- Celtic rock
Infobox Music genre|color=goldenrod
Electric folk, Celtic music, Folk rock
Irelandand other Celtic nations
instruments= Guitar, Bass Guitar, Mandolin, Banjo, Tin Whistle, Drums, Keyboard, Electronic Bagpipes, Electronic Fiddle
Celtic punk, Celtic metal
Celtic rock is a genre of
folk rockwhich incorporates Celtic music, instrumentation and themes. The style is seen as the hybrid of traditional Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Breton music with new musical forms. [McLaughlin, Noel and Martin McLoone "Hybridity and National Musics: The Case of Irish Rock Music" "Popular Music". Vol. 9, No. 2 (April, 2000) pp. 181-199] Some of the traditional instruments used in Celtic rock include the tin whistle, uilleann pipes, fiddle, bodhrán, accordion, concertina, melodeon, and bagpipes. [Johnston, Thomas F. “The Social Context of Irish Folk Instruments.” International "Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music" Vol 26, no. 1 (Jun, 1995) pp. 35-59.] It is also noted that many American Celtic rock bands also have members that have no Irish or Scottish heritage and sing in English, not Gaelic/Irish, but also draw their influences from other musical sources. [Herman, Janet. "British Folk-Rock; Celtic Rock." "The Journal of American Folklore." Vol 107, No. 425 (Summer, 1994) pp. 54-58.]
Celtic rock developed out of the (originally English)
electric folkscene. Prototypical Celtic rock groups include the Irish group Horslips, who in the early 1970s were possibly the first group to have the term 'Celtic Rock' applied to them. Horslips displayed many elements of Celtic rock: traditional Irish/Celtic music and instrumentation, Celtic themes and imagery, concept albumsbased on Irish mythologyall powered by driving hard rock. Also in the early 70s, Alan Stivellcreated a Pan-Celtic Music including Rock, mainly since 1971. Listen to Pop-plinn, to his Olympia liveand his 1973 album From Celtic Roots, also called Celtic Rock. During the mid-1970's, other bands began to rise that include Planxtyand Moving Hearts. [ [http://www.irishrockers.com/IrishRockHistory.asp Irish Rockers - History of Irish Rock Music ] ] Other early bands who fall under the Celtic rock banner include Clannad, Five Hand Reel, Runrigand Wolfstone. Thin Lizzy, although generally considered mainstream rock, can also be placed in this genre, with songs like " Whiskey in the Jar" and "Emerald". 1990 to 2000s bands such as Seven Nations, The Killdares, Keltic Fireand Needfireformed American adaptations of Celtic Rock. Bands such as Lordrykand Moondragon adapted Celtic rock for the English and Welsh markets as The Dreaming and Shoogleniftyhave drawn on Scottish influences.
Celtic rock is a subgenre of
Celtic fusion, an umbrella term for any modern music which incorporates traditional Celtic influences.
In the wake following
punk musicof the 1980s, the London based The Poguescreated the subgenre Celtic punk. The Pogues' style of punked up Irish music spawned and influenced a number of Celtic punk bands, particularly in America. Prior to The Pogues, there were many others involved in the punk movement of the 1970's that included Stiff Little Fingers, The Undertones, The Radiators From Space, The Boomtown Ratsand The Virgin Prunes. [ [http://www.irishrockers.com/IrishRockHistory.asp Irish Rockers - History of Irish Rock Music ] ] Examples of more recent groups include The Young Dubliners, Jackdaw, Flogging Molly, Flatfoot 56, The Tossersand Dropkick Murphys.
progressive rockband Mostly Autumnhave a lot of Celtic influence in their music.
*"Irish Folk, Trad and Blues: A Secret History" by Colin Harper (2005) covers Horslips, The Pogues, Planxty and others.
*"Irish Rock - Where It's Comes From - Where It's At - Where It's Going" by Tony Clayton-Lea (1992)
*"Green Suede Shoes" by Larry Kirwan (2005)
*"Noisy Island: A Short History Of Irish Popular Music" by Gerry Smyth
*"Beautiful Day: 40 Years Of Irish Rock" by Sean Campbell and Gerry Smyth (2005)
List of folk rock artists#Celtic rock
* [http://www.irishrockers.com/ Irish Rockers]
* [http://www.shitenonions.com/ Shite 'n' Onions]
* [http://www.paddyrock.com/ Paddy Rock]
* [http://en.triquel.com/ Spanish Celtic Rock Music]
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