- Praça da Sé
The Praça da Sé ("Cathedral Square") is a public space in
São Paulo, considered the center of town, because is the point from where the distancy of all roads that pass on São Paulo are counted. The square was the location of many historic events in São Paulo's history, most notably during the Diretas Jámovement. The name originates from the episcopal seeof the city, the São Paulo Cathedral
Originally known as Largo da Sé (Field of the See), the square developed around the religious building which preceded the cathedral and surrounding edifices. At the beginning of the 20th century, older structures were demolished and the downtown area reconstructed according to the
urban planningof the time. Its geography has remained mostly unchanged since.
landscapeis the result of a 1970s project by architects led by José Eduardo de Assis Lefèvre. The opening of a nearby São Paulo Metrostation required the leveling of an entire city block, requiring an entirely new landscaping infrastructure.
The architects were heavily influenced by contemporary landscaping works underway in the west coast of the US (such as those by
Lawrence Halprin), characterized by rigorous geometry, through multiple levels with reflecting pools and prism-like land masses.
The square underwent a significant renovation during 2006, having been partially re-inaugurated on
January 252007 (the city's birthday) by then-mayor Gilberto Kassab. The renovation came under intense criticism by NGOs working with the homeless who claimed that the new square reduced the space available for existing homeless people [ [http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/cotidiano/ult95u130960.shtml Folha Online - Protestos de sem-teto abafam comemorações do aniversário de São Paulo] ]
The renovation includes the relocation of flower boxes, the increase in the integration between existing sculptures and their surroundings and the introduction of pedestrian overpasses over the existing reflecting pools.
São Paulo Cathedral
*pt icon [http://www.sampa.art.br/SAOPAULO/Praca%20Se.htm Sampa.art.br]
*pt icon [http://portal.prefeitura.sp.gov.br/secretarias/cultura/patrimonio_historico/curiosidades/0001/0009/ Historical Assets Administration of the City of São Paulo]
*pt icon [http://sampacentro.terra.com.br/ponto_historico.asp?ph=2 SampaCentro]
*MACEDO, Silvio Soares e ROBBA, Fábio; "Praças brasileiras"; São Paulo:Edusp; ISBN 85-314-0656-0
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