- Geoffrey Winthrop Young
Geoffrey Winthrop Young
D.Litt.(1876 – 1958) was a British climberand authorof several notable books on mountaineering. He was also a poetof some distinction and an educatorwho sought alternatives.
rock climbingshortly before his first term at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied Classicsand won the "Chancellor's Medal for English Verse" two years running. While there, Young wrote a humorous college climbing guide called "The Roof Climbers Guide to Trinity", a satirical parody of pompous early alpine guides. [Young, G. W. (ca 1898). "The Roof-Climbers' Guide to Trinity"]
EdwardianPeriod, and up until the outbreak of hostilities heralding World War I, Young made many new and difficult ascents in the Alps, including noted routes on the Zermatt Breithorn(the "Younggrat"), the west ridge of the Gspaltenhorn, on the west face of the Weisshorn, and a dangerous and rarely repeated route on the south face of the Täschhorn. His finest rock climb was the Mer de Glace face of the Grépon. In 1911, with H O Jones, he ascended the Brouillard ridge of Mont Blancand made the first complete traverse of the west ridge of the Grandes Jorasses, and the first decent of the ridge to the Col des Hirondelles. On most of his routes he climbed with the guide Joseph Knubel of St Niklaus. Winthrop Young also made impressive routes time and time again on local rocks in the Lake Districtand Wales. He was elected president of the Climbers' Clubin 1913, and he organised the Pen-Y-Passgatherings that propelled the advancement of rock climbing and included such technical luminaries as J. M. Archer Thompson, George Leigh Mallory, Siegfried Herford, John Percy Farrarand Oscar Eckenstein. These parties, beginning in earnest about 1907, and sometimes reaching sixty men, women and children, flooded the hotel and overflowed into Eckenstein's miner's cabin and various tents. They came to an end in 1914. [Hankinson, Alan (1977). "The Mountain Men", Heinemann]
During the War, Young was, at first, a correspondent for the liberal "Daily News", but later, as a
conscientious objector, was active in the FAU, the Friends' Ambulance Unit. He received several decorations, but on 31 August 1917 an explosion took one of his legs, and his service in the War was over.Hankinson, Alan (1995). "Geoffrey Winthrop Young", Hodder & Stoughton] After the amputation of his leg Young walked sixteen miles in two days to avoid being captured by the Austrians.
He continued to climb with an artificial leg for a number of years, ascending the
Matterhornin 1928. To support himself and his family he worked for the Rockefeller Foundation, and spent much time in Germany, and – having met Kurt Hahnbefore the War – helped Hahn immigrate to England in 1934. Much of what may be called an outdoor adventure education springs from this connection. The now famous Duke of Edinburgh Awardscheme and the International Award scheme comes from this co-operation between Hahn and Young. The Outward Boundmovement, after World War II, owes a considerable debt to their friendship.
During World War II, Young was president of the
Alpine Club, and it was through his untiring efforts that the British Mountaineering Council, the umbrella organisation for climbers in Great Britain, was created in 1945.
Books by G. W. Young
* "Mountain Craft" (1920)
* "On High Hills" (1927)
* "Mountains with a Difference" (1951)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Geoffrey Winthrop Young — en 1898 Geoffrey Winthrop Young (1876 – 1958) est un alpiniste et grimpeur britannique, auteur de premières ascensions notables dans les Alpes avant la Première Guerre mondiale. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Geoffrey Winthrop Young — um 1898 Geoffrey Winthrop Young (* 25. Oktober 1876 in London; † 6. September 1958 in London), war ein englischer Alpinist, Schriftsteller und Pädagoge. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Geoffrey Winthrop Young — (1876 – 1958) fue una escalador inglés y autor de varios libros sobre montañismo. Fue también poeta de cierta distinción y un educador que trató de encontrar formas de educación alternativas. Comenzó a escalar en roca justo antes de su primera… … Wikipedia Español
Young (Familienname) — Young ist ein englischer Familienname (in der Bedeutung „jung“, „neu“, „unerfahren“ – ein Übername – oder als englische Schreibweise des chinesischen Namens Yang). Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q … Deutsch Wikipedia
Young (desambiguación) — Young es una voz inglesa que significa joven. Puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Toponimia 2 Apellido 2.1 Personajes 2.2 Personajes de ficción … Wikipedia Español
Young Baronets — Sir William Young, 1st Baronet, of North Dean, and his family. There have been five Baronetcies created for persons with the surname Young, one in the Baronetage of England, one in the Baronetage of Great Britain and three in the Baronetage of… … Wikipedia
Night climbing in Cambridge — Night climbing is a term used principally at Oxford and Cambridge universities, England, to describe the sport of climbing up the walls of colleges and public buildings, and exploring the rooftops. This activity is frowned on by college… … Wikipedia
Josef Knubel — (* 2. März 1881 in St. Niklaus; † 31. Mai 1961 ebenda) war ein Schweizer Bergführer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Erstbegehungen 3 Literatur … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Percy Farrar — Captain John Percy Farrar DSO (1857 – 1929), also known as Percy Farrar and as J. P. Farrar, was an English soldier and mountaineer. He was President of the Alpine Club from 1917 to 1919 and a member of the Mount Everest Committee.FamilyFarrar… … Wikipedia
Oscar Eckenstein — in the 1890s Oscar Johannes Ludwig Eckenstein (9 September 1859 – 1921) was an English rock climber and mountaineer, and a pioneer in the sport of bouldering. Inventor of the modern crampon, he was an innovator in climbing technique and… … Wikipedia