Johann Peter Kellner


Johann Peter Kellner

Johann Peter Kellner (variants: Keller, Kelner) (28 September 1705 - 19 April 1772) was a German organist and composer. He was the father of Johann Christoph Kellner.

Biography

He was born in Gräfenroda, Thuringia, and was intended by his parents to follow his father into a career as a lamp-black merchant. He was devoted to music from childhood, and first learnt singing from the cantor Johann Peter Nagel and keyboard from Johann Heinrich Nagel, the son of the former. He studied for a year from 1720 with organist Johann Schmidt in Zella, followed by a year with organist Hieronymous Florentius Quehl (or Kehl) in Suhl, during which he also studied composition. He knew Johann Sebastian Bach, though it is not known whether he was taught by him, and also knew George Frideric Handel. In 1722, he returned to tutor at Gräfenroda for three years. He was appointed cantor of Frankenhain in October 1725, returning to Gräfenroda in December 1727 as assistant cantor. He became cantor after Nagel's death in 1732, and remained in the post for the rest of his life; his pupils included Johann Philipp Kirnberger, Johannes Ringk, and J.E. Rembt. He was admired as an organist, and performed for the Dukes of Coburg and Weimar and the Prince of Sondershausen.

He has played an important role in the dissemination of music by Johann Sebastian Bach, through the many manuscript copies made by him and his circle, particularly of keyboard and organ works. These are the earliest or only source of many works, and provide information on their chronology, compositional history, and authenticity. There is evidence that he transcribed Bach's trio sonata BWV 1027/BWV 1039 for organ (it was originally for viola da gamba and harpsichord or two flutes and continuo), though only the first movement survives in his hand; movement four (BWV 1027a) survives in a copy made by his student Johann Nicolaus Mempel and movement two in another hand.

Compositions

His keyboard music is in typical galant style, though also shows influences of Bach's "Well-Tempered Clavier".

Published in Arnstadt.

Organ

*Fugue in D minor, BWV Anh 180
*Prelude and Fugue in D minor
*2 trios, D major, G major, in "Die Orgel" II/7 (Lippstadt, 1958)
*Prelude in C major, in "Orgelmusik um Johann Sebastian Bach" (Wiesbaden, 1985)
*2 fugues in C minor and D major
*3 preludes in C major, C major, and G minor
*2 preludes and fugues in G major

Chorale settings

*"Herzlich tut mich verlangen", BWV Anh 47 (Leipzig, 1907)
*"Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan" (Leipzig, 1907)
*"Wer nur den lieben Gott lässt walten" (Wiesbaden, 1985)
*"Lobt Gott, ihr Christen, allzugleich; Nun danket alle Gott"
*"Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr"

Keyboard

*"Certamen musicum, bestehend aus Präludien, Fugen, Allemanden, Couranten, Sarabanden, Giguen, wie *auch Menuetten", 6 suites (1739–1749)
*"3 Sonates" (1752)
*"Manipulus musices, oder Eine Hand voll kurzweiliger Zeitvertreib", 4 suites (1752–1756)
*Concerto in F major (Leipzig, 1956)
*2 fugues in A minor and C major
*Menuet in A minor
*3 preludes and fugues in A minor, C major, and G major
*2 sonatas
*"12 Variationes"

Vocal

*36 church cantatas, in Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek, Frankfurt
*Annual cycle of church cantatas with organ, 1753 (lost)

Further reading

His autobiography is in F.W. Marpurg: "Historische-kritische Beyträge zur Aufnahme der Musik" (Berlin, 1754–1778)

*"Gedenkschrift anlässlich der Johann-Peter-Kellner-Festwoche in Gräfenroda" (Gräfenroda, 1955)
*M. Fechner: "Die Klavier- und Orgelwerke Johann Peter Kellners" (Diplomarbeit, University of Leipzig, 1965)
*H.J. Schulze: "Bach-Dokumente" III (Kassel and Leipzig, 1972)
*Russell Stinson: "The Bach Manuscripts of Johann Peter Kellner and his Circle: a Case Study in Reception History" (Durham, North Carolina, 1989)
*Russell Stinson: "Keyboard Transcriptions from the Bach Circle", (Madison, Wisconsin, 1992)

ources

*Russell Stinson: 'Kellner [Keller, Kelner] , Johann Peter', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 2007-06-13), http://www.grovemusic.com/

External links

*WIMA|idx=Kellner|name=Johann Peter Kellner
*IMSLP|id=Kellner%2C_Johann_Peter|cname=Johann Peter Kellner
*http://www.johann-peter-kellner.de/


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johann Peter Kellner — (* 28. September 1705 in Gräfenroda; † 19. April 1772 ebenda), war ein deutscher Komponist und Organist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Einzelnachweise 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Peter Kellner — Naissance 28 décembre 1705 Gräfenroda …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johann Christoph Kellner — Naissance 15 août 1736 Gräfenroda …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johann Christoph Kellner — (* 15. August 1736 in Gräfenroda, heutiger Ilm Kreis (Thüringen); † 1803 in Kassel) war ein deutscher Organist und Komponist. Leben Johann Christoph Kellner wurde 1736 als Sohn des Organisten und Komponisten Johann Peter Kellner geboren. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Christoph Kellner — (15 August 1736 1803) was a German organist and composer. He was the son of Johann Peter Kellner.LifeHe was born in Gräfenroda, Thuringia, where se studied music with his father, moving to Gotha to study with Georg Benda in 1754, returning home… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Peter Weise — Johann Peter Weise, auch Weiße, war ein deutscher Orgelbauer, der in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts seine Werkstatt in Kirchhasel bei Rudolstadt hatte. Er war bekannt mit Johann Sebastian Bach, der mehrere seiner Orgeln bespielte, und verwandt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kellner — is a surname and may refer to:* Alex Kellner (1924 1996), baseball pitcher * Carl Kellner (optician) (1829 1855), German optician * Carl Kellner (mystic) (1851 1905), Austrian mystic, founder of Ordo Templi Orientis * Catherine Kellner * Dan… …   Wikipedia

  • Kellner (Begriffsklärung) — Kellner bezeichnet: eine Berufsbezeichnung, siehe Kellner eine vom lateinischen cellarius = Kellermeister abgeleitete mittelalterliche Amtsbezeichnung, auch „Keller“ genannt, siehe Keller (Amt) Kellner ist der Familienname folgender Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Philipp Kirnberger — Naissance 24 avril 1721 Saalfeld …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johann Philipp Kirnberger — (* 24. April 1721 in Saalfeld/Saale; † 27. Juli 1783 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Musiktheoretiker und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.