Historical episcopate


Historical episcopate

The episcopate is the collective body of all bishops of a church. In the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, Eastern Rite Catholic, Oriental Orthodox, Old-Catholic, Moravian Church, and Independent Catholic churches as well as in the Assyrian Church of the East, it is held that only a person in Apostolic Succession, a line of succession of bishops dating back to the Apostles, can be a bishop, and only such a person can validly ordain Christian clergy. The succession must be transmitted from each bishop to a successor by the rite of Holy Orders. Bishops in valid Apostolic Succession compose the historical episcopate. Bishops of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America also claim to be ordained through the laying on of hands of bishops in the apostolic succession.[1]

The Roman Catholic Church holds that a bishop's consecration is valid if the sacrament of Holy Orders is validly administered with the intention of doing what the Church does by ordination and according to a valid sacramental form, and if the consecrating bishop's orders are valid, regardless of whether the rite takes place within or outside of the Roman Catholic Church. Thus, Roman Catholics recognize the validity of the episcopacy of Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Assyrian Church of the East and Old Catholic bishops, but the situation is less clear regarding Anglican bishops and Independent Catholic bishops (see Episcopi vagantes).

The Eastern Orthodox Church's view has been summarised as follows: "While accepting the canonical possibility of recognising the existence (υποστατόν) of sacraments performed outside herself, (the Eastern Orthodox Church) questions their validity (έγκυρον) and certainly rejects their efficacy (ενεργόν)"; and it sees "the canonical recognition (αναγνώρισις) of the validity of sacraments performed outside the Orthodox Church (as referring) to the validity of the sacraments only of those who join the Orthodox Church (individually or as a body)."[2] This applies to the validity and efficacy of the ordination of bishops and the other sacraments, not only of the Independent Catholic Churches, but also of all other Christian Churches, including the Roman Catholic Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, and the Assyrian Church of the East.

The Eastern Orthodox position on Anglican orders (in the hypothesis of Anglican bishops joining the Orthodox Church individually or as a body) is controversial, involving disagreements among national churches, theologians, and bishops. Because of changes in the Ordinal (the rites of Holy Orders) under King Edward VI, the Roman Catholic Church does not fully recognize all Anglican Holy Orders as valid, but the latter are recognized (and participated in) by Old Catholics, whose Holy Orders are considered valid by Rome.

Lutheran and other episcopally ordered Protestant successions are not recognized by Roman Catholics. The Anglican Church does not recognise the orders of non-episcopal denominations.

More than 91% of the world's more than 5,000 living Western bishops trace their episcopal lineage back to 16th century bishop Scipione Cardinal Rebiba. In the early 18th century, Pope Benedict XIII, whose orders descended from Rebiba, personally consecrated at least 139 bishops for various important European sees, including those in Germany, France, England and the New World. These bishops in turn largely consecrated new bishops only in their respective countries, effectively erasing other episcopal lines.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Called to Common Mission Text, paragraph 18
  2. ^ Professor Dr. Vlassios Pheidas: Τhe limits of the church in an orthodox perspective
  3. ^ Bransom, Charles.'Ordinations of U. S. Catholic Bishops, 1790-1989' United States Catholic Conference, 1990. ISBN 978-1555863234

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Historical powers — include great powers, nations, or empires in history. The term Great power represent the most important world powers. In a modern context, recognised great powers came about first in Europe during the post Napoleonic era.[1] The formalization of… …   Wikipedia

  • historic episcopate —    This term, in general, refers to the historical succession of bishops in a particular diocese or in a particular Christian Church. Such a succession may simply be historical: a series of bishops following one another; or such a succession may… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Roman Catholicism — the faith, practice, and system of government of the Roman Catholic Church. [1815 25] * * * Largest single Christian denomination in the world, with some one billion members, or about 18% of the world s population. The Roman Catholic church has… …   Universalium

  • Anglicanism — Part of a series on the Anglican Communion …   Wikipedia

  • Episcopal polity — is a form of church governance which is hierarchical in structure with the chief authority over a local Christian church resting in a bishop (Greek: episcopos ). This episcopal structure is found most often in the various churches of Orthodox,… …   Wikipedia

  • Apostolic Succession — is the concept in Christianity that the succession of bishops, in uninterrupted lines, is historically traceable back to the original twelve apostles [Oskar Sommel, Rudolf Stählin Christliche Religion, Frankfurt 1960, 19] Within Catholic… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Catholicism — The terms Anglo Catholic and Anglo Catholicism (or sometimes, possibly incorrectly, High Church mdash;see below) describe people, groups, ideas, customs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise continuity with Catholic tradition. Although… …   Wikipedia

  • Catholicism — As a Christian ecclesiastical term, Catholic from the Greek adjective Polytonic|καθολικός, meaning general or universal [ [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2351864 Liddell and Scott] The word …   Wikipedia

  • Lambeth Conferences — Infobox Christian denomination name = The Lambeth Conference caption = The Conference logos 2008 The Lambeth Conferences are decennial assemblies of bishops of the Anglican Communion convened by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The first such… …   Wikipedia

  • Free Church of Antioch — The Free Church of Antioch is one of several Malabar Rite Independent Catholic Churches which claims valid lines of Apostolic Succession in the historical episcopate. The Free Church of Antioch received several lines of this succession through… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.