station in Altona, CFAM 950 AM, reaches the Winkler area. Two North Dakotastations near the Canada/U.S. border also reach Winkler: KAOC 105.1 FM (Maverick 105), a country music station in Cavalier and KYTZ 106.7 FM (Z-106.7, Today's Best Hits), an adult contemporary music station in Walhalla. The former station sells advertisements targeting the Pembina Valley region and maintains an advertising sales office in Morden. Radio stations from Winnipeg and Grand Forks, North Dakotacan also be received sometimes.
Cable television service is provided by Valley Cable Vision. Most Winnipeg-based television and radio stations can be picked up from Winkler.
WDAZ-TVand KNRR-TV can also be received in Winkler via antenna.
Winkler is serviced by a number of information based websites including PembinaValleyOnline.com [http://www.pembinavalleyonline.com/] and iWinkler.ca [http://iwinkler.ca/] .
ice hockeyteam is the Winkler Flyers, who compete in the Manitoba Junior Hockey League. The Flyers play their home games at the Winkler Arena. Perhaps the best known alumni of the team is goaltender Ed Belfour, who played with the Flyers during the 1985-86 season and recorded a 2.58 goals against averagethat year. Belfour went on to play in the NHL and win a Stanley Cup with the Dallas Stars. Minor league hockey also has a presence in Winkler, for nearly all ages.
Garden Valley Collegiate, the local high school, has a hockey team named the Zodiacs which draws hundreds of fans to their home games.
Winkler was the host city for the 2008 edition of CBC Sports' day-long "
Hockey Day in Canada", which took place on February 9, 2008. [http://www.cbc.ca/arts/tv/story/2007/09/26/hockey-day.html]
Di Brandt, poetand literary critic
Howard Dyck, conductor and broadcaster
Jacob Froese, politician
Don Kuhl, politician, former councillor and former deputy mayor
Dustin Penner, NHLplayer for the Edmonton Oilers
Cornelius Wiebe, physicianand politician
Eric Fehr, NHL player for the Washington Capitals
*Benjamin De Fehr, soldier executed during
World War I
Martin Harder, current mayorof Winkler
North: Roland West: Morden Winkler East: Plum Coulee South: Schanzenfeld
*City of Winkler (2003). http://www.cityofwinkler.ca/. Retrieved August 11, 2005.
*Province of Manitoba (2000). [http://www.communityprofiles.mb.ca/cgi-bin/csd/index.cgi?id=4603050 Community Profile: City of Winkler] . Retrieved August 11, 2005.
*Statistics Canada (2004). [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/Details/details1.cfm?SEARCH=BEGINS&ID=7972&PSGC=46&SGC=4603050&DataType=1&LANG=E&Province=46&PlaceName=Winkler&CMA=&CSDNAME=Winkler&A=&TypeNameE=Town&Prov= 2001 Community Profile - Winkler] . Retrieved August 11, 2005.
*Winkler Chamber of Commerce (2004). http://www.winklerchamber.com/. Retrieved August 11, 2005.
* [http://www.cityofwinkler.ca/ Winkler website]
* [http://www.communityprofiles.mb.ca/cgi-bin/csd/index.cgi?id=4603050 City of Winkler Community Profile]
* [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/Details/details1.cfm?SEARCH=BEGINS&ID=7972&PSGC=46&SGC=4603050&DataType=1&LANG=E&Province=46&PlaceName=Winkler&CMA=&CSDNAME=Winkler&A=&TypeNameE=Town&Prov= Statistics Canada 2001 Community Profile - Winkler]
* [http://www.winklertimes.com/ The Winkler Times]
* [http://www.wikitravel.org/en/Winkler Travel guide to Winkler] from
* [http://dmoz.org/Regional/North_America/Canada/Manitoba/Localities/W/Winkler/ Open Directory: Winkler]
* [http://www.winklerchamber.com/ Winkler Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://chefmoz.org/Canada/Manitoba/Winkler/ Dining guide to Winkler] from ChefMoz
* [http://www.hockeydayinwinkler.com/ Hockey Day in Winkler website]
* [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=4603050&Geo2=PR&Code2=46&Data=Count&SearchText=Winkler&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&GeoLevel=&GeoCode=4603050Statistics Canada 2006 Community Profile - Winkler]
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