- Anglian Stage
The Anglian Satge is the name for a middle Pleistocene stage used in the
British Isles. It precedes the Hoxnian Stageand follows the Cromerian Stagein the British Isles. The Anglian Stage is equivalent to the Elsterian Stage of Europe and Marine Isotope Stage 12.McMillan, A.A., 2005, "A provisional Quaternary and Neogene lithostratigraphic framework Great Britain", Netherland Journal of Geosciences. vol. 84, no. 2, pp, 87-107.] Walker, M., 2005, "Quaternary Dating Methods", John Wiley & Son, Chichester, United Kingdom. ISBN 0 470 86927 5] Gibbard, P.L., S. Boreham, K.M. Cohen and A. Moscariello, 2007, [http://www.quaternary.stratigraphy.org.uk/correlation/POSTERSTRAT_v2007b_small.jpg"Global chronostratigraphical correlation table for the last 2.7 million years v. 2007b"] , jpg version 844 KB. Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England] The Anglian Stage and Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage 12 started about 478,000 years ago and ended about 424,000 years ago.Lisiecki, L.E., 2005, [http://www.lorraine-lisiecki.com/LR04_MISboundaries.txt Ages of MIS boundaries.] [http://www.lorraine-lisiecki.com/stack.html LR04 Benthic Stack] Boston University, Boston, MA] Lisiecki, L.E., and M.E. Raymo, 2005, [http://www.lorraine-lisiecki.com/LisieckiRaymo2005.pdf A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic d18O records.] Paleoceanography. vol. 20, PA1003, doi:10.1029/2004PA001071]
This stage had been equated to the Kansan Stage in
North America. However, the Kansan Stage, along with the Yarmouth, Nebraskan, and Aftonian stages, have been abandoned by North American Quaternary geologists and merged into the Pre-Illinoian Stage.Hallberg, G.R., 1986, "Pre-Wisconsin glacial stratigraphy of the Central Plains region in Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, and Missouri", Quaternary Science Reviews. vol. 5, pp. 11-15.] Richmond, G.M. and D.S. Fullerton, 1986, "Summation of Quaternary glaciations in the United States of America", Quaternary Science Reviews. vol. 5, pp. 183-196.] At this time, the Anglian Stage is correlated with the period of time, which includes the Pre-Illinoian B glaciation (Pre-Illinoian Stage) of North America.
*Aber, J.S., 2006, [http://academic.emporia.edu/aberjame/ice/lec17/lec17.htm "Regional Glaciation of Kansas and Nebraska"] , Emporia State University, Emporia, Kansas.
*anonymous, 2007, [http://www.quaternary.stratigraphy.org.uk/correlation/chart.html "Global correlation tables for the Quaternary"] , Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England.
*Gibbard, P., 2007, [http://www.qpg.geog.cam.ac.uk/research/projects/englishchannelformation/ "How Britain Became An Island: The report."] [http://www.qpg.geog.cam.ac.uk/ Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Group] , Cambridge, England.
*Gibbard, P., 2008, [http://www.qpg.geog.cam.ac.uk/research/projects/nweurorivers/elsteriananglian.html "Map 5. Palaeogeography of the Elsterian / Anglian / Oka Stage."] North West European Rivers, [http://www.qpg.geog.cam.ac.uk/ Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Group] , Cambridge, England. (Includes PDF file of map)
*Rolfe, C., and others, 2004, [http://www.qpg.geog.cam.ac.uk/events/northnorfolk/index.html "Annotated photographs of the North Norfolk coast."] [http://www.qpg.geog.cam.ac.uk/ Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Group] , Cambridge, England.
*Roy, M., P.U. Clark, R.W. Barendregt, J.R., Glasmann, and R.J. Enkin, 2004, [http://geo.oregonstate.edu/people/faculty/publications/clarkp/Royetal-GSAB-2004.pdf "Glacial stratigraphy and paleomagnetism of late Cenozoic deposits of the north-central United States"] , PDF version, 1.2 MB. Geological Society of America Bulletin. vol. 116, no. 1-2; pp. 30-41; DOI: 10.1130/B25325.1
*Shotton, F.W., nd, [http://www.staffs.ac.uk/schools/sciences/geography/staff/harrist/quatuk/quateastanglia.htm "East Anglia and the English Midlands."] [http://www.staffs.ac.uk/schools/sciences/geography/staff/harrist/quatuk/quaternaryhome.htm Ice Age Britain.] , The Shotton Project, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England.
*Bowen, D.Q., 1978, "Quaternary geology: a stratigraphic framework for multidisciplinary work. " Pergamon Press, Oxford, United Kingdom. 221 pp. ISBN 978-0080204093
*Ehlers, J., and P.L. Gibbard, 2004a, "Quaternary Glaciations: Extent and Chronology 2: Part II North America", Elsevier, Amsterdam. ISBN 0-444-51462-7
*Ehlers, J., P. L. Gibbard, and J. Rose, eds., 1991, "Glacial deposits in Great Britain and Ireland." Balkema, Rotterdam. 580 pp ISBN 978-9061918752
*Mangerud, J., J. Ehlers, and P. Gibbard, 2004, "Quaternary Glaciations: Extent and Chronology 1: Part I Europe", Elsevier, Amsterdam. ISBN 0-444-51462-7
*Sibrava, V., Bowen, D.Q, and Richmond, G.M., 1986, "Quaternary Glaciations in the Northern Hemisphere, Quaternary Science Reviews", vol. 5, pp. 1-514.
Last glacial period
Timeline of glaciation
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Anglian (stage) — The Anglian Stage is the name for a middle Pleistocene stage used in the British Isles. It precedes the Hoxnian Stage and follows the Cromerian Stage in the British Isles. The Anglian Stage is equivalent to the Elsterian Stage of northern… … Wikipedia
Anglian — may refer to* The Anglian dialects * The Anglic languages * The Anglian Stage (Anglian glaciation period) * The Anglian automobile * Used in reference to the cultural products and politics of the Angles of Anglo Saxon England. * East Anglia is an … Wikipedia
Cromerian Stage — The Cromerian Stage is the name for a middle Pleistocene stage used in the in the British Isles that is known as the Cromerian Complex in Europe. It precedes the Anglian Stage and follows the Beestonian Stage in the British Iles. The Cromerian… … Wikipedia
Hoxnian Stage — The Hoxnian Stage is a middle Pleistocene stage of the geological history of the British Isles. It precedes the Wolstonian Stage and follows the Anglian Stage. The Hoxnian Stage corresponds to the Holstein Interglacial (or Stage ) in northern… … Wikipedia
Pre-Illinoian Stage — The Pre Illinoian Stage is the name currently used for early and middle Pleistocene glacial and interglacial deposits within North America. As the oldest stage in the North American nomenclature, it precedes the Illinoian Stage.Hallberg, G.R.,… … Wikipedia
Prehistoric Norfolk — This prehistory of the County of Norfolk, England is broken into specific time periods. Norfolk has a very rich prehistoric past, from the Palaeolithic 750,000 years ago, to end of the Iron Age 2000 years age. Indeed, Norfolk has the earliest… … Wikipedia
Glacial period — A glacial period is an interval of time within an ice age that is marked by colder temperatures and glacier advances. Interglacials, on the other hand, are periods of warmer climate within an ice age. The last glacial period ended about 10,000 to … Wikipedia
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Corton Formation — The Corton Formation is a series of deposits of Middle Pleistocene age found primarily along the coasts of Suffolk and Norfolk in eastern England. The formation comprises two stratigraphic facies, an upper thicker fine to medium sand which… … Wikipedia