Declaration of Perth


Declaration of Perth

The Declaration of Perth was a statement made by British Conservative Party leader Edward Heath at the party conference in Perth, Scotland in 1968, which committed the party to supporting some form of Scottish devolution.[1]

Background

The Conservative Party in Scotland was traditionally a unionist party. At that time support in Scotland for the pro-independence Scottish National Party was growing (seen spectacularly in Winnie Ewing's victory at the Hamilton by-election of 1967). In response the then Labour government set up the Kilbrandon Commission (1969-1973) to draw up its plans for devolution. Prior to Labour's initiative, at the Conservative Party Conference of 1968, held in Perth in Scotland, Edward Heath announced a party policy of support for devolution. Heath then formed a constitutional committee chaired by former Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home. In 1970, this committee produced "Scotland’s Government", a report that recommended the creation of a Scottish Assembly with 125 elected members and powers to initiate and discuss bills. However, the Bills were to require approval of the United Kingdom Parliament.

Aftermath

The 1970 General Election was won by the Conservative Party, and Heath became Prime Minister. However, the electoral weakness of the Nationalists removed the political pressure for devolution, which caused it to slip from the agenda. The two general elections of 1974 saw the return of a minority Labour Government and advances by the Nationalists (they won 7 seats in the February election and 11 in the October election). Labour was thus dependent on Nationalist support in Parliament, and hence, despite some opposition from within its own party, passed the Scotland Act 1978. This act provided for devolution, subject to approval by a referendum which took place in 1979.

In 1975, Edward Heath was replaced as Conservative leader by Margaret Thatcher. Under her leadership, the Conservatives gradually returned to a policy of opposing Scottish devolution.[2] However, former leader Alec Douglas-Home was still able to urge Scots to vote 'no' to Labour's proposal in 1979, with the promise that a Conservative government would offer a "better" bill.

When the referendum of 1979 failed to deliver the required mandate for devolution, the Nationalists withdrew their support for the Labour Government, resulting in a general election in 1979, which was won by the Conservatives. Despite being the only major party now opposing constitutional reform and despite their reduced popularity and strength in Scotland, Conservative electoral victories in 1983, 1987 and 1992 ensured that no further legislative progress was made until the election of Labour under Tony Blair in 1997 led to a second devolution referendum.

Again the Conservatives opposed devolution in the 1997 debate (although Heath personally supported Labour's proposals[3]), but this time their opposition was unsuccessful, and the Scottish Parliament was created by the Scotland Act 1998. Subsequent to its creation, the Conservative Party has indicated its acceptance of Scottish devolution as an irreversible political fact. [4]

References

  1. ^ "The Devolution Debate This Century". Scottish Refurendums (BBC Scotland). http://www.bbc.co.uk/politics97/devolution/scotland/briefing/c20scot.shtml. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  2. ^ Cavanagh, Michael (2001). "The Campaigns for a Scottish Parliament". Glasgow Digital Library ASPECT (Anderson Library: University of Strathclyde). http://gdl.cdlr.strath.ac.uk/aspect/docs/aspectcampaigns.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  3. ^ "Sir Edward Heath - Obituary". The Independent (Independent News and Media Limited). 2005-07-18. http://news.independent.co.uk/people/obituaries/article299884.ece. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  4. ^ "Hague backs Scottish Parliament". BBC News Website (BBC). 1998-06-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/107783.stm. Retrieved 2007-10-23. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Perth — may refer to: * Perth, Scotland, the administrative centre of the Perth and Kinross council area; the original Perth , after which the others are named * Perth, Western Australia, the capital of Western Australia and the fourth largest city in… …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish independence — is a political ambition of a number of political parties, pressure groups and individuals for Scotland to secede from the United Kingdom. The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent state from its own unification in 843, until 1707, when the… …   Wikipedia

  • Dewar (Dewar na Ferg) of Perthshire — Contents 1 Dewar Origins 2 Saint Fillan and the Holy Relics 3 The Dewars in History 4 Dewar Family (Dewar na Ferg) …   Wikipedia

  • Scottish Assembly — The Scottish Assembly was a proposed legislature for Scotland that would have devolved a set list of powers from the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Labour Government led the Scotland Act 1978 through Westminster which provided for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Commission on the Constitution (United Kingdom) — The Royal Commission on the Constitution, also referred to as the Kilbrandon Commission (initially the Crowther Commission) or Kilbrandon Report, was a long running royal commission set up by Harold Wilson s Labour government to examine the… …   Wikipedia

  • Contestation de la responsabilité du VIH dans le sida — La contestation de la responsabilité du VIH dans le sida est un mouvements dissident hétérogène qui nie l origine virale du sida. Ces dissidents, constitués d activistes, de journalistes et de scientifiques, soutiennent que le consensus de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hypotheses alternatives sur la responsabilite du VIH dans le SIDA — Hypothèses alternatives sur la responsabilité du VIH dans le sida Depuis 1984, différents mouvements pour la réévaluation du sida (AIDS reappraisal movement) ou mouvements dissidents du sida (AIDS dissident movement), également appelés de façon… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hypothèse polémique sur la responsabilité du virus de l'immunodéficience humaine dans le sida — Hypothèses alternatives sur la responsabilité du VIH dans le sida Depuis 1984, différents mouvements pour la réévaluation du sida (AIDS reappraisal movement) ou mouvements dissidents du sida (AIDS dissident movement), également appelés de façon… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hypothèses Alternatives Sur La Responsabilité Du VIH Dans Le SIDA — Depuis 1984, différents mouvements pour la réévaluation du sida (AIDS reappraisal movement) ou mouvements dissidents du sida (AIDS dissident movement), également appelés de façon péjorative mouvements négationnistes, plaident pour une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hypothèses alternatives sur la responsabilité du VIH dans le SIDA — Depuis 1984, différents mouvements pour la réévaluation du sida (AIDS reappraisal movement) ou mouvements dissidents du sida (AIDS dissident movement), également appelés de façon péjorative mouvements négationnistes, plaident pour une… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.