- Stebbins, Alaska
official_name = Stebbins, Alaska
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Stebbins, Alaska
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = Census Area
subdivision_name2 = Nome
area_total_km2 = 95.6
area_land_km2 = 91.1
area_water_km2 = 4.5
area_total_sq_mi = 36.9
area_land_sq_mi = 35.2
area_water_sq_mi = 1.7
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes =cite web|url=http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-04-02.csv|title=Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alaska|publisher=
United States Census Bureau|date=2008-07-10|accessdate=2008-07-14]
population_total = 552
population_density_km2 = 6.0
population_density_sq_mi = 15.6
timezone = Alaska (AKST)
utc_offset = -9
timezone_DST = AKDT
utc_offset_DST = -8
elevation_m = 5
elevation_ft = 16
latd = 63 |latm = 30 |lats = 43 |latNS = N
longd = 162 |longm = 16 |longs = 29 |longEW = W
Stebbins is located at coor dms|63|30|43|N|162|16|29|W|city (63.511893, -162.274632)GR|1, on the north side of St. Michael Island, which is on the south side of the
Norton Soundin western Alaska.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.9 square miles (95.6 km²), of which, 35.2 square miles (91.1 km²) of it is land and 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²) of it (4.71%) is water.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 547 people, 123 households, and 104 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 15.6 people per square mile (6.0/km²). There were 134 housing units at an average density of 3.8/sq mi (1.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 5.12% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 93.97% Native American, and 0.73% from two or more races.
There were 123 households out of which 64.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.4% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.45 and the average family size was 4.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 47.2% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 13.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 20 years. For every 100 females there were 115.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,125, and the median income for a family was $28,214. Males had a median income of $33,125 versus $20,000 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $8,249. About 40.4% of families and 41.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.5% of those under age 18 and 33.3% of those age 65 or over.
Stebbins is served by the
Bering Strait School District. [http://stebbins.bssd.org/ Tukurngailnguq School] is the only school in town and serves grades K through 12.
Russian fort, Redoubt St. Michael, was built at nearby St. Michael by the Russian-American Companyin 1833. The name Stebbins was first recorded in 1900; the Yupik name for the village is "Tapraq". The first census in the area, in 1950, listed 80 Yupiks residing in Stebbins. The city was incorporated in 1969.
The Stebbins economy depends on commercial fishing, for
herringand other fish, and subsistence fishing, gardening and hunting, supplemented by part-time wage earnings. Hunting is for seal, walrus, caribou, and beluga whale. The city government and school of about 200 students provide the only full-time positions.
The Stebbins/St. Michael Reindeer Corral Project was completed in 1993 for a herd on Stuart Island, just north of Stebbins. The reindeer are currently unmanaged.
* [http://stebbins.bssd.org/ Stebbins School Website]
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