Effendi


Effendi

Effendi or Efendi (Arabic: أفندي "Afandi" ;Persian: آفندی ) (from Turkish "Efendi") is a Turkish title meaning a lord or master. [Messiri, Sawsan. "Ibn Al-Balad: A Concept of Egyptian Identity". Brill Publishers, 1997. [http://books.google.com/books?id=vb4eAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA5&dq=effendi+turkish+title&lr=&hl=tr&sig=mOI5e8tivGFHO9KnnNSE2MKig3w "page 5"] ] It is a title of respect or courtesy, equivalent to the English Sir, in Turkey and some other Eastern countries. It follows the personal name, when it is used, and is generally given to members of the learned professions, and to government officials who have no higher rank, such as Bey or Pasha. It may also indicate a definite office, as "Hekim efendi", chief physician to the sultan. The possessive form "efendim" (my master) is used by servants and in formal intercourse.

In Ottoman era, the most common title affixed to a personal name after that of agha was efendi. Such a title would have indicated an "educated gentleman", hence by implication a graduate of a secular state school (rüşdiye), even though at least some if not most of these efendis had once been religious students, or even religious teachers.

According to the 1911 "Encyclopædia Britannica" the word is a corruption of the Greek "aphentes" ("afendis" in Modern Greek's "lord" or "master"). Though it may have rather been derived from the Old Turkic "apandi", a title of nobility, since it appears in Old Uyghur. ["e.g.", Baranovitch at n. 41]

Other uses

* Effendi was also considered a man of high education or social standing in an eastern Mediterranean or Arab country. It was a title of Turkish origin, analogous to Esquire, and junior to Bey in Egypt during the period of Muhammad Ali dynasty. [ [http://www.4dw.net/royalark/Egypt/glossary.htm A glossary of titles in Muhammad Ali Dynasty - Definition of Efendi] ] [ [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1402193262&id=s3le0rgpBG8C&pg=RA1-PA23&lpg=RA1-PA23&ots=xCu6Iq1Gb9&dq=egypt%2Beffendi%2Bturkish%2Btitle&sig=cjRV4qxMVRInCbVdwxFFTw_CkUE#PRA1-PA23,M1 Nassau William Senior. "Conversations and Journals in Egypt and Malta"] ]

* Effendi is still used as an honorific in Egypt and Turkey, and is the source of the word أفندم؟ "effendim?", Lang-tr|efendim, a particularly polite way of saying "Pardon me?".

* Effendi (warrant officer) was the highest rank that a Black African could achieve in the British King's African Rifles.

* In Indonesia and Malaysia, "Effendi" can serve as someone's name.

* In Bosnia and Herzegovina Effendi refers to Muslim clerics.

ee also

*Ottoman titles
*Agha
*Bey
*Pasha

Notes

References

*Baranovitch, Nimrod. "From the Margins to the Center." "China Quarterly" 175: 726-750 . Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.
*Drompp, Michael. "Tang China And The Collapse Of The Uighur Empire: A Documentary History". Brill Academic Publishers, 2004.
* [http://www.readliterature.com/glossary.htm ReadLiterature.com - Definition of Efendi]
* [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN0520225260&id=d5LAxdb53t4C&pg=PA299&lpg=PA299&dq=efendi%2Bis%2Btitle&sig=T7RgaAgIWHaW7Js1mUjYW0i7SH0 A Nation of Empire: The Ottoman Legacy of Turkish Modernity]


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  • effendi — ou efendi [ efɛ̃di ] n. m. • 1624; mot turc, altér. du gr. mod. afentis, gr. a. authentês « maître » ♦ Ancien titre de dignitaires civils ou religieux, chez les Turcs. « Me voilà pour tout de bon un indiscutable effendi » (Loti). Des effendis,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • effendi — EFFENDI. s. masc. Homme de Loi chez les Turcs. Achmet Effendi, veut dire, Achmet homme de Loi. Reis Effendi, le Chef des hommes de Loi; ce qui répond à Chancelier …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Effendi — Effendi, mot turc que l on fait dériver d un mot de la basse grécité, authentès (αυθεντης), prononcé avthendis, c est à dire seigneur, maître. Il sert à désigner les gens de loi, les fonctionnaires civils, les savants, les lettrés ; il se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Effendi — Effendi, türkische Titulatur, Beiname aller höhern Civil und Religionsbeamten bei den Muselmännern, so wie Aga der Ehrentitel der Militärbeamten ist. Reis Effendi (spr. Reis ) ist der Titel des Reichskanzlers und Ministers der auswärtigen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Effendi — Ef*fen di, n., [Turk. efendi, fr. Modern Gr. ?, fr. Gr. ? a chief. See {Authentic}.] Master; sir; a Turkish title of respect, applied esp. to a state official or man of learning, as one learned in the law, but often simply as the courtesy title… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Effendi — (türk.), so v.w. Efendi …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Effendi — Effendi, s. Efendi …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • effendi — Turkish title of respect, 1610s, from Turk. efendi, title of respect applied to professionals and officials, corruption of Gk. authentes lord, master (in Modern Gk. aphente; see AUTHENTIC (Cf. authentic)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • effendi — [e fen′dē] n. pl. effendis [Turk efendi < ModGr aphentēs < Gr authentēs, a master: see AUTHENTIC] 1. Sir; Mr.: a Turkish title of respect 2. in countries of the eastern Mediterranean, a man of high social status as a result of wealth,… …   English World dictionary

  • Effendi — Efendi (auch Effendi) ist eine veraltete, türkische Form der Anrede und bedeutet soviel wie „Herr“. Der Plural lautet Efendiler. Die Herkunft dieses Begriffes ist unklar, ein Zusammenhang mit dem neugriechischen aphentes oder griechischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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