- Silesian Offensives
:"This is an article about a WWII offensives. For WWI offensive, see
The Lower Silesian Offensive ran from
February 8to 24, 1945, and the Upper Silesian Offensive — from March 15to March 31, 1945. Designed to flank the Soviet main advance on Berlin, the two operations pushed the "Wehrmacht" out of Silesia.
1st Ukrainian Frontunder Ivan Konev’s command, having completed the Vistula-Oder Offensive, was to advance westward toward Silesiawith the primary objective of protecting the left flank of the 1st Belorussian Front, which was pushing toward Berlin. Similarly, the East Pomeranian Offensiveof the 2nd Belorussian Frontin the north was tasked with protecting the 1st Belorussian Front's right flank.
The need to secure the flanks delayed till April the Soviets' final push toward Berlin, which had originally been planned for February. By mid-April, the East Pomeranian Offensive — carried out by the 2nd, and elements of the 1st, Belorussian Fronts — had succeeded in its objectives, reaching the important German port city of Stettin (now Szczecin).
Stalin's decision to delay the push toward Berlinfrom February to April 1945 has been a subject of controversy among Soviet generals and military historians, with one side arguing that in February the Soviets had a chance of securing Berlin much faster and with much smaller losses, and the other arguing that the possibility of large German formations remaining on the flanks could have resulted in a successful German counterattackand further prolonged the war. Stalin's aim in delaying the advance on Berlin had likely been political, as it allowed him to occupy substantial parts of Austriain the Vienna Offensive.
Moravian-Ostrava Offensive Operation
Sandomierz-Silesian Offensive Operation
*pl icon, Andrzej Wanderer, [http://www.tygodnikprudnicki.pl/index.php?tpid=1&k=487&PHPSESSID=85bbfa770de3ca4421903ff65b68072 Piekło na Śląsku] , Tygodnik Prudnicki nr 24, 2006-06-14
*Beevor, Antony. "Berlin: The Downfall 1945", Penguin Books, 2002, ISBN 0-670-88695-5
*Duffy, Christopher. "Red Storm on the Reich: The Soviet March on Germany, 1945", Routledge, 1991, ISBN 0-415-22829-8
*Dubiel, P. "Wyzwolenie Śląska w 1945 r." [Liberation of Silesia in 1945] , Katowice 1969
*Glantz, David M., [http://www.strom.clemson.edu/publications/sg-war41-45.pdf The Soviet‐German War 1941–45] : Myths and Realities: A Survey Essay
*Karl Friedrich Grau, "Silesian Inferno: War Crimes of the Red Army on Its March Into Silesia in 1945: a Collection of Documents", Landpost Press, 1992, ISBN 1880881098
*Rawski, T. "Wyzwolenie Śląska" [Liberation of Silesia] , Studia i Materiały z Dziejów Śląska, t. VI, 1964
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