Silesian Offensives

Silesian Offensives

:"This is an article about a WWII offensives. For WWI offensive, see Silesian Offensive."

The Silesian Offensives were two 1945 offensives conducted by the Soviet Red Army against the German "Wehrmacht" on the Eastern Front in World War II.

The offensives

The Lower Silesian Offensive ran from February 8 to 24, 1945, and the Upper Silesian Offensive — from March 15 to March 31, 1945. Designed to flank the Soviet main advance on Berlin, the two operations pushed the "Wehrmacht" out of Silesia.

The 1st Ukrainian Front under Ivan Konev’s command, having completed the Vistula-Oder Offensive, was to advance westward toward Silesia with the primary objective of protecting the left flank of the 1st Belorussian Front, which was pushing toward Berlin. Similarly, the East Pomeranian Offensive of the 2nd Belorussian Front in the north was tasked with protecting the 1st Belorussian Front's right flank.


The need to secure the flanks delayed till April the Soviets' final push toward Berlin, which had originally been planned for February. By mid-April, the East Pomeranian Offensive — carried out by the 2nd, and elements of the 1st, Belorussian Fronts — had succeeded in its objectives, reaching the important German port city of Stettin (now Szczecin).


Stalin's decision to delay the push toward Berlin from February to April 1945 has been a subject of controversy among Soviet generals and military historians, with one side arguing that in February the Soviets had a chance of securing Berlin much faster and with much smaller losses, and the other arguing that the possibility of large German formations remaining on the flanks could have resulted in a successful German counterattack and further prolonged the war. Stalin's aim in delaying the advance on Berlin had likely been political, as it allowed him to occupy substantial parts of Austria in the Vienna Offensive.

ee also

*Moravian-Ostrava Offensive Operation
*Sandomierz-Silesian Offensive Operation

External links

*pl icon, Andrzej Wanderer, [ Piekło na Śląsku] , Tygodnik Prudnicki nr 24, 2006-06-14

Further reading

*Beevor, Antony. "Berlin: The Downfall 1945", Penguin Books, 2002, ISBN 0-670-88695-5
*Duffy, Christopher. "Red Storm on the Reich: The Soviet March on Germany, 1945", Routledge, 1991, ISBN 0-415-22829-8
*Dubiel, P. "Wyzwolenie Śląska w 1945 r." [Liberation of Silesia in 1945] , Katowice 1969
*Glantz, David M., [ The Soviet‐German War 1941–45] : Myths and Realities: A Survey Essay
*Karl Friedrich Grau, "Silesian Inferno: War Crimes of the Red Army on Its March Into Silesia in 1945: a Collection of Documents", Landpost Press, 1992, ISBN 1880881098
*Rawski, T. "Wyzwolenie Śląska" [Liberation of Silesia] , Studia i Materiały z Dziejów Śląska, t. VI, 1964

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship — For the historical region, see Lower Silesia. Lower Silesian Voivodeship Województwo dolnośląskie   Voivodeship   …   Wikipedia

  • Cieszyn Silesian dialect — Rest in peace grave inscription in Cieszyn Silesian dialect. Cieszyn Silesian dialect (Polish: gwara cieszyńska or dialekt cieszyński; Czech: těšínské nářečí, locals using this dialect say they speak po naszymu ) is one of the Silesian dialects.… …   Wikipedia

  • Upper Silesian Coal Basin — The Upper Silesian Coal Region around Kattowitz (Katowice) in 1905 Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Polish: Górnośląskie Zagłębie Węglowe, GZW, Czech: Hornoslezské uhelné pánve) is a coal basin in Silesia in Poland and …   Wikipedia

  • Moravian-Silesian Beskids — (Moravskoslezské Beskydy) Mountain Range …   Wikipedia

  • Upper Silesian Industrial Region — Central part of the Upper Silesian Industrial Region Upper Silesian Metropolis. The Upper Silesian Industrial Region (Polish: Górnośląski Okręg Przemysłowy, GOP; German: Oberschlesisches Industriegebiet) is a larg …   Wikipedia

  • Moravian–Silesian Region — Moravia Silesia Moravskoslezsko Undermined church in Karviná …   Wikipedia

  • Upper Silesia Province — Oberschlesien Upper Silesia Province of Prussia …   Wikipedia

  • History of Silesia — can be traced for many millenias, although only the last one and a half are relatively known. Silesia has been inhabited from time immemorial by people of multiple ethnic groups. Germanic tribes were first recorded within Silesia in the 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • Eastern Front (World War II) — Great Patriotic War redirects here. For a discussion of the term itself, see Great Patriotic War (term). Not to be confused with Patriotic War of 1812. Eastern Front Part of World War II …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II battles — Expand list|date=August 2008 AfricaWestern Front* Battle of the Bulge [ [ of the bulge.htm The Battle of the Bulge ] ] * Battle of Britain * Battle of France * Battle of Maastricht * Battle for the Hague …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.