Eugen Ehrlich


Eugen Ehrlich

Eugen Ehrlich (1862–1922) was an Austrian legal scholar and sociologist.

He was born in Czernowitz (now Chernivtsi in Ukraine), which was at that time part of the Bukovina province of the Austro-Hungarian empire. Ehrlich studied law in Vienna, where he taught and practised as a lawyer before returning to Czernowitz to teach at the University there, a bastion of Germanic culture at the eastern edge of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He remained at the University for the rest of his teaching career and was Rector in 1906-7. During the turmoil of World War I, when Czernowitz was occupied several times by Russian forces, he moved to Switzerland. After the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the ceding of the Bukovina to Romania, Ehrlich planned to return to Czernowitz, where he would have been required to teach in Romanian, but he died of diabetes in Vienna in 1922.

The location and circumstances of his career were significant, as his experience of Bukovina's legal culture, where Austrian law and local custom seemed to co-exist, caused him to question the hierarchical notions of law propounded by such theorists as Hans Kelsen. Ehrlich is considered as one of the founders of the sociology of law. He noted that earlier legal theories that recognize law as a sum of statutes and judgments gave an inadequate view of the legal reality of a community. He drew a distinction between norms of decision and social norms or norms of conduct. The latter actually govern the life in a society and can be regarded in popular consciousness, if not necessarily by lawyers, as law. For example, commercial usage and custom may develop and be recognized and respected by courts of law. The point Ehrlich sought to make was that the "living law" which regulates social life may be quite different from the norms for decision applied by courts. Norms for decision regulate only those disputes that are brought before a judicial or other tribunal. Living law is a framework for the routine structuring of social relationships. Its source is in the many different kinds of social associations in which people co-exist. Its essence is not dispute and litigation, but peace and co-operation.


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  • Eugen Ehrlich — (* 14. September 1862 in Czernowitz, Bukowina; † 2. Mai 1922 in Wien) war Jurist (Rechtssoziologe) und von 1900 bis 1914 Professor an der Franz Josephs Universität Czernowitz. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Wissenschaftliches Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eugen Ehrlich — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ehrlich. Eugen Ehrlich, né à Czernowitz le 14 septembre 1862 et mort le 2 mai 1922 à Vienne, était un juriste et un sociologue autrichien. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ehrlich — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abel Ehr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ehrlich (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Eugen Ehrlich (1862 1922) était un juriste et un sociologue d  Autriche Jacques Ehrlich était un As de l aviation de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ehrlich (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour consulter un article plus général, voir : Nom de famille germanique. Ehrlich est un patronyme porté par plusieurs personnes : Eugen Ehrlich …   Wikipédia en Français

  • EHRLICH, EUGEN — (1862–1922), jurist. Born in Czernowitz, Ehrlich was associate professor of Roman Law in the university there from 1899 to 1914. In this capacity he made an important contribution to the study of the sociology of law, his thesis being that the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EHRLICH (E.) — EHRLICH EUGEN (1862 1922) Né à Gernowitz, dans la province austro hongroise de Bucovine l’actuelle ville ukrainienne de Tchernovtsi , Ehrlich étudie le droit à Vienne et y enseigne le droit romain de 1899 à 1914; il professe ensuite, quelque… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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