Giovanni Boccamazza


Giovanni Boccamazza

Giovanni Boccamazza [Boccamiti; John of Tusculum (Tusculum being the same as Frascati), a name also applying to Antipope Benedict X.] (died 1309) was an Italian Cardinal. He was from the Roman nobility, related to the Savelli [ [http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savelli_%28famiglia%29] ] family and was a nephew of Pope Honorius IV.

He was made bishop of Monreale, near Palermo, in 1278, and was there at the time of the Sicilian Vespers (1282). He fled Sicily. [Steven Runciman, "The Sicilian Vespers".] He was made cardinal-bishop of Frascati on 22 December in 1285 [ [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/consistories-xiii.htm The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Consistories of the XIII Century ] ] , by Honorius IV.

He was then sent as a papal legate to northern Europe. He attended the significant synod of March 1287 in Würzburg, considered as a German national council. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07267c.htm CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hermann of Minden ] ]

He participated in five papal conclaves, which saw the elections of popes Nicholas IV in 1288, Celestine V in 1294, Boniface VIII in 1294, Benedict XI in 1303 and Clement V in 1305. He became dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1302.

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External links

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