- Frederiksborg Palace
Frederiksborg Palace is a
palacein Hillerød, Denmark. It was built as a royal residence for King Christian IV, and is now known as [http://www.frederiksborgmuseet.dk/depault.asp The Museum of National History] . The current building replaced a previous castle erected by Frederick II, and is the largest Renaissance palacein Scandinavia. The palace is located on three small islands in the middle of Palace Lake, (Danish, "Slotsø"), and is adjoined by a large, baroqueformal garden.
The oldest parts of the
palacedate back to 1560, and were built by King Frederick II, after whom the palace is named.
Most of the current palace, however, was built from 1602 to 1620 by Christian IV using Dutch architects, Hans and
Lorents van Steenwinckel, and follows the Dutch style favoured by Christian IV for his new buildings in Copenhagen.
After Christian IV's death in 1648, the palace was used mainly for ceremonial events, primarily the anointing and crowning of the Absolute Monarchs in the palace church. Since 1693 the church has also been used as Knight's Chapel for the
Order of the Elephantand the Order of the Dannebrog.
The palace was also used to house the royal family's art collection; as a result, it came to be regarded as a national monument.
In 1720, the
Treaty of Frederiksborgwas signed here.
In 1850s, the palace was again used as a residence by King Frederick VII. During the night of December 16-17, 1859, while he was in residence, a fire destroyed a large part of the main palace's interior. Reconstruction was funded by public subscription, with large contributions from the King, state and the prominent
philanthropist J. C. Jacobsenof CarlsbergBrewery, who also provided funds to establish the Museum of National History[http://www.frederiksborgmuseet.dk/default.asp] that now occupies Frederiksborg. A large collection of notable paintings by the Danish painter Carl Heinrich Blochare in the palace. Commissioned for the palace, these paintings largely depict the life of Jesus Christ.
Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra (now Countess of Frederiksborg) were married in the Palace Church.
The palace today
The church, also known as the Chapel of Orders, serves as a local church today, and is a part of the museum on the premises. The coats-of-arms of recipients of the country's royal orders, the
Order of the Elephantand the Order of the Dannebrog, are displayed on the walls of the church.
The museum houses the country's most important collection of
portraits and history paintings.
The castle and the grounds are open to the public every day.
The Countess of Frederiksborg
Alexandra Christina Manley title "Grevinde af Frederiksborg" (Countess of Frederiksborg) refers to her marriage to
Prince Joachim of Denmarkin Frederiksborg Palace Church. This title was bestowed upon her April 16, 2005 by Queen Margrethe II eight days after the royal couple became officially divorced.
List of castles and palaces in Denmark
Tourism in Denmark
* [http://www.frederiksborgmuseet.dk/language.asp?lan=2 Frederiksborg Castle. The Museum of National History (in English)]
* [http://wictor.dk/wictor/frederiksborg/frbslotGB.html Web cam of Fredriksborg Palace]
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