Svitavy


Svitavy

Geobox | Settlement
name = Svitavy
other_name =
category = Town


image_caption = Peace Square in Svitavy

| flag_border = 1
symbol = Svitavy znak 2.jpeg
etymology =
official_name =
motto =
nickname =
country = Czech Republic
country_

state =
region = Pardubice
region_type = Region
district = Svitavy
district_type = District
commune = Svitavy
municipality =
part =
river = Svitava
location =
elevation = 435
lat_d = 49
lat_m = 45
lat_s = 20
lat_NS = N
long_d = 16
long_m = 28
long_s = 10
long_EW = E
highest =
highest_elevation =
highest_lat_d =
highest_long_d =
lowest =
lowest_elevation =
lowest_lat_d =
lowest_long_d =
area = 31.33
area_round = 2
population = 17476
population_date = 2006-07-03
population_density = auto
established = around 1150
established_type = Founded
mayor = Jiří Brýdl
timezone =



map_background = Czechia - background map.png map_caption = Location in the Czech Republic
map_locator = Czechia
commons = Svitavy
statistics = [http://www.statnisprava.cz/ebe/ciselniky.nsf/i/577731 statnisprava.cz]
website = [http://www.svitavy.cz/ www.svitavy.cz]
footnotes =

Svitavy (IPA2|ˈsvɪtavɪ; German: "Zwittau") is a town in the Svitavy District in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. The town has a population of 18,000 and is also the district administrative centre.

History

The town was founded in around 1150, when monks set up the church and nearby village. A century later German speaking colonists were moved into the area. From 1256 Svitavy was owned by bishops of Olomouc. The city has been destroyed twice, during the Thirty Years' War the town was devastated and in 1781 it was burned down by accident. In 1866, a cease-fire between Prussia and Austria was arranged here. In 1930, 88.4 % of the population was German. In the beginning of the 20th century the town saw tensions between Czech and German speaking people, resulting in the expulsion of Germans following World War II.

Famous people

* Martin Doktor (born 1974), canoeing World and Olympic champion (born in nearby Polička)
* Viktor Felber (1880 - 1942), professor of engineering, in 1930-31 head of Czech Technical University
* Alexander Makowsky (1833 - 1908), geologist
* Valentin Oswald Ottendorfer (1826 - 1900), anarchist, entrepreneur, philanthropist
* Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974), Sudeten German industrialist credited with saving almost 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust

External links

* [http://www.svitavy.cz/ Official website] cs icon
* [http://www.muzeum.svitavy.cz/ City Museum] cs icon
* [http://www.bohemianet.com/pardubicky_kraj/svitavy/svitavy_en.htm/ Brief History] en icon


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Svitavy — Héraldique D …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Svitavy — Svitavy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Svitavy — Original name in latin Svitavy Name in other language Svitave, Svitavi, Svitavy, Zwittau, si wei ta wei, Свитави State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague longitude 49.75594 latitude 16.46829 altitude 442 Population 17427 Date 2012 11 27 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Svitavy — Sp Svitavai Ap Svitavy L Čekija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Svitavy — Svịtavy   [ vi], Stadt in der Tschechischen Republik, Zwittau …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Svitavy District — Okres Svitavy   District   Saint George s church, Po …   Wikipedia

  • District de Svitavy — Okres Svitavy (cs) Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chotovice (Svitavy District) — Chotovice   Municipality   …   Wikipedia

  • Čistá (Svitavy District) — Čistá   Municipality   …   Wikipedia

  • Desná (Svitavy District) — Desná   Municipality   …   Wikipedia


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